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  1. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  2. Are domestic pigs ( Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?

    Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von

    Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs ( Sus...

  3. The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.

    There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...

  4. Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters

    Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.

    The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 ( n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...

  5. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  6. The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study

    Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.

    Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...

  7. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...

  8. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  9. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  10. How does dog-walking influence perceptions of health and wellbeing in healthy adults? A qualitative dog-walk-along study

    Contributor(s):: Campbell, K., Smith, C. M., Tumilty, S., Cameron, C., Treharne, G. J.

    The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and wellbeing related to dog-walking in healthy adults. Ten self-reported healthy adult dog-walkers took part in one dog-walk-along interview, and nine of the 10 participants also attended one follow-up participatory analysis session. All...

  11. Thinking about cats or dogs provides relief from social rejection

    Contributor(s):: Brown, C. M., Hengy, S. M., McConnell, A. R.

    Past research shows that anthropomorphizing animals and non-human objects is correlated with unmet social needs (e.g., loneliness), and momentary feelings of social rejection can be soothed by thinking about a pet or by having a dog nearby. The current work tested whether thinking of names for...

  12. Examining differences between homebound older adult pet owners and non-pet owners in depression, systemic inflammation, and executive function

    Contributor(s):: Branson, S., Boss, L., Cron, S., Kang, DuckHee

    Homebound older adults are prone to depression, which is linked to systemic inflammation that promotes executive function decline. A companion animal may reduce the negative biobehavioral processes associated with depression, inflammation, and reduced executive function in homebound older adults....

  13. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  14. Pets and happiness: examining the association between pet ownership and wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Bao, K. J., Schreer, G.

    Are pets associated with happiness in their owners? Some research has demonstrated positive connections between pets and the physical health of their owners, and more recently, research has shown the beneficial effects of pets on the negative aspects of mental health as well. However, much less...

  15. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  16. Predictors of views about punishing animal abuse

    Contributor(s):: Bailey, S. K. T., Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G.

    The current study used scenarios of animal cruelty based on actual events to explore what factors predict perceptions of punishments for animal cruelty. Five hundred thirty-eight university undergraduates participated in the study. Participants read scenarios based on an actual event of animal...

  17. In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  18. Family Dog Project: history and future of the ethological approach to human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Abdai, J., Miklosi, A.

    Dogs occupy a specific niche in the human social environment. Some authors argued that dogs' social competence show functional similarities in their components (e.g. attachment, rule following) to that of humans due to their long history living in anthropogenic environment if proper socialisation...

  19. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  20. Positive reinforcement training for blood collection in grizzly bears ( Ursus arctos horribilis) results in undetectable elevations in serum cortisol levels: a preliminary investigation

    Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, N. M., Newberry, R. C., Robbins, C. T., Ware, J. V., Jansen, H. T., Nelson, O. L.

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...