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  1. The Value Chain Approach in One Health: Conceptual Framing and Focus on Present Applications and Challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Marcy Wilhelm-South, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Marisa Peyre, Pascal Bonnet, Charles Bebay, Mohammed Bengoumi, Astrid Tripodi

    The value chain (VC) is a major operational concept for socioeconomic analysis at meso level. Widely mobilized in development practice, it is still undergoing conceptual and practical refining, e.g., to take account of environmental and social sustainability. Briefly, VC refers to a system of...

  2. The Italian Agreement between the Government and the Regional Authorities: National Guidelines for AAI and Institutional Context

    | Contributor(s):: Martina Simonato, Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Daniele Benedetti, Elisabetta Finocchi Mahne, Vincenzo Ugo Santucci, Silvio Borrello, Luca Farina

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have developed considerably in the last half century, prompting various private and public realities dealing with AAI worldwide to work on and establish standards and best practice. However, AAI are still far from being regulated harmoniously. In this context,...

  3. Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?

    | Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....

  4. Beyond One Health—Zoological Medicine in the Anthropocene

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Walzer

    In contrast to some of the well-established core disciplines of veterinary medicine, such as radiology, surgery, and internal medicine, zoological medicine is often perceived as a relatively recent development. However, as early as 1831, local veterinary practitioner Charles Spooner became the...

  5. Toward Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies: Experiences from Implementing a Large-scale Demonstration Project in Southern Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Emmanuel Abraham Mpolya, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Rebecca Mancy, Eberhard M. Mbunda, Selemani Makungu, Matthew Maziku, Lwitiko Sikana, Gurdeep Jaswant, Sunny Townsend, François-Xavier Meslin, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Chanasa Ngeleja, Joel Changalucha, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Geofrey Mchau, Kristyna Rysava, Alphoncina Nanai, Rudovick Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson

    A Rabies Elimination Demonstration Project was implemented in Tanzania from 2010 through to 2015, bringing together government ministries from the health and veterinary sectors, the World Health Organization, and national and international research institutions. Detailed data on mass dog...

  6. Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program

    | Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia

    A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...

  7. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    | Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...

  8. Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    | Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag

    Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...

  9. A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health

    | Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg

    Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...

  10. Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths by 2030: Needs Assessment and Alternatives for Progress Based on Dog Vaccination

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan M. Wallace, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jesse D. Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka

    Background: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could...

  11. Preparedness and disaster response training for veterinary students

    | Contributor(s):: Dianne Dunning

    Background: The nation's veterinary colleges lack curricula necessary to meet veterinary demands for animal public health and emergency preparedness. A One Health (OH) perspective, which is a collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to promote the optimal health of people, animals, and...

  12. Gastrointestinal parasite risk in dog parks in the Lisbon area

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Maria Nogueira Ferreira

    Dog parks may pose a risk for the transmission of parasitic zoonotic agents via the faeces and soil contact. This is the first study to investigate gastrointestinal infections in park-attending dogs in Lisbon. The research was carried out under the frame of a field study including both...

  13. Willingness to Consult a Veterinarian on Physician's Advice for Zoonotic Diseases: A Formal Role for Veterinarians in Medicine?

    | Contributor(s):: Rick Speare, Diana Mendez, Jenni Judd, Simon Reid, Saul Tzipori, Peter D Massey

    Physicians appear to find zoonotic diseases a challenge and consider that this topic belongs more to the veterinary profession. However, veterinarians have no formal role in clinical medicine. Data were collected as part of the Queensland Social Survey 2014 to determine the willingness of the...

  14. The One Health Approach to Emerging Infectious Diseases: Ebola and the Animal Health Perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Rebecca K. Gordon

    The fundamental basis for the One Health concept is rooted in the interconnectedness of animal, human, and environmental health. Because of these complex linkages, supporters of One Health advocate that effective solutions to public health challenges require multi-disciplinary communication,...

  15. One Health Solutions to Obesity in People and Their Pets

    | Contributor(s):: J. Bartges, R. F. Kushner, K. E. Michel, R. Sallis, M. J. Day

    Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the human and companion animal populations, and the global trends for increasing numbers of affected people and pets, there are few successful interventions that are proven to combat this complex multifactorial problem.One key strategy...

  16. Obesity and Associated Comorbidities in People and Companion Animals: A One Health Perspective

    | Contributor(s):: M. Chandler, S. Cunningham, E. M. Lund, C. Khanna, R. Naramore, A. Patel, M. J. Day

    This article reviews the biology, prevalence and risks for obesity in people and companion dogs and cats, and explores the links between obesity and diabetes mellitus and cancer across these species. Obesity is a major healthcare problem in both human and veterinary medicine and there is an...

  17. Connection between Human and Animal Health

    | Contributor(s):: Catarina Lavrador, Sherry Stine Collawn (editor)

    The strong connection between human and animal health. How far can we go with the One Health approach? The Zoobiquity revelation.

  18. Hunters' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice towards Wildlife Disease in Ohio

    | Contributor(s):: Pallavi Oruganti

     Ethnographic research is critical to understanding the human dimensions of wildlife diseases and management, as it allows us to understand the potential social contributors of disease transmission in specific populations. Hunters play a significant role in the ecology of wildlife disease...

  19. One Health Knowledge Assessment, Curriculum Development, and Evaluation for Middle School Students

    | Contributor(s):: Kimathi Choma

    The One Health concept is of critical importance to public health. The One Health concept promotes awareness and understanding of the interconnections among human, animal and environmental health. This study was designed to target middle school students in order to promote the One Health concept...

  20. Infectious disease research and one health education programs

    | Contributor(s):: Beth A. Montelone

    One Health refers to the interconnected nature of the health and well-being of people, animals and the environments that they share. Central to this idea, is the realization that adverse health-effects in one area are linked to adverse effects in other area. Therefore, sustainable human health...