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The care of dogs and puppies
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The companionship between man and dog has been strong for many years with proof given in the Bible, Matthew 15:27 " ... but even the dogs feed on the crumbs which fall from the master's table." Egyptians undoubtedly loved their dogs as pictures of hunting scenes with dogs...
Pit Bulls Today
Contributor(s):: Hannah Nation
The motivation for this research paper is to shed a new light on the drastic effects negative stereotypes have on breeds that are deemed aggressive in the media and public’s eye. It’s important to understand the full scope of the situation in our society and the consequences that...
Comportamento de actividade e de vocalização de borregos em pré-desmame das raças Ile de France e Churra da Terra Quente num teste individual de interacção homem-animal
Contributor(s):: Severiano Silva, José Carlos Almeida, Paulo J. Fontes, C. Castro, R. Machado, Jorge Manuel Teixeira de Azevedo
Na realização deste trabalho foram utilizados 12 borregos da raça Ile de France (IDF) e 12 borregos da raça Churra da Terra Quente (CTQ) com 104 dias de idade. Os borregos foram sujeitos a um teste que seguiu procedimento proposto por Tallet et al. (2005) e adaptado...
Mitä on alpakkaterapia : toimintaterapeutin näkökulma
Contributor(s):: Tiia Hagman
Opinnäytetyön aiheena on selventää tapaustutkimuksen avulla, mitä alpakkaterapia käytännössä on. Valmis työ luovutetaan alpakoita kasvattavan Lumotarhan käyttöön. Tutkimus suoritettiin haastattelemalla toimintaterapeutti Joyce...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
What's in a Name? Effect of Breed Perceptions & Labeling on Attractiveness, Adoptions & Length of Stay for Pit-Bull-Type Dogs
Contributor(s):: Lisa M. Gunter, Rebecca T. Barber, Clive D. L. Wynne
Previous research has indicated that certain breeds of dogs stay longer in shelters than others. However, exactly how breed perception and identification influences potential adopters' decisions remains unclear. Current dog breed identification practices in animal shelters are often based...
Risk factors for behavior problems in cats presented to an Australian companion animal behavior clinic
Contributor(s):: Agnes A Wassink-van der Schot, Cam Day, John Basham, Jacquie Rand, Clive J. C. Phillips
Behavior problems in companion animals are common reasons for relinquishment or euthanasia. Insight into the risk factors for problem behaviors will facilitate the construction of strategies for solutions. We identified risk factors for behavior problems in domestic cats whose owners contacted a...
A 'long-fuse domestication' of the horse? Tooth shape suggests explosive change in modern breeds compared to extinct populations and living Przewalski horses
Contributor(s):: Krish Seetah, Andrea Cardini, Graeme Barker
Archaeological and molecular data suggest that horses were domesticated comparatively recently, the genetic evidence indicating that this was from several maternal haplotypes but only a single paternal one. However, although central to our understanding of how humans and environmental conditions...
Horse breeds and their uses
Contributor(s):: Hanin G. Alghamdi
Horses are important animals to human beings. For a long time, horses have been companions for humans. They have been a symbol of power, affluence, authority, and might. It has been reported that humans began the process of domesticating horses around the year 4000 BCE. Since then, humans have...
An exploratory analysis of the emergence and implications of breed specific legislation: Knee-jerk reaction or warranted response?
Contributor(s):: Niki Rae Huitson
The main objective of this thesis was to survey and critically analyze the increased attention and call for legislation addressing "dangerous dogs" and, more generally, animal control in urban landscapes. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL), the banning or restricting of the ownership of...
Puppy temperament assessments predict breed and American Kennel Club group but not adult temperament
Contributor(s):: Robinson, L. M., Thompson, R. S., Ha, J. C.
Puppy assessments for companion dogs have shown mixed long-term reliability. Temperament is cited among the reasons for surrendering dogs to shelters. A puppy temperament test that reliably predicts adult behavior is one potential way to lower the number of dogs given to shelters. This study...
Reduced locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves following separation from the mother reflects their response to reduced energy intake
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Wright, R., Johnsen, J. F., Mejdell, C. M., Passille, A. M. de
Play behaviour is an indicator of good welfare in young calves and is reduced by low energy intake and weaning off milk. There is renewed interest in keeping calves longer with the cow but separation leads to signs of distress, such as vocalizations. Providing calves with an alternative milk...
Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health
Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rabeyrin, M., Rushen, J.
We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Manifestation of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in Australian Merino sheep: observations on altered behaviour and growth
Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Beganovic, D. F., Sutton, A. L., Palmer, D. J., Thomson, P. C., Tammen, I.
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder in children. Presently there is no effective treatment and the disorder is lethal. NCL occur in a variety of non-human species including sheep, which are recognised as valuable large animal models for NCL. This...
Can automated measures of lying time help assess lameness and leg lesions on tie-stall dairy farms?
Contributor(s):: Charlton, G. L., Bouffard, V., Gibbons, J., Vasseur, E., Haley, D. B., Pellerin, D., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
The time that dairy cows spend lying down is an important measure of their comfort and lameness and injuries to hocks and knees are associated with alterations in lying time. We examined whether automated measures of lying time could identify cows and farms with problems of lameness or leg...
Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs
Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei
Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...
Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs
Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.
This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...