Review of PARASITOLOGY: Parasites of North American freshwater fishes
Contributor(s):: Brother George Paul
This book is intended to serve as a manual for aiding in the identification of the freshwater fish parasites of North America. To this end an extensive key is given for each of the biological groups that have a notable number of fish parasites. In addition to this, there are sections devoted to...
Eastern bluebirds eject brown-headed cowbird eggs
Contributor(s):: Brian D . Peer, Lyndon R. Hawkins, Edwin P. Steinke, Patricia Blair Bollinger, Eric K. Bollinger
The relationship between the Brownheaded Cowbird (Molothrus ater) and its cavitynesting hosts has received little attention because of the assumption that cowbirds rarely parasitize these hosts. We tested the Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis), a host that is sometimes heavily parasitized by...
The welfare of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo T): a review on the housing and management of pet ferrets
Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Schoemaker, N. J.
Ectoparasites of dogs belonging to people in resource-poor communities in North West Province, South Africa
Contributor(s):: Bryson, N. R., Horak, I. G., Hohn, E. W., Louw, J. P.
Isolation of Microsporum canis from the hair coat of pet dogs and cats belonging to owners diagnosed with M. canis tinea corporis
Contributor(s):: Cafarchia, C., Romito, D., Capelli, G., Guillot, J., Otranto, D.
Microsporum canis has been frequently isolated from human cases of tinea capitis and tinea corporis. The infection may be acquired from infected animals with cutaneous lesions but also from asymptomatic carriers or from the environment. As asymptomatic M. canis carriers are considered to be a...
The effect of owning animals on perceived vulnerability to, and avoidance of, parasitic diseases in humans
Contributor(s):: Prokop, Pavol, Fan?ovi?ová, Jana
Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems
Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.
The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...
Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control
Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.
This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...
Issues associated with research on sheep parasite control in New Zealand - a descriptive ethic
In common with much of the English-speaking world, New Zealanders generally oppose the use of animal experimentation where there is no demonstrable and immediate benefit for human, animal, or environmental health. Intrusive experiments on sheep internal and external parasites published between...
Altered aggression in different sized groups of crayfish supports a dynamic social behaviour model
Contributor(s):: Patullo, B. W., Baird, H. P., Macmillan, D. L.
Living in groups with conspecifics can increase an animal's fitness in the wild. A social environment may also be imposed by commercial farming industries. One important measure of competition and group dynamics is the level of aggressive interaction. This can also influence the level of damage...
Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.
This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...
Suffering in diseased pigs as expressed by behavioural, clinical and clinical-chemical traits, in a well defined parasite model. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Reiner, G., Hubner, K., Hepp, S.
In assessing the quality of life of farm animals, the absence of disease has been given highest priority. During the course of infection, sickness and suffering refer to a coordinated set of behavioural and physiological changes. For a better understanding and assessment of animal suffering due...
A note on measurement of injection aversiveness
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T., Maxwell, K., Lanier, J.
The behavior of cattle during an injection of doramectin 1% injectable solution or ivermectin 1% injectable solution in an attempt to measure small differences in aversiveness in 61 red Angus-cross, 2-year-old heifers. Each animal was held in a squeeze chute and given a 9 ml s.c. injection of...
Effect of infestation with Psoroptes ovis on the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of housed sheep
Contributor(s):: Berriatua, E., French, N. P., Broster, C. E., Morgan, K. L., Wall, R.
The relationship between Psoroptes ovis infestation and the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of sheep was examined as part of a longitudinal study of sheep scab. A total of 40 non-infested, scab-naive sheep were divided into six groups of between 6 and 20 individuals and each group was...
Grooming and control of fleas in cats
Contributor(s):: Eckstein, R. A., Hart, B. L.
Oral grooming is common in cats, as in rodent and bovid species where grooming has been shown to be effective in removing lice and ticks. In Experiment 1, we examined the effectiveness of oral grooming in removing fleas which are the main ectoparasite of cats. Elizabethan collars (E-collars)...
Intake and selection for white clover by grazing lambs in response to gastrointestinal parasitism
Contributor(s):: Cosgrove, G. P., Niezen, J. H.
A study was conducted at Palmerston North, New Zealand to determine if lambs grazing at pasture would enhance their nutrient intake in response to parasitism, by selecting more white clover from a mixed grass-clover pasture. The trial used a split-plot design with two grass-clover mixtures as...
Strategies for the avoidance of faeces by grazing sheep
Contributor(s):: Cooper, J., Gordon, I. J., Pike, A. W.
Experiments were conducted to investigate which environmental cues were used by sheep when discriminating against patches of pasture contaminated with faeces. The influence of the spatial distribution of contaminated patches and the parasite infection status of sheep on avoidance of contaminated...
Toxocara and asthma
| Contributor(s):: Elena Pinelli, Irma Van Die, Jan Dormans, C. V. Holland (editor), H. V. Smith (editor)
The incidence of allergic diseases is increasing worldwide and although it is not clear how, several explanations, including exposure to infections, have been proposed (reviewed in Bresciani et al., 2005). Evidence from epidemiological studies suggests that infection with Toxocara worms...
An epizootic of rabies in Maryland, 1982-84
| Contributor(s):: Beck, A. M., Felser, S. R., Glickman, L. T.
Racoon rabies was first recorded in peninsular Florida in 1947 (McLean, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1971, 123, 680-81). Other states of the USA reported only sporadic cases until the 1960s when the incidence increased and it spread into mainland Florida and Georgia. Spread progressed...
Canine dirofilariasis: 547 clinical cases treated first with dithiazanine iodide then with thiacetarsamide sodium
| Contributor(s):: Garlick, N. L., Beck, A. M., Bryan, R. K.