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  1. Building the road to a regional zoonoses strategy: A survey of zoonoses programmes in the Americas

    Contributor(s):: Melody J Maxwell, Mary H Freire de Carvalho, Armando E Hoet, Marco AN Vigilato, Julio C Pompei, Ottorino Cosivi, Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Patrick Butaye (editor)

    In recent years, global public health security has been threatened by zoonotic disease emergence as exemplified by outbreaks of H5N1 and H1N1 influenza, SARS, and most recently Ebola and Zika. Additionally, endemic zoonoses, such as rabies, burden countries year after year, placing demands on...

  2. Canine ecology and socioeconomic factors associated with dogs unvaccinated against rabies in a Mexican city across the US-Mexico border

    Contributor(s):: Flores-Ibarra, M., Estrella-Valenzuela, G.

  3. Canine rabies: a looming threat to public health

    Contributor(s):: Burgos-Caceres, S.

    Rabies is an acute, fatal viral disease that infects domestic and wild animals and is transmissible to humans. Worldwide, rabies kills over 55,000 people every year. The domestic dog plays a pivotal role in rabies transmission. Domestic dogs are not only part of our daily lives but also of our...

  4. Canine Rabies: A Looming Threat to Public Health

    Contributor(s):: Sigfrido Burgos-Cáceres

    Rabies is an acute, fatal viral disease that infects domestic and wild animals and is transmissible to humans. Worldwide, rabies kills over 55,000 people every year. The domestic dog plays a pivotal role in rabies transmission. Domestic dogs are not only part of our daily lives but also of our...

  5. Care of dogs and attitudes of dog owners in Port-au-Prince, the Republic of Haiti

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Gall, M., Green, D., Eller, W. S.

    This article reports the first known study on dogs in Port-au-Prince. Interviews with 1,290 residents provided information on 1,804 dogs. More than 57.7% of homes kept dogs. Not all the dogs received vaccinations for rabies (41.6%), even though 28.2% of households had had a household member...

  6. Characteristics of owned dogs in rabies endemic KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melinda Hergert, Kevin Le Roux, Louis H. Nel

    Background: Canine rabies has been enzootic in the dog population of the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa since the mid-1970s and has been associated with high rates of human exposures and frequent transmissions to other domestic animal species. Several decades of control efforts,...

  7. Characterization and observation of animals responsible for rabies post-exposure treatment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

    | Contributor(s):: Reynes, J. M., Soares, J. L., Keo, C., Ong, S., Heng, N. Y., Vanhoye, B.

  8. Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009

    | Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.

  9. Comparative prevalence of rabies antibodies among household and unclaimed/stray dogs as determined by the immune adherence haemagglutination assay

    | Contributor(s):: Bota, C. N., Anderson, R. K., Goyal, S. M., Charamella, L. J., Howard, D. R., Briggs, D. J.

    The sera of 202 owned dogs and those of 149 stray or abandoned animals were obtained from veterinary hospitals in Minneapolis or St Paul. They were tested for rabies antibody, which occurred more frequently and to higher titre in owned dogs than in strays that were unlikely to have been...

  10. Comparing Methods of Assessing Dog Rabies Vaccination Coverage in Rural and Urban Communities in Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Maganga Sambo, Paul C. D. Johnson, Karen Hotopp, Joel Changalucha, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick Kazwala, Tiziana Lembo, Ahmed Lugelo, Kennedy Lushasi, Mathew Maziku, Eberhard Mbunda, Zacharia Mtema, Lwitiko Sikana, Sunny E. Townsend, Katie Hampson

    Rabies can be eliminated by achieving comprehensive coverage of 70% of domestic dogs during annual mass vaccination campaigns. Estimates of vaccination coverage are, therefore, required to evaluate and manage mass dog vaccination programs; however, there is no specific guidance for the most...

  11. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  12. Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    | Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag

    Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...

  13. Cost-description of a pilot parenteral vaccination campaign against rabies in dogs in N'Djamena, Chad

    | Contributor(s):: Kayali, U., Mindekem, R., Hutton, G., Ndoutamia, A. G., Zinsstag, J.

  14. Coverage of pilot parenteral vaccination campaign against canine rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    | Contributor(s):: Kayali, U., Mindekem, R., Yemadji, N., Vounatsou, P., Kaninga, Y., Ndoutamia, A. G., Zinsstag, J.

  15. Development of an item scale to assess attitudes towards domestic dogs in the United Republic of Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Laurenson, K. M., Kazwala, R. R., Cleaveland, S.

    Domestic dogs are important sources of rabies exposure for humans in the developing world. Control of the disease in endemic areas relies on the vaccination of owned dogs, and thus owners' attitudes and behaviour towards household dogs may be of relevance to rabies control programmes. However,...

  16. Dog Ecology and Rabies Knowledge of Owners and Non-Owners in Sanur, A Sub-District of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elly Hiby, Kadek Karang Agustina, Kate Nattras Atema, Gusti Ngurah Bagus, Janice Girardi, Mike Harfoot, Yacinta Haryono, Lex Hiby, Hendra Irawan, Levin Kalalo, Sang Gede Purnama, I. Made Subrata, Ida Bagus Ngurah Swacita, Ni Wayan Utami, Pande Putu Januraga, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan

    That rabies can be managed humanely using vaccination is well accepted. However, making sure enough dogs in the population are vaccinated and therefore able to fight off the virus can be challenging. Getting owners to be more responsible for their dogs should help keep the proportion of...

  17. Ecological and Epidemiological Findings Associated with Zoonotic Rabies Outbreaks and Control in Moshi, Tanzania, 2017-2018

    | Contributor(s):: Mtui-Malamsha, N., Sallu, R., Mahiti, G. R., Mohamed, H., OleNeselle, M., Rubegwa, B., Swai, E. S., Makungu, S., Otieno, E. G., Lupindu, A. M., Komba, E., Mdegela, R., Assenga, J. A., Bernard, J., Marandu, W., Warioba, J., Makondo, Z., Chang'a, J., Mramba, F., Nonga, H., Killewo, J., Kafeero, F., Makonnen, Y. J., Rivas, A. L., Fasina, F. O.

  18. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    | Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...

  19. Effectiveness of Trap-Spay/Neuter-Return Programs on Free-Roaming Cats As A Form of Rabies Prevention

    | Contributor(s):: Scott McGonagle

    Cats are the second most tested animal for rabies each year in Massachusetts. In order to reduce the cost of rabies prevention, trap-spay/neuter-return (TNR) programs for feral cats can be used to reduce the population of cats, thus reducing potential rabies exposure. This is significant to...

  20. Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10-Year Pathway to Success for the SARAH Program

    | Contributor(s):: Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia

    A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration...