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METHODS FOR MULTISPECIES ANTHROPOLOGY: Thinking with Salmon Otoliths and Scales
Contributor(s):: Swanson, Heather Anne
10,000 YEARS OF PASTORALISM IN ANATOLIA: A REVIEW OF EVIDENCE FOR VARIABILITY IN PASTORAL LIFEWAYS
Contributor(s):: Hammer, Emily Louise, Arbuckle, Benjamin S.
[1st experiences with therapeutic horseback riding in a psychiatric hospital]
Contributor(s):: Moll, J.
Efficacy of Blunt Force Trauma, a Novel Mechanical Cervical Dislocation Device, and a Non-Penetrating Captive Bolt Device for On-Farm Euthanasia of Pre-Weaned Kits, Growers, and Adult Commercial Meat Rabbits
Contributor(s):: Jessica L. Walsh, Aaron Percival, Patricia V. Turner
Developing effective and humane on-farm euthanasia methods is essential for all livestock industries to ensure that animals do not suffer and are killed humanely. Approved methods are lacking for commercial meat rabbits, potentially leading to poor welfare. We assessed several methods of on-farm...
A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates
Contributor(s):: Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.
The success of breeding primates in captivity has led to a surplus number of animals in collections. This review examines published journals and key books to investigate the various methods of primate population control. Hormonal, surgical and separation methods are discussed and evaluated with...
The progress in nutrition research of musk deer: implication for conservation
Contributor(s):: Wang, WenXia, Zhou, Ran, He, Lan, Liu, ShuQiang, Zhou, JunTong, Qi, Lei, Li, LinHai, Hu, DeFu
Musk deer ( Moschus spp.) are small forest ungulates that are unique to Asia and are mainly distributed in China. In the last 30 years, because of indiscriminate trapping, hunting, and killing of the musk deer for musk and the loss of suitable habitat due to deforestation, the distribution and...
Assessing companion dog behavior in a social setting
Contributor(s):: Roth, Lina S. V., Jensen, Per
Pets, child development, and mental illness
Contributor(s):: Levinson, B. M.
Evidence of horsemanship and dogmanship and their application in veterinary contexts
Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Boot, M., Starling, M., Henshall, C., McLean, A., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.
Using a dog's superior olfactory sensitivity to identify Clostridium difficile in stools and patients: proof of principle study
Contributor(s):: Bomers, Marije K., Van Agtmael, Michiel A., Luik, Hotsche, Van Veen, Merk C., Vandenbroucke-Grauls, Christina M. J. E., Smulders, Yvo M.
Archaeofaunal signatures of specialized bowhead whaling in the Western Canadian Arctic: a regional study
Contributor(s):: Betts, Matthew W., Friesen, T. Max
Horse sacrifice in a Pazyryk culture kurgan: the princely tomb of Berel'(Kazakhstan). Selection criteria and slaughter procedures
Contributor(s):: Lepetz, Sebastien
A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs
Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P. C.
Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community...
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum
Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.
Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...
Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): a factor to consider during welfare assessment
Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Liminana, R., Mauri, M.
Elevated glucocorticoid levels during an extended time period might be a stress indicator in nonhuman animals. Therefore, knowledge of the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is very important to correctly interpret data obtained for welfare assessment of animals in captivity through salivary...
Humane killing of nonhuman animals for disease control purposes
Contributor(s):: Raj, M.
Reports and guidelines produced by international institutions such as the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, 2005) describe various methods of killing nonhuman animals. Selection and implementation of a killing method may involve several factors. Preventing or minimizing risk to human...
Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment
Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.
This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...
Influence of cinnamon and catnip on the stereotypical pacing of oncilla cats ( Leopardus tigrinus ) in captivity
Contributor(s):: Resende, L. de S., Gomes, K. C. P., Andriolo, A., Genaro, G., Remy, G. L., Ramos Junior, V. de A.
Nonhuman animals in captivity can experience environmental privation that results in their exhibiting abnormal behaviors. Environmental enrichment techniques can help improve their welfare. This study investigated the behavior of 8 zoo-housed oncilla cats (Leopardus tigrinus) in response to 2...
Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?
Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.
Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...