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Human-animal interactions: Survey of contact behavior relevant for the spread of infectious diseases
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| Theses | Contributor(s): Yimer Wasihun Kifle
Background: Approximately 75 percent of recently emerging infectious diseases that affect humans are diseases of animal origin, and approximately 60 percent of all human pathogens are zoonotic....
Urban Animals: Human-Poultry Relationships in Later Post-Medieval Belfast
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): B. Tyr Fothergill
Live animals were a ubiquitous feature of post-medieval cities and provided a variety of products to a broad cross-section of society. Poultry species were portable and accessible to people of...
Genetic and phenotypic evidence of the Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis human-animal interface in Chile
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Patricio Retamal Merino, Marcela Fresno, Catherine Dougnac, Sindy Gutiérrez, Vanessa Gornall, Roberto Vidal, Rolando Vernal, Myriam Pujol, Marlen Barreto, Daniel González Acuña, Pedro Abalos Pineda
Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis is a worldwide zoonotic agent that has been recognized as a very important food-borne bacterial pathogen, mainly associated with consumption of poultry...
Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 2: Individual Variation
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault
Little is known about broiler chicken ranging behaviour. Previous studies have monitored ranging behaviour at flock level but whether individual ranging behaviour varies within a flock is unknown....
Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 1: Factors Related to Flock Variability
Little is known about the ranging behaviour of chickens. Understanding ranging behaviour is required to improve management and shed and range design to ensure optimal ranging opportunities. Using...
Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.
Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive...
Social networks and welfare in future animal management
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Koene, P., Ipema, B.
It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are...
The effects of food-related environmental complexity on litter directed behaviour, fear and exploration of novel stimuli in young broiler chickens
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Pichova, K., Nordgreen, J., Leterrier, C., Kostal, L., Moe, R. O.
Stimulation of foraging behaviour during the first weeks of life by increasing environmental complexity such as scattering food items on the litter may be one way of preventing leg disorders,...
Behavioural responses of broiler chickens during low atmospheric pressure stunning
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mackie, N., McKeegan, D. E. F.
Low atmospheric pressure stunning (LAPS) is a new irreversible stunning method for broiler chickens ( Gallus gallus domesticus), which has the potential to improve welfare during routine...
Attitudes of veterinary students in Croatia toward farm animal welfare
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ostovic, M., Mesic, Z., Mikus, T., Matkovic, K., Pavicic, Z.
This survey was undertaken to assess the attitudes of Croatian veterinary students regarding farm animal welfare issues. The study included students of all undergraduate years at the only Faculty...
Farmer attitudes to injurious pecking in laying hens and to potential control strategies
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Palczynski, L. J., Buller, H., Lambton, S. L., Weeks, C. A.
Farmers' recognition of health and welfare problems, and their responses to related intervention programmes, such as those to reduce injurious pecking in hens, directly influence the welfare of...
Effects of carprofen, meloxicam and butorphanol on broiler chickens' performance in mobility tests
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hothersall, B., Caplen, G., Parker, R., Nicol, C. J., Waterman-Pearson, A. E., Weeks, C. A., Murrell, J. C.
Lame broiler chickens perform poorly in standardised mobility tests and have nociceptive thresholds that differ from those of non-lame birds, even when confounding factors such as differences in...
Tree cover and injurious feather-pecking in commercial flocks of free-range laying hens: a follow up
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bright, A., Gill, R., Willings, T. H.
Injurious feather-pecking in non-cage systems is a serious economic and welfare concern for the egg-producing industry. This study presents results from data of over 1,000 flocks from producers...
Consumer attitudes to injurious pecking in free-range egg production
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bennett, R. M., Jones, P. J., Nicol, C. J., Tranter, R. B., Weeks, C. A.
Free-range egg producers face continuing problems from injurious pecking (IP) which has financial consequences for farmers and poor welfare implications for birds. Beak-trimming has been practised...
The contribution of broiler chicken welfare certification at farm level to enhancing overall animal welfare: the case of Brazil
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Souza, A. P. O., Molento, C. F. M.
The intensification of farm animal welfare debate has led to an increasing number of certification schemes covering this issue; however, there are concerns about the contribution of these schemes...
Behavioural consequences of visual deprivation occurring at hatch or in the early life of chickens
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hocking, P. M., Haldane, K. A., Davidson, E. M., Sandoe, P., Kristensen, H. H.
The development of behaviour in a line of chickens that are born sighted ( rdd) but turn blind after hatching was compared with a line that is blind at hatch ( beg) and with sighted White Leghorn...
Dustbathing, pecking and scratching behaviours of laying hens in furnished cages are enhanced by the presence of rubber mats and litter distribution
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Guinebretiere, M., Michel, V., Arnould, C.
Furnished cages for laying hens exist in a wide variety of sizes and designs and should be equipped to allow hens to express some of their behavioural priorities. European Council Directive...
Effects of maternal vocalisations on the domestic chick stress response
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Edgar, J., Kelland, I., Held, S., Paul, E., Nicol, C.
Although natural brooding is not commercially feasible, there is great potential to simulate aspects of maternal care to improve the welfare of farmed domestic chicks. Our previous studies showed...
Mate choice, maternal investment and implications for ostrich welfare in a farming environment
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bonato, M., Cherry, M. I., Cloete, S. W. P.
At present, the ostrich industry is inefficient, on account of being characterised by inadequate egg production, high embryo mortality, poor chick survival and suboptimal growth rates. However, as...
Moral "lock-in" in responsible innovation: the ethical and social aspects of killing day-old chicks and its alternatives
| Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bruijnis, M. R. N., Blok, V., Stassen, E. N., Gremmen, H. G. J.
The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two...