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  1. Indices for estimation of dairy free-stall occupancy

    Contributor(s):: Carreira, X. C., Fernandez, M. E., Marino, R. A.

    The objective of this study was to obtain variables that enabled estimation of variation in stall occupancy times based on the cow-to-stall ratio. First, stall use by Holstein-Friesian cows was analyzed on 16 farms in Galicia, Northwest Spain, by continuously recording cow behavior for 24 h....

  2. Influence of the pairing system on the behaviour of farmed red-legged partridge couples ( Alectoris rufa )

    Contributor(s):: Alonso, M. E., Prieto, R., Gaudioso, V. R., Perez, J. A., Bartolome, D., Diez, C.

    Approximately four million red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) are released in Spain each year for repopulation or hunting purposes, all produced on intensive farming facilities under a forced pairing system. We studied the ethological response differences between two types of red-legged...

  3. Potential risk factors associated with feline behaviour problems

    Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Fatjo, J., Mariotti, V. M., Wijk, S. van, Manteca, X.

    A retrospective study was carried out on feline behaviour problems presented at the Animal Behaviour Clinic at the Barcelona School of Veterinary Medicine to identify the main risk factors. Three hundred thirty six cats presented for a behaviour problem between 1998 and 2006 were included in the...

  4. Proceedings of a workshop to identify dog welfare issues in the US, Japan, Czech Republic, Spain and the UK

    Contributor(s):: Houpt, K. A., Goodwin, D., Uchida, Y., Baranyiova, E., Fatjo, J., Kakuma, Y.

    The aims of this paper are first to review scientific and ethical considerations regarding the welfare of dogs in the US, UK, Czech Republic, Spain and Japan, as well as to examine research perspectives of people working within the field of applied ethology. As a guide, the Five Freedoms should...

  5. Performing human-animal relations in Spain: An anthropological study of bullfighting from horseback in Andalusia

    Contributor(s):: Kirrilly Thompson

    A fundamental concern of human-animal studies is the human-animal boundary. The rider-horse relationship challenges this boundary through a degree of intercorporeality that is symbolised by the centaur. The centaur is transformative and generative; it is part horse, part human but moe than...

  6. Peritoneal dialysis and living with animals [Spanish]

    Contributor(s):: Gómez Castilla, A. C., Martin Espejo, J. L.

  7. Medieval and early modern whaling in Portugal

    Contributor(s):: Brito, C.

    Mainland Portugal is not renowned for having been a whaling nation of significance. However, preliminary studies have brought to light enough historical references to suggest that whaling occurred from at least the 13th century, and the present work identifies 38 historical sources documenting...

  8. Behavior of the Murciano-Granadina goat in the hour before parturition

    Contributor(s):: Ramirez, A., Quiles, A., Hevia, M., Sotillo, F.

    The preparturient behaviour of 90 Murciano-Granadina goats (33 of which had single and 57 twin births) was studied during the last hour before parturition. The goats were under free-stall management with access to an adjacent outdoor enclosure. The main activities performed by the goats in the...

  9. Size-biased foraging behaviour in feral cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lazo, A., Soriguer, R. C.

    The foraging behaviour of a feral cattle population in southwest Spain was studied from August 1988 to December 1989. Descriptive variables of intake behaviour (i.e. bite rate, step rate and bite/step ratio) were influenced by extrinsic factors (feed availability and type of plant community) and...

  10. Spacing and social organization: urban stray dogs revisited

    Contributor(s):: Font, E.

    Different aspects of the etho-ecology of the stray dog population in Valencia (Spain) were investigated. Densities of between 127 and 1304 stray dogs/kmsuperscript 2 overlap with density estimates reported for other populations. A male:female ratio of 2:1 is also in agreement with earlier...

  11. Binaries, boundaries and bullfighting: multiple and alternative human-animal relations in the Spanish mounted bullfight

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, K.

    Research into human-animal relations in Spain has favored the footed bullfight as a case study for broader generalization. Conducted before the formalization of human-animal studies and in an academic milieu characterized by structuralist or binary approaches, such research has largely...

  12. Dog-assisted therapy in the treatment of chronic schizophrenia inpatients

    Contributor(s):: Villalta-Gin, V., Roca, M., Gonzalez, N., Domenec, E., Cuca, Escanilla, A., Asensio, M. R., Esteban, M. E., Ochoa, S., Haro, J. M.

    Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia living in long-term care units show high levels of disability. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of including a trained therapy dog in an intervention program applied to institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia. A...

  13. Ethogram of selected behaviors initiated by free-ranging short-finned pilot whales ( Globicephala macrorhynchus ) and directed to human swimmers during open water encounters

    Contributor(s):: Scheer, M., Hofmann, B., Behr, I. P.

    In order to establish an ethogram of interactive behaviors initiated by free-ranging short-finned pilot whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus) and directed to human swimmers, we initiated encounters with non-habituated pilot whale groups during open water encounters southwest of Tenerife, Canary...

  14. Behavioural effects of social mixing at different stocking densities in prepubertal lambs

    Contributor(s):: Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.

    The behavioural effects of stocking density and mixing individuals from 2 different flocks were studied in 80 prepubertal lambs of about 20 kg body weight kept at either low (1 lamb/m) or high (3.3 lambs/m) stocking densities, similar to conditions experienced during transport. At both densities,...

  15. Benefits of training/playing therapy in a group of captive lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )

    Contributor(s):: Carrasco, L., Colell, M., Calvo, M., Abello, M. T., Velasco, M., Posada, S.

    Animal well-being and enrichment continue to gain importance in the maintenance of primates living in captivity. Positive reinforcement training (PRT) and/or playing interaction have been shown to be effective in improving the well-being of several species of primates. This research study...

  16. Bullfighting and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Odberg, F. O.

    The various arguments for and against bullfighting are discussed. The author advocates changing the rituals to prevent suffering of the animals and bloodshed.

  17. Effect of the halothane gene on pre-slaughter mortality in two Spanish commercial pig abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Fabrega, E., Diestre, A., Carrion, D., Font, J., Manteca, X.

    A total of 107 ear samples from all the pigs that died during transport or lairage at two commercial abattoirs in Spain were collected during two months (February and July 2000), in order to determine their halothane genotype (NN, Nn or nn). The frequencies of the three halothane genotypes among...

  18. Morphological changes in European goldfinches ( Carduelis carduelis ) released by bird trappers

    Contributor(s):: Dominguez, J., Vidal, M., Tapia, L.

    In Spain, several Autonomous Communities have granted licenses to capture European goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis parva) during the post-breeding period, from August to December. In Galicia (NW Spain) and other Autonomous Communities, after 5-7 months of captivity, many birds are released. We...

  19. Stress in wild-caught Eurasian otters ( Lutra lutra ): effects of a long-acting neuroleptic and time in captivity

    Contributor(s):: Fernandez-Moran, J., Saavedra, D., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Manteca-Vilanova, X.

    As part of a translocation project, 28 Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) were captured from the wild and transported to the Barcelona Zoo for veterinary evaluation, quarantine and intraperitoneal implantation of telemetry devices. Eleven animals were injected with the long-acting neuroleptic (LAN)...

  20. Transport stress in roe deer ( Capreolus capreolus ): effect of a short-acting antipsychotic

    Contributor(s):: Montane, J., Marco, I., Lopez-Olvera, J., Manteca, X., Lavin, S.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a short-acting antipsychotic (acepromazine) on the stress response to transport in roe deer (C. capreolus). 21 roe deer in France were submitted to a 9-h road journey in order to reintroduce and restock this species into Catalonia (northeastern...