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  1. The Impact of Equine Therapy and an Audio-Visual Approach Emphasizing Rhythm and Beat Perception in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Hession, C. E., Law Smith, M. J., Watterson, D., Oxley, N., Murphy, B. A.

  2. Neural correlates for perception of companion animal photographs

    Contributor(s):: Hayama, S., Chang, L., Gumus, K., King, G. R., Ernst, T.

  3. Priming hand motor training with repetitive stimulation of the fingertips; performance gain and functional imaging of training effects

    Contributor(s):: Lotze, Martin, Ladda, Aija Marie, Roschka, Sybille, Platz, Thomas, Dinse, Hubert R.

  4. Influence of dog presence on the tolerance and evaluation of aversive stimulation

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Laura Sodre Galvao Garcia

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence of a domestic dog in the evaluation and tolerance of auditory aversive stimulation. Eighteen undergraduate college students participated. We analysed the latency of escape response from the aversive sounds and evaluation of the session...

  5. Training rams to court and mate female goats

    Contributor(s):: Orihuela, A., Ungerfeld, R.

    As Saint-Croix rams (sheep) exhibit low seasonal reproductive changes, they could be effective in inducing a reproductive response during the non-breeding season in anestrous does (goats) of breeds whose bucks show low reproductive activity. Three management practices for training rams to court...

  6. Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Philippon, P., Herve, L., Vidament, M.

    This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...

  7. The effects of food-related environmental complexity on litter directed behaviour, fear and exploration of novel stimuli in young broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Pichova, K., Nordgreen, J., Leterrier, C., Kostal, L., Moe, R. O.

    Stimulation of foraging behaviour during the first weeks of life by increasing environmental complexity such as scattering food items on the litter may be one way of preventing leg disorders, reducing fear and improving broiler welfare. However, studies on effects of access to various food based...

  8. Association between personality and stereotypic behaviours in the African striped mouse Rhabdomys dilectus

    Contributor(s):: Joshi, S., Pillay, N.

    Stereotypic behaviours, which are abnormal, repetitive and invariant behaviours caused by frustration and/or central nervous system dysfunction, develop as a result of sub-optimal captive conditions that provide inadequate motor and sensory stimulation. However, not all individuals housed under...

  9. The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked

    Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.

    The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...

  10. The effects of audiobooks on the behaviour of dogs at a rehoming kennels

    Contributor(s):: Brayley, C., Montrose, V. T.

    Domestic dogs are often kept in kennelled environments. These may be stressful, and impact negatively upon welfare, due to unpredictable variations in space, social interaction and noise. Auditory stimulation such as music has been demonstrated to enhance animal welfare in a range of species,...

  11. Perceiving emotions in human-human and human-animal interactions: Hemodynamic prefrontal activity (fNIRS) and empathic concern

    Contributor(s):: Vanutelli, M. E., Balconi, M.

  12. The Zoological Paradox

    Contributor(s):: Thorfun Chutchawanjumrut

    Through on-site field investigation, studies of animal behaviors, and Jon Coe’s zoo enrichment principles, this thesis proposes that zoo architec-ture should prioritize the needs of the animals by incorporating behavioral and environmental enrichments into its...

  13. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  14. Animal Enrichment Strategies for Promoting Natural Behaviors in Captive Populations of Tasmanian Devils (Sarcophilus harrisii)

    Contributor(s):: Tierney O\'neal

    The population of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) is in rapid decline due to Devil Facial Tumour Disease, and insurance populations have been created in captivity for potential future introduction into the wild. Many problems can arise within captive animal populations including loss of...

  15. Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight

    Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.

    Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...

  16. The influence of neonatal environment on piglet play behaviour and post-weaning social and cognitive development

    Contributor(s):: Martin, J. E., Ison, S. H., Baxter, E. M.

    Research has shown that the domestic pig is highly playful throughout its development and that play is an important aspect of social and cognitive development. Therefore, the neonatal environment is fundamental to successful stimulation of play in neonatal pigs, which could have indirect and...

  17. Direct Interventions for Improving the Performance of Individuals with Alzheimer's Disease

    Contributor(s):: Mahendra, Nidhi

  18. A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit

    Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.

    This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...

  19. Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )

    Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...

  20. The impact of past and present preferences on stimulus engagement in nursing home residents with dementia

    Contributor(s):: Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska, Marx, Marcia S., Thein, Khin, Dakheel-Ali, Maha

    Objectives: We examined engagement with stimuli in 193 nursing home residents with dementia. We hypothesized that activities and stimuli based on a person's past and current preferences would result in more engagement than other activities/stimuli. Method: The expanded version of the...