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Do Lambs Perceive Regular Human Stroking as Pleasant? Behavior and Heart Rate Variability Analyses
Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Marjorie Coulon, Raymond Nowak, Julie Peyrat, Herve Chandeze, Alain Boissy, Xavier Boivin
Stroking by humans is beneficial to the human-animal relationship and improves welfare in many species that express intraspecific allogrooming, but very few studies have looked at species like sheep that do not express such contact except around parturition. This study investigated the way lambs...
Paws and Think, Inc.
Paws and Think, Inc. was founded in 2001 as a 501(c)(3) organization to bring the benefits off the human-animal bond to both people and dogs. Our Mission is Improving lives through the power of the human-dog connection. We do this through our Youth-Canine programs, helping at-risk or...
The effect of a pet's presence upon anxiety during a simulated clinical interview
| Contributor(s):: Kenneth G. Weigand
Recognizing the importance of evolutionary parallels between humans and other animals, researchers make use of animals to better the understanding of people in various fields of study, such as history, ecology, medicine, psychology, and sociology (Levinson, 1978). Boris Levinson (1962) was an...
The influence of dog ownership on objective measures of free-living physical activity and sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults: a longitudinal case-controlled study
| Contributor(s):: Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills
Background There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity....
Moving With Pets
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| Contributor(s):: Dylan Kaarlsen
When you go new places® every member of your family should be at ease. Cats, dogs and other animals are especially sensitive to moving. The secret to pet relocation is planning. Follow these pointers and ask your Atlas Agent if you have questions. This guide will help prepare you to move...
Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study
| Contributor(s):: Megan Kiely Mueller, Nancy Dreschel, Regina M. Bures
Background We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. Methods Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the...
The association between owning domestic dogs as pets and the productivity amongst college students
| Contributor(s):: Emily Gerace
In the class Research Methods in Healthcare, we explored an introduction to the different kinds of research that are commonly used in healthcare and the benefits and uses of each kind. Always having a love for dogs, I wondered whether or not they would have any association with the level of...
Raw pet food as a risk factor for shedding of extended-spectrum beta-lactamaseproducing Enterobacteriaceae in household cats
| Contributor(s):: Valérie O. Baede, Els M. Broens, Mirlin P. Spaninks, Arjen J. Timmerman, Haitske Graveland, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Birgitta Duim, Joost Hordijk
Background Close contact between pets and owners provides the opportunity for transmission of antimicrobial resistant organisms like extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC beta-lactamase (AmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, posing a risk to public health. Objectives To investigate...
Exploring the differences between pet and non-pet owners: Implications for human-animal interaction research and policy
| Contributor(s):: Jessica Saunders, Layla Parast, Susan H. Babey, Jeremy V. Miles
There is conflicting evidence about whether living with pets results in better mental and physical health outcomes, with the majority of the empirical research evidence being inconclusive due to methodological limitations. We briefly review the research evidence, including the hypothesized...
Pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children in Tianjin area, China
| Contributor(s):: Shugang Luo, Yuexia Sun, Jing Hou, Xiangrui Kong, Pan Wang, Qingnan Zhang, Jan Sundell
This study aims to find out the relationship between pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children aged 0–8 years old in Tianjin, China. Parental or guardians reports of 7360 children were analyzed. 1490 (21.6%) families kept pets at the time of the survey (current),...
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments
| Contributor(s):: Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari
Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...
The Effects of Pet Ownership on Anxiety and Depression Among Trauma-Exposed College Students
| Contributor(s):: Dung N. Nguyentran, Marlene A. Michniak, James J. Jung, Christine Q. Do
Rates of anxiety and depression are prevalent in college students and can be attributed in part to stress and trauma-related events. However, studies suggest that pet ownership has the possibility of alleviating symptoms of anxiety, depression, negative emotions, and suicide. The purpose of...
Consumer Attitude Toward the Environmental Sustainability of Grain-Free Pet Foods
| Contributor(s):: Danielle M. P. Conway, Korinn E. Saker
This study investigated consumer knowledge and attitude toward environmental sustainability, grain-free diets (GFDs), and the influence of on-site environmental sustainability education on pet owner diet choices. A two-part questionnaire was designed, bracketing an educational brochure on...
Infants' Daily Experience With Pets and Their Scanning of Animal Faces
| Contributor(s):: Karinna Hurley, Lisa M Oakes
Very little is known about the effect of pet experience on cognitive development in infancy. In Experiment 1, we document in a large sample (N = 1270) that 63% of families with infants under 12 months have at least one household pet. The potential effect on development is significant as...
Common Risk Factors for Urinary House Soiling (Periuria) in Cats and Its Differentiation: The Sensitivity and Specificity of Common Diagnostic Signs
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn (editor), Ana Maria Barcelos, Kevin McPeake, Nadja Affenzeller, Daniel Simon Mills
Urinary house soiling (periuria) in the home is a common but serious behaviour problem in cats. Although many specific risk factors and triggers have been postulated, their importance is largely unknown. This study assessed: (1) the significance of purported risk factors for periuria as well as...
Cost of Owning a Dog
This resource guide walks through a detailed outline of the financial commitment necessary to plan for a beneficial outcome for both dog and the owner(s).
Expectations for dog ownership: Perceived physical, mental and psychosocial health consequences among prospective adopters
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Debbie Chia, Paul McGreevy, Anthony L Podberscek, Kate M. Edwards, Brendon Neilly, Adam J Gustaella, Vanessa Lee, Emmanuel Stamatakis
Dog ownership is popular worldwide, with most human-dog dyads forming successful attachment bonds. However, millions of dogs are surrendered to animal shelters annually, possibly due to mismatches between owner expectations and the realities of dog ownership. The aim of the current study was to...
Did Harvey Learn from Katrina? Initial Observations of the Response to Companion Animals during Hurricane Harvey
| Contributor(s):: Steve Glassey
The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 became the genesis of animal emergency management and created significant reforms in the US particularly the passage of the Pets Emergency and Transportation Standards Act in 2006 that required state and local emergency management arrangements to be...
"Pets Negotiable": How Do the Perspectives of Landlords and Property Managers Compare with Those of Younger Tenants with Dogs?
| Contributor(s):: Taryn M. Graham, Katrina J. Milaney, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J Rock
In rental housing policy, pets are rarely considered as valued household members. Instead, landlords and property managers are often permitted to ban pets outright, or to advertise them as merely negotiable in their listings for rental housing. In fact, previous research has shown that moving...