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  1. Potential Role of Pet Cats As a Sentinel Species for Human Exposure to Flame Retardants

    Contributor(s):: Luis A. Henríquez-Hernández, Elena Carretón, María Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Luis D. Boada, Verónica Bernal Martín, Yaiza Falcón Cordón, Soraya Falcón Cordón, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P. Luzardo

    Flame retardants are a wide group of chemicals used by the industry to avoid combustion of materials. These substances are commonly found in plastics, electronic equipment, fabrics, and in many other everyday articles. Subsequently, ubiquitous environmental contamination by these common chemical...

  2. The impact of streetlights on an aquatic invasive species: artificial light at night alters signal crayfish behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Thomas, J. R., James, J., Newman, R. C., Riley, W. D., Griffiths, S. W., Cable, J.

    Artificial light at night (ALAN) can significantly alter the behaviour, communication and orientation of animals, and will potentially interact with other stressors to affect biodiversity. Invasive, non-native species are one of the largest threats to freshwater biodiversity; however, the impact...

  3. Cuttlefish in captivity: an investigation into housing and husbandry for improving welfare

    Contributor(s):: Tonkins, B. M., Tyers, A. M., Cooke, G. M.

    The European cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis) is often kept in public aquaria, is becoming more common in aquaculture, and is also the most frequently used cephalopod in European research. Since 1st January 2013, all cephalopods ( Mollusca) have been protected under UK/EU law (A(SP)A 1986,...

  4. Willed blindness: a discussion of our moral shortcomings in relation to animals

    Contributor(s):: Gjerris, M.

    This article describes how we seem to live in a willed blindness towards the effects that our meat production and consumption have on animals, the environment and the climate. A willed blindness that cannot be explained by either lack of knowledge or scientific uncertainty. The blindness enables...

  5. Muck and magic: cultural transformations in the world of farm animal veterinary surgeons

    Contributor(s):: Hamilton, Lindsay

  6. The Vesp folk classification of the animal world: an attempt on its reconstruction

    Contributor(s):: Vinokurova, I. Iu

  7. Environmental ethics for social work: Social work's responsibility to the non-human world

    Contributor(s):: Gray, Mel, Coates, John

  8. An Alternative Approach for Investigating the Carcinogenicity of Indoor Air Pollution: Pets as Sentinels of Environmental Cancer Risk

    Contributor(s):: John A. Bukowski, Daniel Wartenberg

    Traditionally, the cancer risks associated with radon, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and similar indoor residential exposures have been evaluated through either laboratory experiments in rodents or epidemiology studies in people. Laboratory studies have the advantage of being controlled...

  9. A survey of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ) and gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) in the selectively logged Ngotto Forest, Central African Republic

    Contributor(s):: Hicks, T. C., Fouts, R. S., Fouts, D. H.

    Currently, the timber company Industrie Forestiere du Batalimo is selectively logging the Ngotto Forest in the Central African Republic. The forest is home to a population of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and provides the Bofi-speaking people of...

  10. Zoo visitor effect on mammal behaviour: does noise matter?

    Contributor(s):: Quadros, S., Goulart, V. D. L., Passos, L., Vecci, M. A. M., Young, R. J.

    The zoo visitor effect is the change in animal behaviour and physiology in response to the presence of a viewing public. It is thought to result from, amongst other things, visitor generated sound (i.e., noise), but this hypothesis has never been explicitly tested. We tested this hypothesis...

  11. Behaviour of laboratory mice is altered by light pollution within the housing environment

    Contributor(s):: Bedrosian, T. A., Vaughn, C. A., Weil, Z. M., Nelson, R. J.

  12. Rating harms to wildlife: a survey showing convergence between conservation and animal welfare views

    Contributor(s):: Dubois, S., Fraser, D.

  13. Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health

    Contributor(s):: Rabinowitz, P., Conti, L.

  14. Fel d 1 and Can f 1 in settled dust and airborne Fel d 1 in allergen avoidance day-care centres for atopic children in relation to number of pet-owners, ventilation and general cleaning

    Contributor(s):: Wickman, M., Egmar, A., Emenius, G., Almqvist, C., Berglind, N., Larsson, P., Van Hage-Hamsten, M.

  15. The effect of European starlings and ambient air temperature on Salmonella enterica contamination within cattle feed bunks

    Contributor(s):: Carlson, J. C., Ellis, J. W., Tupper, S. K., Franklin, A. B., Linz, G. M.

  16. Farmers engaged in deliberative practices; An ethnographic exploration of the mosaic of concerns in livestock agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Driessen, C.

  17. Farmers' perceptions of livestock, agriculture, and natural resources in the rural Ethiopian highlands

    Contributor(s):: Tschopp, R., Aseffa, A., Schelling, E., Zinsstag, J.

    Increasing human and livestock populations in Ethiopia are leading to a growing demand for food and feed. Cereal cropping is highly prioritized at the cost of the livestock subsector and the environment. Grazing land is decreasing, leading to overstocking and overgrazing of pastures, thus...

  18. The fat of the land: linking American food overconsumption, obesity, and biodiversity loss

    Contributor(s):: Cafaro, P. J., Primack, R. B., Zimdahl, R. L.

    Americans' excessive consumption of food harms their health and quality of life and also causes direct and indirect environmental degradation, through habitat loss and increased pollution from agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. We show here that reducing food consumption (and eating less...

  19. Intensive livestock farming: global trends, increased environmental concerns, and ethical solutions

    Contributor(s):: Ilea, R. C.

    By 2050, global livestock production is expected to double - growing faster than any other agricultural sub-sector - with most of this increase taking place in the developing world. As the United Nation's four-hundred-page report, Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options,...

  20. Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control

    Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...