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Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs
Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...
The companion dog as a model for human aging and mortality
Contributor(s):: jessica m hoffman, Kate E. Creevy, Alexander Franks, Dan G O'Neill, Daniel E. L. Promislow
Around the world, human populations have experienced large increases in average lifespan over the last 150 years, and while individuals are living longer, they are spending more years of life with multiple chronic morbidities. Researchers have used numerous laboratory animal models to...
Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases
| Contributor(s):: Michael J Day
The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...
CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS
| Contributor(s):: Fernando Guerrero Martinez
The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...
An empirical examination of the conceptualization of companion animals
The results provide information on the relative importance of salient attributes and thus indicate which attributes that are important to consider, for example, when analyzing human-animal interaction, animal welfare, human health and subjective-well-being, or the economic value of cats and...
Modelling personality, plasticity and predictability in shelter dogs
| Contributor(s):: Conor Goold, Ruth C. Newberry
Behavioural assessments of shelter dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) typically comprise standardized test batteries conducted at one time point, but test batteries have shown inconsistent predictive validity. Longitudinal behavioural assessments offer an alternative. We modelled longitudinal...
Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell
The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...
Dogs in classrooms? At these private schools, pets are all over the place.
| Contributor(s):: Steve Hendrix
Therapy dogs help calm people under stress
| Contributor(s):: Patricia Montemurri, L. L. Braiser
The Effects of Pet Visitation and Human Interaction on the Happiness of Retirement Home Residents
| Contributor(s):: Candace Jean Donaghy, Richard Tucker (adviser)
Determinants of the Level of Care Provided for Various Types and Sizes of Dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas
| Contributor(s):: William J. Fielding
This paper reports the level of care offered 424 dogs, classified as small dogs, large dogs, pit bulls and potcakes (the colloquial name for the local mongrel) in New Providence, The Bahamas. Levels of care that meet the legal minimum –food water and shelter– as well as care...
Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners
| Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley
In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...
I Walk My Dog Because It Makes Me Happy: A Qualitative Study to Understand Why Dogs Motivate Walking and Improved Health
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Garry Marvin, Elizabeth Perkins
Dog walking is a popular everyday physical activity. Dog owners are generally more active than non-owners, but some rarely walk with their dog. The strength of the dog–owner relationship is known to be correlated with dog walking, and this qualitative study investigates why. Twenty-six...
The Interspecies Family: Attitudes and Narratives
| Contributor(s):: Nicole Lynne Owens
Families are conceptualized and accomplished in increasingly diverse ways in the 21st century. A constructionist framework was utilized to examine a widespread contemporary family form, the interspecies family. This mixed-method approach relied on both quantitative survey data and qualitative...
Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species
| Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat
The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...
The Human-Animal Bond and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress
| Contributor(s):: Melissa White
This study explored the lived experiences of Operational Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) service members with combatrelated posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms who had a companion animal postdeployment. Twelve OEF and OIF veterans participated in...
Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being
| Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin
It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...
Assessment of Recent Cases of Animal Hoarding in Germany: The Challenge for Animal Shelters and Public Authorities
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Arnold, Henriette Mackensen, Evelyn Ofensberger, Brigitte Rusche
Animal hoarding is a severe problem in the field of human-animal interaction. The goal of this study was to assess the current situation of animal hoarding in Germany. Reports of animal hoarding cases were collected from animal shelters and public media between January 2012 and December 2015;...
Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study
| Contributor(s):: Megan Kiely Mueller, Nancy Dreschel, Regina M. Bures
Background We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. Methods Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the...