Modeling The Zoonotic Transmission Dynamics Of Nipah Virus: Implications For Outbreak Control And Model-Guided Fieldwork
Contributor(s):: Natasha Wenzel
Introduction: Nipah virus is considered a biosafety level-4 pathogen that is endemic to bats of the genus Pteropus. Infection in humans presents clinically as febrile encephalitis with an extremely high case-fatality rate (78.2%). Outbreaks of Nipah virus infection have occurred in Bangladesh and...
Anticipating the Outbreak of Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Related to Animal Industry
Contributor(s):: R.D. W. Bagja
Keeping and using animals and animal products is an age-old recognition. There are many reasons to own animals and some are as follows: 1. The Animal products are rich sources of essential protein needed by human being so they are farmed for meat or other animal products. 2. The animals which...
Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake
Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...
Rabies in Iowa
Contributor(s):: Bernie Napolski
Iowa has one of the highest rates of rabies outbreaks in the country and there is very little the state legislature can do about it. To deal with rabies effectively, the state would have to get to the source of the major portion of rabies cases in Iowa - the skunk.
Animal disease and human trauma: the psychosocial implications of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease disaster
Contributor(s):: Mort, M., Baxter, J., Bailey, C., Convery, I.
The 2001 UK foot and mouth disease (FMD) crisis is commonly understood to have been a nonhuman animal problem, an economic industrial crisis that was resolved after eradication. By using a different lens, a longitudinal ethnographic study of the health and social consequences of the epidemic, the...
Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters
Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.
From April 29 to May 1, 2007, the University of Guelph hosted a symposium, Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters, with the objectives (a) of raising awareness about how nonhuman animals and the people who care for them are affected during emergencies and (b)...
Special welfare concerns in countries dependent on live animal trade: the real foreign animal disease emergency for Canada
Contributor(s):: Whiting, T. L.
Any outbreak of an Office International des Epizooties trade-disrupting (previously List-A) disease, such as classical swine fever or foot and mouth disease in a previously disease-free region can have severe consequences for nonhuman animal welfare. In addition to animals destroyed for the...
The impact of epizootics on livelihoods
Contributor(s):: Heath, S. E.
Epizootics (nonhuman animal disease epidemics) can have detrimental impacts on livelihoods through a complex interaction of demographic trends, food production, and animal disease. Differences in the rate of demographic shifts, including rates of population growth, economic growth, urbanization,...
Welfare assessments based on lifetime health and production data in Danish dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Sandoe, P., Thomsen, P. T.
The objective of this study was to describe how information about the whole lifetime of the cow can be used when defining nonhuman animal-based criteria of the welfare of animals on the farm. Often measured over a short period, disease occurrence provides information relevant for assessing the...
Why should we care about nonhuman animals during times of crisis?
Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C., Stokes, T.
Incentives to care for nonhuman animals derive in part from the extent to which people depend on animals for food, for livelihood, and for cultural and psychological reasons as well as from the duty to protect animals in their care. When attention is turned to solving and preventing animal...
Tail biting behaviour and tail damage in pigs and the relationship with general behaviour: predicting the inevitable?
Contributor(s):: Ursinus, W. W., Reenen, C. G. van, Kemp, B., Bolhuis, J. E.
Tail biting behaviour in pigs is a common problem in conventional housing systems. Our study examined the consistency over time in tail biting and tail damage and it explored the predictive value of general behaviours observed in individual pigs and in pens as a whole. Pigs ( n=480), reared in...
Zoonoses: Animal to human diseases
Contributor(s):: E. Fevre, D. Grace
This resource is a media briefing regarding the control of zoonotic diseases, the Bird Flu outbreak in China, and the connection between urban agriculture and human health.
Stress measures in tail biters and bitten pigs in a matched case-control study
Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Brunberg, E., Heinonen, M., Keeling, L., Valros, A.
The welfare of laying hens in conventional cages and alternative systems: first steps towards a quantitative comparison
Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Cowling, A.
The need for monitoring farm animal welfare during mass killing for disease eradication purposes
Contributor(s):: Berg, C.
Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs
Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.
Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...
A version of chickens to various lethal gas mixtures
Contributor(s):: Sandilands, V., Raj, A. B. M., Baker, L., Sparks, N. H. C.
In the event of a notifiable disease outbreak, poultry may need to be culled in situ. This should be performed swiftly and humanely to prevent further spread of the pathogen while preserving the welfare of the animals prior to death. Here, we examined the aversion of broiler chicks (Gallus...
Rope test may indicate efficacy of tail-biting treatments in growing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.
Tail biting is a most serious welfare problem in pigs raised for slaughter. In instances of an outbreak of tail biting, scientists have recommended that farmers take measures such as removal of affected animals, provision of enrichment materials and application of repellents to the pigs' tails....