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Rabies Vaccination Targets for Stray Dog Populations
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Contributor(s):: Tiffany Leung, Stephen A. Davis
The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray...
The Role of Dog Population Management in Rabies Elimination—A Review of Current Approaches and Future Opportunities
Contributor(s):: Louise H. Taylor, Ryan M. Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M. Lindenmayer, Douglas C. Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H. Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of...
Toward Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies: Experiences from Implementing a Large-scale Demonstration Project in Southern Tanzania
Contributor(s):: Emmanuel Abraham Mpolya, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Rebecca Mancy, Eberhard M. Mbunda, Selemani Makungu, Matthew Maziku, Lwitiko Sikana, Gurdeep Jaswant, Sunny Townsend, François-Xavier Meslin, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Chanasa Ngeleja, Joel Changalucha, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Geofrey Mchau, Kristyna Rysava, Alphoncina Nanai, Rudovick Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson
A Rabies Elimination Demonstration Project was implemented in Tanzania from 2010 through to 2015, bringing together government ministries from the health and veterinary sectors, the World Health Organization, and national and international research institutions. Detailed data on mass dog...
Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program
Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia
A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...
Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies
Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor
Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...
Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad
Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag
Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...
Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia
Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward
Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...
Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths by 2030: Needs Assessment and Alternatives for Progress Based on Dog Vaccination
Contributor(s):: Ryan M. Wallace, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jesse D. Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka
Background: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could...
Comparing Methods of Assessing Dog Rabies Vaccination Coverage in Rural and Urban Communities in Tanzania
Contributor(s):: Maganga Sambo, Paul C. D. Johnson, Karen Hotopp, Joel Changalucha, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick Kazwala, Tiziana Lembo, Ahmed Lugelo, Kennedy Lushasi, Mathew Maziku, Eberhard Mbunda, Zacharia Mtema, Lwitiko Sikana, Sunny E. Townsend, Katie Hampson
Rabies can be eliminated by achieving comprehensive coverage of 70% of domestic dogs during annual mass vaccination campaigns. Estimates of vaccination coverage are, therefore, required to evaluate and manage mass dog vaccination programs; however, there is no specific guidance for the most...
The development of an on-site spay/neuter facility at a county animal shelter to reduce pet overpopulation as a means of rabies prevention
Contributor(s):: G. Robert Weedon
The goal of this paper is to address the issue of pet overpopulation as a means of preventing rabies in a community, and to describe the process of developing an onsite spay/neuter facility at a county animal shelter to reduce pet overpopulation. Additionally, it is hoped that this project will...
Veterinary Public Health Collaborations: An Essential Component of Future Public Health Preparedness
Contributor(s):: Bryan C. Gooding
Veterinarians protect the public's health by serving in multiple roles as epidemiologists, food inspectors, and veterinary medical officers in local, state, federal, and military organizations. One of the more prominent roles that veterinarians play in the public health arena is preventing...
Assessing Factors Associated with Observed Levels of Adherence to Antirabies PEP Vaccine Among Animal Bite Victims in Machakos Level Five Hospital
Contributor(s):: Alice N. Gichohi
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with observed levels of adherence to ant rabies PEP vaccine among animal bite victims in Machakos level five hospital.Methodology: The study used Cross sectional study design. It utilized both qualitative and quantitative...
Building the road to a regional zoonoses strategy: A survey of zoonoses programmes in the Americas
Contributor(s):: Melody J Maxwell, Mary H Freire de Carvalho, Armando E Hoet, Marco AN Vigilato, Julio C Pompei, Ottorino Cosivi, Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Patrick Butaye (editor)
In recent years, global public health security has been threatened by zoonotic disease emergence as exemplified by outbreaks of H5N1 and H1N1 influenza, SARS, and most recently Ebola and Zika. Additionally, endemic zoonoses, such as rabies, burden countries year after year, placing demands on...
Therapy Dogs as a Preventive Measure for Rabies Exposure and Mental Health Issues in Deployed Troops
Contributor(s):: Jacob Monroe Davenport
I have been fortunate to gain an invaluable experience while completing my Masters of Public Health at the Fort Riley Military base. Under the direction of Dr. Paul Benne and many of his support staff I have learned many aspects and functionality of the day-to-day operations of a public health...
Contributor(s):: M.C. Atapattu
Improving rabies control in free-roaming dogs
Contributor(s):: Michelle Kimberley Morters
Canine-mediated rabies is a serious zoonosis responsible for at least 55,000 human deaths every year, primarily in less developed communities in Asia and Africa where domestic dogs are free-roaming. The disease can be effectively controlled through vaccinating at least 45% of the dogs in a...
Rabies control initiative in Tamil Nadu, India: a test case for the 'One Health' approach
Contributor(s):: Syed Shahid Abbas, Vidya Venkataramanan, Garima Pathak, Manish Kakkar
Although India accounts for nearly 50%5C% of the global rabies mortality, there is no organised national rabies control programme. Rabies control is generally confined to small urban pockets, with minimal intersectoral co-ordination. Tamil Nadu is the first state in India to implement a...
Forecasting the spread of raccoon rabies using a purpose-specific group decision-making process
Contributor(s):: Anderson, Aaron, Shwiff, Stephanie A., Chipman, Richard B., Atwood, Todd, Cozzens, Tyler, Fillo, Frank, Hale, Robert, Hatch, Brody, Maki, Joanne, Rhodes, Olin E., Rees, Erin E., Rupprecht, Charles E., Tinline, Rowland, VerCauteren, Kurt C., Slate, Dennis
Evaluation of rhodamine B as a biomarker for raccoons
Contributor(s):: Fry, T. L., Atwood, T., Dunbar, M. R.
Bats and Rabies in Utah
Contributor(s):: Nicki Frey
This fact sheet describes the 10 species of bats found in Utah, what to do if you are bitten and how to avoid contracting diseases from them.