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The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education Promoting Animal Welfare is a 501(c)(3) charitable nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research and public education of animal welfare issues.The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education [FIREPAW, Inc.] is...
Model-Based Reverse Translation Between Veterinary and Human Medicine: The One Health Initiative
Contributor(s):: Benjamin Schneider, Violeta Balbas-Martinez, Albert E. Jergens, Inaki F. Troconiz
There is growing concern about the limitations of rodent models with regard to recapitulation of human disease pathogenesis. Computational modeling of data from humans and animals sharing similar diseases provides an opportunity for parallel drug development in human and veterinary medicine....
Understanding past human-animal relationships through the analysis of fractures: a case study from a Roman site in the Netherlands
Contributor(s):: Maaike Groot
In studying fractures in archaeology, we should focus on what they can tell us about human-animal relationships. It is important to show other (zoo-) archaeologists that palaeopathology can be a valuable tool in answering (zoo-) archaeological questions. In this paper, a short summary of...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...
Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique
Contributor(s):: May, D. K., Seivert, N. P., Cano, A., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...
Measuring dog-owner relationships: crossing boundaries between animal behaviour and human psychology
Contributor(s):: Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Previous research suggests that dogs (Canis familiaris) form attachment bonds to their owners and that the strengths of the attachment can vary. However, it does not seem reasonable to believe that all dogs share the same attachment style, considering their differences in genetic background,...
The Coleman Dog Attitude Scale (C-DAS): development, refinement, validation, and reliability
Contributor(s):: Coleman, J. A., Green, B., Garthe, R. C., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Barker, S. B., Ingram, K. M.
Human-animal interactions have been studied for many years. As the human-animal interaction field continues to grow, the need for measures that adequately assess fundamental human-animal domains (e.g., relationships, interactions, attachments, bonds) also increases. Specifically, attitudes...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
Evaluating the efficacy of equine therapy among at-risk youth: a meta-analysis
Contributor(s):: Wilkie, K. D., Germain, S., Theule, J.
The present meta-analysis examined the efficacy of equine therapy among an at-risk youth population. Seven studies quantitatively assessed the treatment effects following involvement in an equine therapy program. The random effects model was used to aggregate each study into an overall effect...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog
Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.
Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures...
Relationships' best friend: links between pet ownership, empathy, and romantic relationship outcomes
Contributor(s):: Cloutier, A., Peetz, J.
The benefits of pets on individual wellbeing is well established. But can pets also have benefits for romantic relationships? Using mixed methods, three studies explored the link between pet ownership and romantic relationship quality. First, using a grounded theory approach, we qualitatively...