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Modeling The Zoonotic Transmission Dynamics Of Nipah Virus: Implications For Outbreak Control And Model-Guided Fieldwork
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Contributor(s):: Natasha Wenzel
Introduction: Nipah virus is considered a biosafety level-4 pathogen that is endemic to bats of the genus Pteropus. Infection in humans presents clinically as febrile encephalitis with an extremely high case-fatality rate (78.2%). Outbreaks of Nipah virus infection have occurred in Bangladesh...
Real-Time Detection of a Virus Using Detection Dogs
Contributor(s):: T. Craig Angle, Thomas Passler, Paul L. Waggoner, Terrence D. Fischer, Bart Rogers, Patricia K. Galik, Herris S. Maxwell
Viral infections are ubiquitous in humans, animals, and plants. Real-time methods to identify viral infections are limited and do not exist for use in harsh or resource-constrained environments. Previous research identified that tissues produce unique volatile organic compounds (VOC) and...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
The One Health Approach to Emerging Infectious Diseases: Ebola and the Animal Health Perspective
Contributor(s):: Rebecca K. Gordon
The fundamental basis for the One Health concept is rooted in the interconnectedness of animal, human, and environmental health. Because of these complex linkages, supporters of One Health advocate that effective solutions to public health challenges require multi-disciplinary communication,...
Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations
Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...
The Public Health Risks of Three Potentially Zoonotic Viruses in Pigs and Pork in Canada
Contributor(s):: Barbara Wilhelm
The research described in this thesis aims to describe the potential public health risks posed by three emerging and potentially zoonotic viruses (hepatitis E virus (HEV), Norovirus (NoV), and rotavirus (RV) in pigs and pork in Canada. This was investigated via a scoping review, surveys of...
Domestic rabbits: diseases and parasites
Contributor(s):: Nephi M. Patton, K.W. Hagen, J.R. Gorham, Ronald E. Flatt
Designed to help ranchers recognize common rabbit diseases. Diseases are classified according to major cause-bacterial, viral, nutritional, hereditary, fungal, and miscellaneous (including poisoning, tumors, and vices). For each disease, the symptoms and treatment are described. Provides advice...
The Burden of Avian Influenza Viruses in Community Ponds in California
Contributor(s):: Zin Htway
Emerging influenza viruses continue to challenge public health. The problem is public health science professionals have been battling emerging human influenza diseases with tactile and reactionary methods because there is a lack of knowledge and data at the human-animal interface. This research...
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Zoonotic poxviruses associated with companion animals
Contributor(s):: Tack, D. M., Reynolds, M. G.
Understanding the zoonotic risk posed by poxviruses in companion animals is important for protecting both human and animal health. The outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, as well as current reports of cowpox in Europe, point to the fact that companion animals are increasingly serving as...
Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake
Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...
Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...
A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options
Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.
Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...
Case-Control Study of Risk Factors for Human Infection with a New Zoonotic Paramyxovirus, Nipah Virus during a 1998-1999 Outbreak of Severe Encephalitis in Malaysia
Contributor(s):: Flora Ong, Lye Munn Sunn, Anthony W. Mounts, Mohamad Taha Arif, Thomas G Ksiazek, Umesh D. Parashar, Muhammad A. Kamaluddin, Amal N. Mustafa, Hanjeet Kaur, Lay Ming Ding, Ghazali Othman, Hayati M. Radzi, Paul T. Kitsutani, Patrick C. Stockton, John Arokiasamy, Howard E. Gary Jr, Larry J. Anderson
An outbreak of encephalitis affecting 265 patients (105 fatally) occurred during 1998–1999 in Malaysia and was linked to a new paramyxovirus, Nipah, that infected pigs, humans, dogs, and cats. Most patients were pig farmers. Clinically undetected Nipah infection was noted in 10 (6%) of 166...
Bright eyed and bushy tailed
Contributor(s):: Hofve, Jean
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Social provisions of the human-animal relationship amongst 30 people living with HIV in Australia
Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.
Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...
Commentary on "Pandemic human viruses cause decline in endangered great apes", by Köndgen et al., 2008, Current Biology 18: 260-264
Contributor(s):: Goldberg, Tony L.