'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?
Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.
Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...
Examining dog-human play: the characteristics, affect, and vocalizations of a unique interspecific interaction
Contributor(s):: Horowitz, A., Hecht, J.
Despite the growing interest in research on the interaction between humans and dogs, only a very few research projects focus on the routines between dogs and their owners. In this study, we investigated one such routine: dog-human play. Dyadic interspecific play is known to be a common...
Man's other best friend: domestic cats (F. silvestris catus) and their discrimination of human emotion cues
Contributor(s):: Galvan, M., Vonk, J.
The ability of domestic dogs (C. lupus famaliaris) to follow and attend to human emotion expressions is well documented. It is unknown whether domestic cats (F. silvestris catus) possess similar abilities. Because cats belong to the same order (Carnivora), but did not evolve to live in complex...
Does affective information influence domestic dogs' (Canis lupus familiaris) point-following behavior?
Contributor(s):: Flom, R., Gartman, P.
Several studies have examined dogs' (Canis lupus familiaris) comprehension and use of human communicative cues. Relatively few studies have, however, examined the effects of human affective behavior (i.e., facial and vocal expressions) on dogs' exploratory and point-following behavior. In two...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?
Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.
Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...
The Receding Animal: Theorizing Anxiety and Attachment in Psychoanalysis from Freud to Imre Hermann
Contributor(s):: Marinelli, L., Mayer, A.
The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and welfare of zoo mammals
Contributor(s):: Alexandra Farrand
There is evidence that the presence of the visiting public affects the behaviour of zoo-housed mammals. Understanding the effect of visitors is important in improving animal welfare, achieving zoo conservation goals, increasing visitor education/entertainment, and facilitating interpretation of...
Influência da visitação no comportamento de macacos-prego (Cebus apella) em zoológicos
Contributor(s):: Glaucia Cristiana Wunderlich Farias
O bem-estar dos animais mantidos em zoológicos pode ser afetado por aspectos de ordem estrutural, ambiental e pelos tipos de relações que os mesmos desenvolvem com os visitantes. Os macacos-prego (Cebus apella) encontram-se, atualmente, em número significativo em...
Improving the welfare of a zoo-housed male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) aggressive towards visitors
Contributor(s):: O. Martín, Dolors Vinyoles Cartanyà, E. García-Galea, C. Maté
Improving captive animal welfare and maintaining its behavioral competence for future conservation purposes is of highest priority for zoos. The behavior of an aggressive male drill (Mandrillus leucophaeus poensis) was assessed in Barcelona zoo. The two-year study presented in this article...
La visite au zoo et l'apprentissage de la distinction humaine
Contributor(s):: Véronique Servais
Le parc zoologique peut être considéré comme un dispositif culturel qui structure les relations entre des êtres humains et des animaux captifs. Dans l’étude présentée ici, nous avons cherché à savoir quels sont les modèles...
International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2016. Exploring human-animal interactions: a multidisciplinary approach from behavioral and social sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 7-10 July 2016. Proceedings
This work contains abstracts of 61 conference papers on the regulatory, behavioural and welfare aspects of human-animal interactions.
Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.
This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds
Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.
This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health
Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.
Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters
Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.
The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...