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  1. Rabies Vaccination Targets for Stray Dog Populations

    Contributor(s):: Tiffany Leung, Stephen A. Davis

    The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray or...

  2. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...

  3. Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag

    Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...

  4. Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths by 2030: Needs Assessment and Alternatives for Progress Based on Dog Vaccination

    Contributor(s):: Ryan M. Wallace, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jesse D. Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka

    Background: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could be...

  5. Comparing Methods of Assessing Dog Rabies Vaccination Coverage in Rural and Urban Communities in Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Maganga Sambo, Paul C. D. Johnson, Karen Hotopp, Joel Changalucha, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick Kazwala, Tiziana Lembo, Ahmed Lugelo, Kennedy Lushasi, Mathew Maziku, Eberhard Mbunda, Zacharia Mtema, Lwitiko Sikana, Sunny E. Townsend, Katie Hampson

    Rabies can be eliminated by achieving comprehensive coverage of 70% of domestic dogs during annual mass vaccination campaigns. Estimates of vaccination coverage are, therefore, required to evaluate and manage mass dog vaccination programs; however, there is no specific guidance for the most...

  6. The development of an on-site spay/neuter facility at a county animal shelter to reduce pet overpopulation as a means of rabies prevention

    Contributor(s):: G. Robert Weedon

    The goal of this paper is to address the issue of pet overpopulation as a means of preventing rabies in a community, and to describe the process of developing an onsite spay/neuter facility at a county animal shelter to reduce pet overpopulation. Additionally, it is hoped that this project will...

  7. Assessing Factors Associated with Observed Levels of Adherence to Antirabies PEP Vaccine Among Animal Bite Victims in Machakos Level Five Hospital

    Contributor(s):: Alice N. Gichohi

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with observed levels of adherence to ant rabies PEP vaccine among animal bite victims in Machakos level five hospital.Methodology: The study used Cross sectional study design. It utilized both qualitative and quantitative...

  8. Improving rabies control in free-roaming dogs

    Contributor(s):: Michelle Kimberley Morters

    Canine-mediated rabies is a serious zoonosis responsible for at least 55,000 human deaths every year, primarily in less developed communities in Asia and Africa where domestic dogs are free-roaming. The disease can be effectively controlled through vaccinating at least 45% of the dogs in a...

  9. Rabies control initiative in Tamil Nadu, India: a test case for the 'One Health' approach

    Contributor(s):: Syed Shahid Abbas, Vidya Venkataramanan, Garima Pathak, Manish Kakkar

    Although India accounts for nearly 50%5C% of the global rabies mortality, there is no organised national rabies control programme. Rabies control is generally confined to small urban pockets, with minimal intersectoral co-ordination. Tamil Nadu is the first state in India to implement a...

  10. Forecasting the spread of raccoon rabies using a purpose-specific group decision-making process

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, Aaron, Shwiff, Stephanie A., Chipman, Richard B., Atwood, Todd, Cozzens, Tyler, Fillo, Frank, Hale, Robert, Hatch, Brody, Maki, Joanne, Rhodes, Olin E., Rees, Erin E., Rupprecht, Charles E., Tinline, Rowland, VerCauteren, Kurt C., Slate, Dennis

  11. Mad Dogs and Englishmen

    Contributor(s):: Pemberton, Neil, Worboys, Michael

  12. The role of bait manipulation in the delivery of oral rabies vaccine to skunks

    Contributor(s):: Stacie J. Robinson, Susan M. Jojola, Kurt C. VerCauteren

    The majority of rabies cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control each year occur in wildlife including skunks, raccoons, bats, foxes, and coyotes. Currently, oral rabies vaccination campaigns are employed to immunize coyotes, foxes, and raccoons. Though skunks are vectors of 6 rabies...

  13. Rabies revaccination for companion animals: Canadian data

    Contributor(s):: Nigel Gumley

    Rabies is widespread in Canada, although, traditionally,the majority of reported cases have occurred in Ontario (85%) and, to a lesser extent, in Saskatchewan (10%). Since 1958, over 60 000 rabies cases have been recorded, with approximately 75% of them occurring in wildlife and the remainder in...

  14. Canine ecology and socioeconomic factors associated with dogs unvaccinated against rabies in a Mexican city across the US-Mexico border

    Contributor(s):: Flores-Ibarra, M., Estrella-Valenzuela, G.

  15. Coverage of pilot parenteral vaccination campaign against canine rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    Contributor(s):: Kayali, U., Mindekem, R., Yemadji, N., Vounatsou, P., Kaninga, Y., Ndoutamia, A. G., Zinsstag, J.

  16. Field evaluation of a dog owner, participation-based, bait delivery system for the oral immunization of dogs against rabies in Tunisia

    Contributor(s):: Ben Youssef, S., Matter, H. C., Schumacher, C. L., Kharmachi, H., Jemli, J., Mrabet, L., Gharbi, M., Hammami, S., El Hicheri, K., Aubert, M. F., Meslin, F. X.

  17. Rabies-vaccination coverage and profiles of the owned-dog population in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia

    Contributor(s):: Suzuki, K., Pereira, J. A., Frias, L. A., Lopez, R., Mutinelli, L. E., Pons, E. R.

  18. Study of the dog population and the rabies control activities in the Mirigama area of Sri Lanka

    Contributor(s):: Matter, H. C., Wandeler, A. I., Neuenschwander, B. E., Harischandra, L. P., Meslin, F. X.

  19. Vaccination coverage and epidemiological parameters of the owned-dog population in Thungsong District, Thailand

    Contributor(s):: Kongkaew, W., Coleman, P., Pfeiffer, D. U., Antarasena, C., Thiptara, A.

  20. Zoonotic diseases of cats

    Contributor(s):: August, J. R., Loar, A. S.