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Social behaviour of dogs encountering AIBO, an animal-like robot in a neutral and in a feeding situation
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Contributor(s):: Kubinyi, Eniko
Animals, Agency and Resistance
Contributor(s):: Carter, Bob, Charles, Nickie
The Pet Factor - Companion Animals as a Conduit for Getting to Know People, Friendship Formation and Social Support
| Contributor(s):: Lisa Wood, Karen Martin, Hayley Christian, Andrea Nathan, Claire Lauritsen, Steve Houghton, Ichiro Kawachi, Sandra McCune
Background While companion animals have been previously identified as a direct source of companionship and support to their owners, their role as a catalyst for friendship formation or social support networks among humans has received little attention. This study investigated the indirect...
GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants
| Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.
The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...
Between bodies: an artist's account of the oral connection between human and dog
| Contributor(s):: Angela Bartram
The research in the chapter ‘Between Bodies: an artist’s account of the oral connection between human and dog’ in the book Intimacy Across Visceral and Digital Performance (Palgrave McMillan: 2012) analyses the effect of working in close proximity with domestic dogs in the...
A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments
| Contributor(s):: Lauren R Finka, Sarah LH Ellis, Jenny Stavisky
BackgroundDomestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters)...
Dogs for herding and guarding livestock
| Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.
Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...
Guidance for puppy owners
| Contributor(s):: Hedges, S.
The advantages of behavioural guidance from veterinary practice was discussed. Highlights focused on the behavioural management, care, and training of puppies.
Dogs and their human companions: the effect of familiarity on dog-human interactions
| Contributor(s):: Kerepesi, A., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.
There are few quantitative examinations of the extent to which dogs discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar persons. In our study we have investigated whether dogs show differential behaviour towards humans of different degrees of familiarity (owner, familiar person, unfamiliar person). Dogs...
Is that fear? Domestic dogs' use of social referencing signals from an unfamiliar person
| Contributor(s):: Yong, MinHooi, Ruffman, T.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dogs could successfully interpret a 'social referencing' cue (either happiness or fear) toward an object after viewing a human emotional expression. Fearful expressions are more likely to be unfamiliar to dogs, and thus they may not understand the...
Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time
| Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.
The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...
Scent of the familiar: an fMRI study of canine brain responses to familiar and unfamiliar human and dog odors
| Contributor(s):: Berns, G. S., Brooks, A. M., Spivak, M.
Understanding dogs' perceptual experience of both conspecifics and humans is important to understand how dogs evolved and the nature of their relationships with humans and other dogs. Olfaction is believed to be dogs' most powerful and perhaps important sense and an obvious place to begin for the...
Shut up and pet me! Domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) prefer petting to vocal praise in concurrent and single-alternative choice procedures
| Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D. L.
The nature of the interactions that maintain the social behavior of dogs toward humans and which interactions dogs prefer have not been thoroughly investigated. We focused here on dogs' preference for petting and vocal praise, and the influence that familiarity (owner vs. stranger) has on that...
The effect of dolphin-assisted therapy on the cognitive and social development of children with Down syndrome
| Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., Enders-Slegers, M. J.
Cognitive and speech development are delayed in children with Down syndrome (DS). We investigated the effect of dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), a form of animal-assisted intervention, on the development of speech/language and social behavior in children with DS. We hypothesized that DAT would...
Which personality dimensions do puppy tests measure? A systematic procedure for categorizing behavioral assays
| Contributor(s):: McGarrity, M. E., Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D.
With the recent increase in interest in personality in dogs, behavioral assays of their behavior have proliferated. There has been particularly strong interest in predicting adult behavior from puppy tests. As a result, researchers and practitioners seeking to measure personality in puppies are...
Why do adult dogs 'play'?
| Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Pullen, A. J., Rooney, N. J.
Among the Carnivora, play behaviour is usually made up of motor patterns characteristic of predatory, agonistic and courtship behaviour. Domestic dogs are unusual in that play is routinely performed by adults, both socially, with conspecifics and with humans, and also asocially, with objects....
Children-robot interaction: a pilot study in autism therapy
| Contributor(s):: Kozima, H., Nakagawa, C., Yasuda, Y.
A fresh look at the wolf-pack theory of companion-animal dog social behavior
| Contributor(s):: Kerkhove, W. van
A popular perspective on the social behavior of dogs in multiple-dog households sees the dogs' behavior as reflecting the sociobiological laws of the rigidly structured dominance hierarchy that has been described for wolf packs. This view suggests that aggression problems among dogs are natural...
A tail of two monkeys: social housing for nonhuman primates in the research laboratory setting
| Contributor(s):: Seelig, D.
Despite great adaptability, most nonhuman primates require regular tactile contact with conspecifics for their psychological well being. By illustrating the inherent value of social contact and by providing clues to the best ways of satisfying this need, behavioral studies are useful in designing...
Admissions of cats to animal welfare shelters in Melbourne, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.
Although the number of companion animal (pet) cats (Felis catus) in Australia is decreasing, there has not been a corresponding reduction in feline admissions to nonhuman animal welfare shelters. This study tracked 15,206 cat admissions to 1 large Melbourne shelter over a 12-month period. Data...