Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?
Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.
Overview and critique of stages and periods in canine development
Contributor(s):: Fox, M. W.
Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed farrowing system for sows: the effects of space and temperature
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Adeleye, O. O., Jack, M. C., Farish, M., Ison, S. H., Edwards, S. A.
Piglet survival relies on interactive influences of the sow, her piglets and their environment. There are a number of design challenges in a loose-housed farrowing and lactation system to optimise this dynamic, including achieving farrowing in the desired location (i.e. a protected nest area) and...
An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.
Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...
Calculating association indices in captive animals: controlling for enclosure size and shape
Contributor(s):: Chadwick, C. L., Springate, D. A., Rees, P. A., Armitage, R. P., O'Hara, S. J.
Indices of association are used to quantify and evaluate social affiliation among animals living in groups. Association models assume that physical proximity is an indication of social affiliation; however, individuals seen associating might simply be together by chance. This problem is...
Challenging food governance models: analyzing the food citizen and the emerging food constitutionalism from an EU perspective
Contributor(s):: San-Epifanio, L. E.
Critical analyses of current food systems underline the need to respond to important challenges in questions of nutritional health, environmental sustainability, socio-economic development and protection of the cultural wealth. A wide range of perspectives and methodologies were used to carry out...
Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance
Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.
Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...
The effects of social interaction and environmental enrichment on the space use, behaviour and stress of owned housecats facing a novel environment
Contributor(s):: Rehnberg, L. K., Robert, K. A., Watson, S. J., Peters, R. A.
Every day, millions of domestic cats are held temporarily in captive environments, such as boarding catteries and rescue shelters. Being in confinement can potentially invoke high levels of stress for these animals. Therefore, there is a need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce these...
Socio-Psychological Aspects of Animal Therapy in Treating Children Suffering from Forms of Dysontogenesis
Contributor(s):: Nikolskaya, Anastasia V.
Positive and negative aspects of animal therapy using are discussed. Research of 30 case studies is displayed that pet therapy is a good therapeutic tool in approximately 60% of cases. To diagnose possible problems in families which have got a dog as a "therapist" for the child suffering from...
[Thoughts on the complex relationship between medicine and animals: a death prayer for a loyal cat]
Contributor(s):: Cabello, C. F.
Age, breed designation, coat color, and coat pattern influenced the length of stay of cats at a no-kill shelter
Contributor(s):: Brown, W. P., Morgan, K. T.
Adoption records from the Tompkins County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, an open-admission, no-kill shelter in New York State, were examined to determine if various physical attributes influenced the length of stay (LOS) of cats and kittens. Similar reports from other no-kill...
Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare
Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.
This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....
Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...
Comparison of the behaviour of piglets raised in an artificial rearing system or reared by the sow
Contributor(s):: Rzezniczek, M., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Weber, R.
Over the last 15 years, rising sow fertility has led to a considerable increase in litter size. As a consequence, the number of live born piglets may outnumber the number of functional teats, and surplus piglets are removed from the sow at the age of 3-6 days and fed with artificial milk. The...
Effects of sounds of different quality on the behaviour and heart beat parameters of goats
Contributor(s):: Johns, J., Patt, A., Hillmann, E.
In alpine regions, bells are used to relocate free-ranging grazers like cows and goats. Considering that goats have a well-developed hearing capacity, sounds (e.g. a chime of a bell) may act as stressors depending on their characteristics. The aim of this study was to test whether a non-uniform...
Local insects as flagship species to promote nature conservation? A survey among primary school children on their attitudes toward invertebrates
Contributor(s):: Schlegel, J., Breuer, G., Rupf, R.
Flagship species play an important role in promoting nature conservation. However, although the significance of invertebrates in biodiversity and ecosystem services is undisputed, they are rarely used as flagship species. A focused approach to better understand the drivers of differences in...
Measuring heart rate variability in horses to investigate the autonomic nervous system activity - pros and cons of different methods
Contributor(s):: Stucke, D., Ruse, M. G., Lebelt, D.
Power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) may provide insight into the mental state of the animal held in restricted specific experimental conditions. Determining inter-beat-interval (IBI) variations is one way to measure changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in horses....
Refinement of welfare through development of a quantitative system for assessment of lifetime experience
Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Sharpe, S., Hall, I., Lawrence, S., Kitchen, S., Dennis, M.
This paper proposes a system that uses intrinsic study data to provide a clear visualisation of the stresses involved during the animal's life history that can be applied to all types of studies, even those not requiring invasive techniques. Thus, it provides an opportunity for researchers to...
Evaluating demographic models for goat domestication using mtDNA sequences
Contributor(s):: Gerbault, P., Powell, A., Thomas, M. G.
Routes of migration and exchange are important factors in the debate about how the Neolithic transition spread into Europe. Studying the genetic diversity of livestock can help in tracing back some of these past events. Notably, domestic goat ( Capra hircus) did not have any wild progenitors (...
May 21 2015
Center for Animal Welfare Sciences Spring Symposium