The Effects of Pet Ownership on Anxiety and Depression Among Trauma-Exposed College Students
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| Contributor(s):: Dung N. Nguyentran, Marlene A. Michniak, James J. Jung, Christine Q. Do
Rates of anxiety and depression are prevalent in college students and can be attributed in part to stress and trauma-related events. However, studies suggest that pet ownership has the possibility of alleviating symptoms of anxiety, depression, negative emotions, and suicide. The purpose of...
Pilot Study on Pet Therapy and Quality of Life
| Contributor(s):: Kathy L. VanVoorhis
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines quality of life (QOL) as an individual’s perception of his or her position in life in the context of their culture and value systems in relation to their goals and expectations. The goal of this pilot study was to determine how pet therapy can...
Consumer Attitude Toward the Environmental Sustainability of Grain-Free Pet Foods
| Contributor(s):: Danielle M. P. Conway, Korinn E. Saker
This study investigated consumer knowledge and attitude toward environmental sustainability, grain-free diets (GFDs), and the influence of on-site environmental sustainability education on pet owner diet choices. A two-part questionnaire was designed, bracketing an educational brochure on...
Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
| Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean
Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...
High Mobility Group Box-1 and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Are Increased in Dogs After Trauma but Do Not Predict Survival
| Contributor(s):: Robert Goggs, Jo-Annie Letendre
Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains challenging to predict the prognosis of dogs with traumatic injuries. This study aimed to quantify plasma high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) and cytokine concentrations in dogs with moderate-to-severe...
Concentrations of Plasma Nucleosomes but Not Cell-Free DNA Are Prognostic in Dogs Following Trauma
| Contributor(s):: Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs
Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains a challenge to assess prognosis in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the use of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and nucleosome concentrations as prognostic biomarkers in canine trauma. Using a...
Effects of Edible Treats Containing Ascophyllum nodosum on the Oral Health of Dogs: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Single-Center Study
| Contributor(s):: Jerzy Gawor, Michał Jank, Katarzyna Jodkowska, Emilia Klim, Ulla K. Svensson
The objective of this placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study (designed according to evidence based medicine standards) was to determine the effect of 90-day administration of edible treats containing the brown algae, Ascophyllum nodosum, on plaque and dental calculus...
A survey of the impact of owning a service dog on quality of life for individuals with physical and hearing disability: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Hall, S. S., Turner, A., MacMichael, J., Mills, D. S.
Humanizing the Animal, Animalizing the Human: Husserl on Pets
| Contributor(s):: Ferencz-flatz, Christian
Transformative Relationships: Humans and Animals
| Contributor(s):: Clarke, P. N.
Preface: The contribution of animals to human welfare
| Contributor(s):: Eloit, M.
2018Rev Sci Tech3719-140253-1933 (Print)0253-193310.20506/rst.37.1.2736engfrespatext
Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments
| Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman
Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...
Editorial: Children and Companion Animals: Psychosocial, Medical and Neurobiological Implications
| Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, lynette arnason hart, Brinda Inida Jegatheesan, Naoko Koda
This Research Topic presents experiences with companion animals provided to children in varied settings. Methods include monitoring of the ongoing interaction of children with companion animals, or conducting interviews or surveys, as well as experimental interventions where changes occurring...
Behavior Differences Between Search-and-Rescue and Pet Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Hare, Kathleen M. Kelsey, James A. Serpell, Cynthia M. Otto
Behavioral traits such as trainability, fearlessness, and energy are required for dogs to succeed as search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs. Certification by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) ensures that dogs and handlers have extensive training and have demonstrated specific skills in the...
Common Risk Factors for Urinary House Soiling (Periuria) in Cats and Its Differentiation: The Sensitivity and Specificity of Common Diagnostic Signs
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn (editor), Ana Maria Barcelos, Kevin McPeake, Nadja Affenzeller, Daniel Simon Mills
Urinary house soiling (periuria) in the home is a common but serious behaviour problem in cats. Although many specific risk factors and triggers have been postulated, their importance is largely unknown. This study assessed: (1) the significance of purported risk factors for periuria as well as...
Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison
| Contributor(s):: Locksley L. McV. Messam, Philip H. Kass, Bruon B. Chomel, lynette arnason hart
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...
Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions
| Contributor(s):: Bence Varga, Anna Gergely, Agoston Galambos, Anna Kis
It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...
Dog Ecology and Rabies Knowledge of Owners and Non-Owners in Sanur, A Sub-District of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali
| Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Kadek Karang Agustina, Kate Nattras Atema, Gusti Ngurah Bagus, Janice Girardi, Mike Harfoot, Yacinta Haryono, Lex Hiby, Hendra Irawan, Levin Kalalo, Sang Gede Purnama, I. Made Subrata, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Wayan Utami, Pande Putu Januraga, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan
That rabies can be managed humanely using vaccination is well accepted. However, making sure enough dogs in the population are vaccinated and therefore able to fight off the virus can be challenging. Getting owners to be more responsible for their dogs should help keep the proportion of...
Infectious Disease Prevalence and Factors Associated with Upper Respiratory Infection in Cats Following Relocation
| Contributor(s):: Mehnaz Aziz, Stephanie Janeczko, Maya Gupta
Relocation of cats and kittens is a relatively new practice in animal welfare. It is one of the many tools used by animal welfare agencies to decrease shelter euthanasia rates across the country. However, there are few and sometimes conflicting guidelines for either minimum standards or best...
Expectations for dog ownership: Perceived physical, mental and psychosocial health consequences among prospective adopters
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Debbie Chia, Paul McGreevy, Anthony L Podberscek, Kate M. Edwards, Brendon Neilly, Adam J Gustaella, Vanessa Lee, Emmanuel Stamatakis
Dog ownership is popular worldwide, with most human-dog dyads forming successful attachment bonds. However, millions of dogs are surrendered to animal shelters annually, possibly due to mismatches between owner expectations and the realities of dog ownership. The aim of the current study was to...