A longitudinal study of the effects of providing straw at different stages of life on tail-biting and other behaviour in commercially housed pigs
Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Mendl, M.
Tail-biting (TB) is a welfare concern. Recent studies indicate that early provision of straw may help prevent TB, however, many of these studies were carried out on small groups of pigs and may have limited applicability to commercial farms. The effect of providing straw at different stages of...
A version of chickens to various lethal gas mixtures
Contributor(s):: Sandilands, V., Raj, A. B. M., Baker, L., Sparks, N. H. C.
In the event of a notifiable disease outbreak, poultry may need to be culled in situ. This should be performed swiftly and humanely to prevent further spread of the pathogen while preserving the welfare of the animals prior to death. Here, we examined the aversion of broiler chicks (Gallus...
An evaluation of dog-assisted therapy for residents of aged care facilities with dementia
Contributor(s):: Travers, C., Perkins, J., Rand, J., Bartlett, H., Morton, J.
Animal disease and human trauma: the psychosocial implications of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease disaster
Contributor(s):: Mort, M., Baxter, J., Bailey, C., Convery, I.
The 2001 UK foot and mouth disease (FMD) crisis is commonly understood to have been a nonhuman animal problem, an economic industrial crisis that was resolved after eradication. By using a different lens, a longitudinal ethnographic study of the health and social consequences of the epidemic, the...
Anticipating the Outbreak of Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Related to Animal Industry
Contributor(s):: R.D. W. Bagja
Keeping and using animals and animal products is an age-old recognition. There are many reasons to own animals and some are as follows: 1. The Animal products are rich sources of essential protein needed by human being so they are farmed for meat or other animal products. 2. The animals which...
Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters
Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.
From April 29 to May 1, 2007, the University of Guelph hosted a symposium, Caring During Crisis: Animal Welfare During Pandemics and Natural Disasters, with the objectives (a) of raising awareness about how nonhuman animals and the people who care for them are affected during emergencies and (b)...
Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake
Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.
Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...
Dog behaviour on walks and the effect of use of the leash
Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Christley, R. M., Pinchbeck, G. L., Gaskell, R. M., Dawson, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
This paper describes how often pet dogs interact with other dogs, people and the environment, whilst being walked. Such interactions may involve aggression or the transmission of infectious disease. We also assessed the effect of the use of a leash as a modifier of these outcomes. In study one,...
Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs
Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.
Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...
IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK ANIMAL DISEASE OUTBREAKS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE: A STUDY FOCUSING ON THE CURRENT FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE AND MAD COW DISEASE CRISES
Contributor(s):: Carolyn A Schwarz
Ten years elapsed from the time the first case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly referred to as "mad cow disease,"' was discovered in Great Britain, until researchers confirmed that BSE was responsible for many human deaths
Infectious diseases associated with relation between humans and wildlife - consideration on wild bird mortality and bird-feeding
Contributor(s):: Fukui, D.
Modeling The Zoonotic Transmission Dynamics Of Nipah Virus: Implications For Outbreak Control And Model-Guided Fieldwork
Contributor(s):: Natasha Wenzel
Introduction: Nipah virus is considered a biosafety level-4 pathogen that is endemic to bats of the genus Pteropus. Infection in humans presents clinically as febrile encephalitis with an extremely high case-fatality rate (78.2%). Outbreaks of Nipah virus infection have occurred in Bangladesh and...
Mounting behaviour in finishing pigs: stable individual differences are not due to dominance or stage of sexual development
Contributor(s):: Hintze, S., Scott, D., Turner, S., Meddle, S. L., D'Eath, R. B.
Potential role of wildlife in pathogenic contamination of fresh produce
Contributor(s):: Langholz, Jeff A., Jay-Russell, Michele T.
Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks
Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.
Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...
Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods
Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.
Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...
Rabies in Iowa
Contributor(s):: Bernie Napolski
Iowa has one of the highest rates of rabies outbreaks in the country and there is very little the state legislature can do about it. To deal with rabies effectively, the state would have to get to the source of the major portion of rabies cases in Iowa - the skunk.
Rope test may indicate efficacy of tail-biting treatments in growing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.
Tail biting is a most serious welfare problem in pigs raised for slaughter. In instances of an outbreak of tail biting, scientists have recommended that farmers take measures such as removal of affected animals, provision of enrichment materials and application of repellents to the pigs' tails....
Special welfare concerns in countries dependent on live animal trade: the real foreign animal disease emergency for Canada
Contributor(s):: Whiting, T. L.
Any outbreak of an Office International des Epizooties trade-disrupting (previously List-A) disease, such as classical swine fever or foot and mouth disease in a previously disease-free region can have severe consequences for nonhuman animal welfare. In addition to animals destroyed for the...