Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...
A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options
Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.
Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...
Participatory methods for the assessment of the ownership status of free-roaming dogs in Bali, Indonesia, for disease control and animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Morters, M. K., Bharadwaj, S., Whay, H. R., Cleaveland, S., Damriyasa, I. M., Wood, J. L. N.
The existence of unowned, free-roaming dogs capable of maintaining adequate body condition without direct human oversight has serious implications for disease control and animal welfare, including reducing effective vaccination coverage against rabies through limiting access for vaccination, and...
Care of dogs and attitudes of dog owners in Port-au-Prince, the Republic of Haiti
Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Gall, M., Green, D., Eller, W. S.
This article reports the first known study on dogs in Port-au-Prince. Interviews with 1,290 residents provided information on 1,804 dogs. More than 57.7% of homes kept dogs. Not all the dogs received vaccinations for rabies (41.6%), even though 28.2% of households had had a household member...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009
Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.
Exploring opportunities to do things differently
Contributor(s):: Gibbens, N.
Pet travel changes - good for owners... but what about pets?
Contributor(s):: Cooper, E.
Perceptions of village dogs by villagers and tourists in the coastal region of rural Oaxaca, Mexico
Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, E., Eilers, C. H. A. M.
Biting dogs in Rome (Italy)
Contributor(s):: Maragliano, L., Ciccone, G., Fantini, C., Petrangeli, C., Saporito, G., Traglia, M. di, Natoli, E.
We present data on dog biting events which occurred in Rome and were recorded by the Public Dog Shelter and Veterinary Hospital of Rome. In Italy the control of rabies is regulated by Presidential Decree. Recently, the endorsement of a National Law, aimed at the prevention of dog and cat...
The influence of pack social structure on oral rabies vaccination coverage in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )
Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Toit, J. T. du
This paper examines the application of oral immunisation against rabies in African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), a highly social species that is currently endangered. The influence of pack social structure on consumption of baits was studied in an artificially created captive pack of seven adult wild...
Ethiopian village dogs: behavioural responses to a stranger's approach
Contributor(s):: Ortolani, A., Vernooij, H., Coppinger, R.
We studied the behavioural ecological characteristics of free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) in four Ethiopian villages via observational surveys. The Ethiopian village dogs surveyed in this study have similar characteristics to other free-roaming dog populations in the world: (1) they are...
An epizootic of rabies in Maryland, 1982-84
Contributor(s):: Beck, A. M., Felser, S. R., Glickman, L. T.
Racoon rabies was first recorded in peninsular Florida in 1947 (McLean, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1971, 123, 680-81). Other states of the USA reported only sporadic cases until the 1960s when the incidence increased and it spread into mainland Florida and Georgia. Spread progressed...
Raccoon rabies in the mid-Atlantic (epidemic) and southeastern states (endemic), 1970-1986: an evaluation of reporting methods
Contributor(s):: Torrence, M. E., Beck, A. M., Glickman, L. T., Perez, C. M., Samuels, M. L.
Canine rabies: a looming threat to public health
Contributor(s):: Burgos-Caceres, S.
Rabies is an acute, fatal viral disease that infects domestic and wild animals and is transmissible to humans. Worldwide, rabies kills over 55,000 people every year. The domestic dog plays a pivotal role in rabies transmission. Domestic dogs are not only part of our daily lives but also of our...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...
Animal-based national surveillance for zoonotic disease: quality, limitations, and implications of a model system for monitoring rabies
Contributor(s):: Childs, J. E., Krebs, J. W., Real, L. A., Gordon, E. R.
Surveillance for zoonotic diseases among wildlife is a research and public health challenge. The inherent limitations posed by the requisite human-animal interactions are often undefined and underappreciated. The national surveillance system for animal rabies in the United States was examined as...
Comparative prevalence of rabies antibodies among household and unclaimed/stray dogs as determined by the immune adherence haemagglutination assay
Contributor(s):: Bota, C. N., Anderson, R. K., Goyal, S. M., Charamella, L. J., Howard, D. R., Briggs, D. J.
The sera of 202 owned dogs and those of 149 stray or abandoned animals were obtained from veterinary hospitals in Minneapolis or St Paul. They were tested for rabies antibody, which occurred more frequently and to higher titre in owned dogs than in strays that were unlikely to have been...
Development of an item scale to assess attitudes towards domestic dogs in the United Republic of Tanzania
Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Laurenson, K. M., Kazwala, R. R., Cleaveland, S.
Domestic dogs are important sources of rabies exposure for humans in the developing world. Control of the disease in endemic areas relies on the vaccination of owned dogs, and thus owners' attitudes and behaviour towards household dogs may be of relevance to rabies control programmes. However,...
A survey of dog populations in urban and rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico
Contributor(s):: Ortega-Pacheco, A., Rodriguez-Buenfil, J. C., Bolio-Gonzalez, M. E., Sauri-Arceo, C. H., Jimenez-Coello, M., Forsberg, C. L.
A survey in a major Mexican city (Merida) and three rural communities was conducted to generate information regarding the size and structure of the owned-dog populations and people's opinions about the dogs and how they took care of them. Household characteristics and dog population size, health...