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All Categories (1-20 of 83)

  1. An evaluation of perceptions of total quality management (TQM) livestock practices of Iowa 4-H' ers who received new instructional materials

    Contributor(s):: Mukiri wa Githendu, Julie A. Gamon (adviser)

    The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of 4-H youth regarding the total quality management of their livestock projects and the production of safe food before and after they received the new Total Quality Management (TQM) Curriculum for Youth Producers;The sample consisted of 800...

  2. Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.

    This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...

  3. Relationships between personality of human-dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    Contributor(s):: Hoummady, S., Peron, F., Grandjean, D., Clero, D., Bernard, B., Titeux, E., Desquilbet, L., Gilbert, C.

    Improving operational performances of working dog-human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...

  4. Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type

    Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.

    This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...

  5. Evaluating the impact of a humane education summer-camp program on school-aged children's relationships with companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Tardif-Williams, C. Y., Bosacki, S. L.

    This study evaluated the impact of children's participation in a five-day humane education summer-camp program on the quality of their relationships with and treatment of companion animals. We measured changes from pre- to post-program in 77 children (50 girls, 27 boys) aged 6-12 years. The...

  6. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  7. Using self-selection to evaluate the acceptance of a new diet formulation by farmed fish

    Contributor(s):: Carlberg, H., Cheng, Ken, Lundh, T., Brannas, E.

    The evaluation of new diet composition is commonly achieved by performing time-consuming growth trials, which may negatively impact the welfare of a large number of fish if the feed is not accepted. Instead, the fish's behavioural responses to a new diet composition can be used as a first step...

  8. Flight distance and reaction to fawn handling are greater in high- than in low-ranked pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus) females

    Contributor(s):: Ungerfeld, R., Morales-Pineyrua, J. T., Freitas-de-Melo, A.

    The flight distance from humans and the reaction of the mother to human handling of their offspring are measures that can be used to assess the quality of the human-animal relationship which could vary according to animals' position in a group. The objective was to determine if the flight...

  9. Recreational horse welfare: the relationships between recreational horse owner attributes and recreational horse welfare

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, L. M., Jongman, E., Coleman, G. J.

    In recent years the welfare of recreational horses has become an increasingly important issue, as evident by their high representation in welfare investigations around the world, however, little is known about the welfare of horses used in this capacity. The scientific literature concerning...

  10. Speed of dog adoption: impact of online photo traits

    Contributor(s):: Lampe, R., Witte, T. H.

    The Internet has radically changed how dogs are advertised for adoption in the United States. This study was used to investigate how different characteristics in dogs' photos presented online affected the speed of their adoptions, as a proof of concept to encourage more research in this field....

  11. Identifying environmental and management factors that may be associated with the quality of life of kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Kiddie, J., Collins, L.

    This paper describes the use of a validated quality of life assessment tool (described elsewhere) to identify environmental and management factors that may affect quality of life in dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Dogs were allocated to one of the four treatment groups, all of which had a...

  12. The meaning of companion animals for children and adolescents with autism: the parents' perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bystrom, K. M., Persson, C. A. L.

    The aim of this study was to understand parents' perspectives on how children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) benefit from a relationship with companion animals. Parents were invited to participate in focus-group discussions. One open-ended question with follow- up questions...

  13. A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys

    Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...

  14. Effect of pre-partum habituation to milking routine on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers

    Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Napolitano, F., Grasso, F., Palo, R. di, Zicarelli, F., Arney, D., Rosa, G. de

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect pre-partum habituation in the milking parlour on behaviour and lactation performance of buffalo heifers. Sixteen buffalo heifers in late gestation were used for this study. The animals, with an age ranging from 30 to 44 months at the start of...

  15. The risk factors affecting the development of vent pecking and cannibalism in free-range and organic laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Lambton, S. L., Knowles, T. G., Yorke, C., Nicol, C. J.

    Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest animal welfare and economic challenges for free-range egg producers. This prospective epidemiological study investigated the development of vent pecking (VP) and cannibalism on 62 free-range and organic UK farms (119 flocks). Flocks were visited at 25...

  16. "first things first": application of Islamic principles of priority in the ethical assessment of genetically modified foods

    Contributor(s):: Noor Munirah, Isa, Saadan, Man

    Advancement of modern agricultural biotechnology has brought various potential benefits to humankind, but at the same time ethical concerns regarding some applications such as genetically modified foods (GMF) have been raised among the public. Several questions are being posed; should they...

  17. Nonverbal communication and human-dog interaction

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, I., Forkman, B.

    Human-dog interaction relies to a large extent on nonverbal communication, and it is therefore plausible that human sensitivity to nonverbal signals affects interactions between human and dog. Experience with dogs is also likely to influence human-dog interactions, and it has been suggested that...

  18. Parameters influencing service dogs' quality of response to commands: retrospective study of 71 dogs

    Contributor(s):: Dalibard, G. H.

  19. Enriching tortoises: assessing color preference

    Contributor(s):: Passos, L. F., Mello, H. E. S., Young, R. J.

    Environmental enrichment is a principle that is used to enhance the quality of care for nonhuman animals in captivity. To achieve this, it is necessary to understand the animal's needs. This study focused on color preference to provide food stimuli as a source of environmental enrichment for the...

  20. Development and validation of a quality of life assessment tool for use in kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Kiddie, J. L., Collins, L. M.

    There is currently no objective and validated quality of life assessment tool available to assess the quality of life of domestic dogs in kennels. This study aimed to develop a validated scoring system to assess the quality of life of dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Objective animal-based...