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IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK ANIMAL DISEASE OUTBREAKS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE: A STUDY FOCUSING ON THE CURRENT FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE AND MAD COW DISEASE CRISES
Contributor(s):: Carolyn A Schwarz
Ten years elapsed from the time the first case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly referred to as "mad cow disease,"' was discovered in Great Britain, until researchers confirmed that BSE was responsible for many human deaths
Potential role of wildlife in pathogenic contamination of fresh produce
Contributor(s):: Langholz, Jeff A., Jay-Russell, Michele T.
Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake
Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...
Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods
Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.
Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...
Rabies in Iowa
Contributor(s):: Bernie Napolski
Iowa has one of the highest rates of rabies outbreaks in the country and there is very little the state legislature can do about it. To deal with rabies effectively, the state would have to get to the source of the major portion of rabies cases in Iowa - the skunk.
Will a hiding box provide stress reduction for shelter cats?
Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Godijn, L. M., Leij, W. J. R. van der
Domestic cats ( Felis sylvestris catus) can experience serious stress in shelters. Stressful experiences can have a major impact on the cats' welfare and may cause higher incidences of infectious diseases in the shelters due to raised cortisol levels causing immunodeficiency. Though several...
Why should we care about nonhuman animals during times of crisis?
Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C., Stokes, T.
Incentives to care for nonhuman animals derive in part from the extent to which people depend on animals for food, for livelihood, and for cultural and psychological reasons as well as from the duty to protect animals in their care. When attention is turned to solving and preventing animal...
The impact of epizootics on livelihoods
Contributor(s):: Heath, S. E.
Epizootics (nonhuman animal disease epidemics) can have detrimental impacts on livelihoods through a complex interaction of demographic trends, food production, and animal disease. Differences in the rate of demographic shifts, including rates of population growth, economic growth, urbanization,...
Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters
Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.
From April 29 to May 1, 2007, the University of Guelph hosted a symposium, Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters, with the objectives (a) of raising awareness about how nonhuman animals and the people who care for them are affected during emergencies and (b)...
Animal disease and human trauma: the psychosocial implications of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease disaster
Contributor(s):: Mort, M., Baxter, J., Bailey, C., Convery, I.
The 2001 UK foot and mouth disease (FMD) crisis is commonly understood to have been a nonhuman animal problem, an economic industrial crisis that was resolved after eradication. By using a different lens, a longitudinal ethnographic study of the health and social consequences of the epidemic, the...
Special welfare concerns in countries dependent on live animal trade: the real foreign animal disease emergency for Canada
Contributor(s):: Whiting, T. L.
Any outbreak of an Office International des Epizooties trade-disrupting (previously List-A) disease, such as classical swine fever or foot and mouth disease in a previously disease-free region can have severe consequences for nonhuman animal welfare. In addition to animals destroyed for the...
Welfare assessments based on lifetime health and production data in Danish dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Sandoe, P., Thomsen, P. T.
The objective of this study was to describe how information about the whole lifetime of the cow can be used when defining nonhuman animal-based criteria of the welfare of animals on the farm. Often measured over a short period, disease occurrence provides information relevant for assessing the...
Tail biting behaviour and tail damage in pigs and the relationship with general behaviour: predicting the inevitable?
Contributor(s):: Ursinus, W. W., Reenen, C. G. van, Kemp, B., Bolhuis, J. E.
Tail biting behaviour in pigs is a common problem in conventional housing systems. Our study examined the consistency over time in tail biting and tail damage and it explored the predictive value of general behaviours observed in individual pigs and in pens as a whole. Pigs ( n=480), reared in...
The welfare of laying hens in conventional cages and alternative systems: first steps towards a quantitative comparison
Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Cowling, A.
Stress measures in tail biters and bitten pigs in a matched case-control study
Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Brunberg, E., Heinonen, M., Keeling, L., Valros, A.
An evaluation of dog-assisted therapy for residents of aged care facilities with dementia
Contributor(s):: Travers, C., Perkins, J., Rand, J., Bartlett, H., Morton, J.
Mounting behaviour in finishing pigs: stable individual differences are not due to dominance or stage of sexual development
Contributor(s):: Hintze, S., Scott, D., Turner, S., Meddle, S. L., D'Eath, R. B.
Infectious diseases associated with relation between humans and wildlife - consideration on wild bird mortality and bird-feeding
Contributor(s):: Fukui, D.
The need for monitoring farm animal welfare during mass killing for disease eradication purposes
Contributor(s):: Berg, C.
Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks
Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.
Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...