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A note on the effects of forward and rear-facing orientations on movement of horses during transport
Contributor(s):: Toscano, M. J., Friend, T. H.
Several studies have attempted to determine the effects of orientation on a horse's ability to maintain balance during transportation. The results have often been contradictory because of differences in trailer design and lack of simultaneous comparisons. In this study, three replications of two...
Effects of mirror-image exposure on heart rate and movement of isolated heifers
Contributor(s):: Piller, C. A. K., Stookey, J. M., Watts, J. M.
Characteristics of a fear response in cattle include an increased heart rate, and signs of agitation. Cattle show this response when visually isolated from herdmates. Two trials were conducted to determine whether exposure to a mirror reduces the stress of social isolation of 41 heifers confined...
The response of beef cattle to noise during handling
Contributor(s):: Waynert, D. F., Stookey, J. M., Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K. S., Watts, J. M., Waltz, C. S.
59 yearling beef heifers (362+or-26 kg) were used in a study to evaluate their behavioural and physiological response to noises during a 1 min exposure. In Trial 1, 29 heifers that were naive to the treatments were assigned to either prerecorded handling noise (Noise, n=14) composed of humans...
The movement of farmed red deer through raceways
Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Littlewood, C. A.
The movement of eight groups of six farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus) through raceways was observed and the effects of race width (0.5 m or 1.5 m), race shape (straight or curved) and light intensity (bright or dim) were measured, with each group tested on each of the 8 treatment combinations....
Ultrasound observations of fetal movements in the pig: an exploratory study
Contributor(s):: Cohen, S., Mulder, E. J. H., Oord, H. A. van, Jonker, F. H., Weijden, G. C. van der, Taverne, M. A. M.
The feasibility and practical conditions of repeated, non-invasive ultrasound scanning for fetal movements during late gestation in the pig were studied. After a short training period of the sow, good quality recordings of fetal movements were obtained for 60 min using a 3.5 MHz ultrasound...
Review of Animal Rights and Human Morality
Contributor(s):: Dale Jamieson
Professor Rollin is well known to readers of this journal, at least by name and reputation. He has logged more miles and spoken to more people on behalf of animals more than any other philosopher I can think of, save Peter Singer. Now Rollin has brought out a book. I think it is a very good book,...
Modeling the motor skill involved in an intervention strategy... Platform & poster presentations for CSM 2003
Contributor(s):: Haehl, V., Holt, K. G., Ulrich, B. D.
The rider's impacts and their timers - example: rider's aids for transitions between different gaits
Contributor(s):: Hubener, E.
Tracing the profile of animal rights supporters: A preliminary investigation
Contributor(s):: Jerolmack, C.
[Scientific fundamentals of hippo- and riding therapy - a compilation of study results (author's transl)]
Contributor(s):: Rieger, C.
Motion parameter instrumental examination possibilities of therapeutic horses
Contributor(s):: Palinkas, J., Szabo, I. A., Soha, F. R., Bagi, A., Csernatony, Z.
The knowledge of motion parameters of horses is significant not only in veterinary practice, but also in equine assisted activities. According to the presently accepted hypothesis, during therapeutic horseback riding the impulse coming from the back of the horse moves the pelvis of the rider...
Survival, fecundity, and movements of free-roaming cats
Contributor(s):: Schmidt, P. M., Lopez, R. R., Collier, B. A.
Free-roaming cats (e.g., owned, semi-feral, and feral) impact wildlife worldwide through predation, competition, and disease transmission. Baseline ecological information necessary for population management is lacking. We radiocollared free-roaming cats (feral, n=30; semi-feral, n=14; owned,...
An attempt to assess traits of emotionality in crossbred ewes
Contributor(s):: Torres-Hernandez, G., Hohenboken, W.
Open-field behaviour, including exposure to a tethered dog, was examined in ewes from crosses of North Country Cheviot (NCC), Dorset Horn (DH), Finnish Landrace (FL) and Romney Marsh (RM) sires with Suffolk and Columbia ewes. Each of 164 ewes was tested 3 times, with 3-wk intervals between tests....
Fetal kinesis and a condition of fetal inertia in equine and bovine subjects
Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
A salient feature of behaviour in the fetus is movement. Kinetic behaviour in equine and bovine fetuses has been progressively studied in recent years using doppler ultrasound. As specific features of fetal kinesis have become identified in this study, fetal behaviour patterns have become...
Headshaking in fowls: the effect of environmental stimuli
Contributor(s):: Hughes, B. O.
The incidence of headshaking in domestic fowls is influenced by both social and environmental factors; it was more frequent in larger groups and in subordinate birds, and it could be greatly increased by exposure to disturbing stimuli. The findings are not readily explained by earlier suggestions...
Visual field, restricted vision and sheep movement in laneways
Contributor(s):: Hutson, G. D.
Effects of visual stimuli and noise on fear levels in laying hens
Contributor(s):: Scott, G. B., Moran, P.
Conveyors have been proposed to improve bird welfare during handling procedures, but visual perception of speed may play an important role if birds find the movement frightening. To study this, stationary birds were subjected to moving stimuli of 0.33, 0.67 and 1.00 m/s by being placed between...
Influence of floor type on the locomotion of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Telezhenko, E., Bergsten, C.
Locomotion in 36 cows was tested on five different surfaces: solid and slatted concrete with and without 20 mm thick elastic (KENReg.) rubber mats and wet, compressed sand (as an example of a natural, yielding surface). The friction of the floors was measured and a trackway measurement system...
Someplace like home: experience, habitat selection and conservation biology. (Special Issue: Conservation, enrichment and animal behavior.)
Contributor(s):: Stamps, J. A., Swaisgood, R. R.
Recent insights from habitat selection theory may help conservation managers encourage released animals to settle in appropriate habitats. By all measures, success rates for captive-release and translocation programs are low, and have shown few signs of improvement in recent years. We consider...
Time budget-, behavioral synchrony- and body score development of a newly released Przewalski's horse group Equus ferus przewalskii , in the Great Gobi B strictly protected area in SW Mongolia
Contributor(s):: Souris, A. C., Kaczensky, P., Julliard, R., Walzer, C.
The Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii) became extinct in the wild in the 1960s, but survived as a species due to captive breeding. There have been several initiatives to re-introduce the species in central Asia, but until now only two projects in Mongolia establish free-ranging...