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  1. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  2. The effects of chronic exposure to common bedding materials on the metabolic rate and overall health of male CD-1 mice

    Contributor(s):: Becker, C. E., Mathur, C. F., Rehnberg, B. G.

    Anecdotes and personal Web pages claim that cedar and pine beddings cause respiratory distress in rodents, although no previous research could be found to support these claims. There have, however, been published studies of respiratory distress in cedar and pine mill workers. That research links...

  3. The lower row monkey cage: an overlooked variable in biomedical research

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A.

    A survey of 96 primatological articles revealed that cage location of research monkeys is rarely mentioned, although the environment of upper and lower row-housed animals markedly differs in terms of light quality, light intensity, and living dimension. Not accounting for these uncontrolled...

  4. The Problem of Anthropomorphous Animals: Toward a Posthumanist Ethics

    Contributor(s):: Varsava, N.

  5. The political economy of land grabs in Malawi: investigating the contribution of limphasa sugar corporation to rural development

    Contributor(s):: Chinsinga, B., Chasukwa, M., Zuka, S. P.

    Though a recent phenomenon, land grabs have generated considerable debate that remains highly polarized. In this debate, one view presents land deals as a path to sustainable and transformative rural development through capital accumulation, infrastructural development, technology transfer, and...

  6. Does Pet Ownership in Infancy Lead to Asthma or Allergy at School Age? Pooled Analysis of Individual Participant Data from 11 European Birth Cohorts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: K. Lødrup Carlsen, S. Roll, K.H. Carlsen, P. Mowinchel, A. Wijga, B. Brunekreef, M. Torrent, G. Roberts, S.H. Arshad, I. Kull, U. Krämer, A. von Berg, E. Eller, A. Høst, C. Kuehni, B. Spycher, J. Sunyer, C. Chen, A. Reich, A. Asarnoj, C. Puig, O. Herbarth, J. Mahachie John, K. Van Steen, S. Willich, U. Wahn, S. Lau, T. Keil

    Objective To examine the associations between pet keeping in early childhood and asthma and allergies in children aged 6–10 years. Design Pooled analysis of individual participant data of 11 prospective European birth cohorts that recruited a total of over 22,000 children in the...

  7. Animal-Assisted Therapy: Motives and Rewards

    | Contributor(s):: Kailee Victoria Collins

    Animal-assisted therapy is a complimentary therapy utilized in health care to provide goal-directed therapy using dogs. The purpose of this study was to understand what motivates individuals to being animal-assisted volunteering and rewards that encourage and sustain animal-assisted volunteering....

  8. Human Analogue Safe Haven Effect of the Owner: Behavioural and Heart Rate Response to Stressful Social Stimuli in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M. Gácsi, K. Maros, S. Sernkvist, T. Faragó, A. Miklósi

    The secure base and safe haven effects of the attachment figure are central features of the human attachment theory. Recently, conclusive evidence for human analogue attachment behaviours in dogs has been provided, however, the owner’s security-providing role in danger has not been directly...

  9. Living with Cat and Dog Increases Vaginal Colonization with E. coli in pregnant Women

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. Stockholm, S. Schojørring, L. Pedersen, A.L. Bischoff, N. Følsgaard, C.G. Carson, B. Chawes, K. Bønnelykke, A. Mølgaard, K.A. Krogfelt, H. Bisgaard

    BackgroundFurred pets in the household are known reservoirs for pathogenic bacteria, but it is not known if transmission of bacteria between pet and owner leads to significantly increased rate of infections. We studied whether cats and dogs living in the household of pregnant women affect the...

  10. Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A Systematic Review of Seldom-Documented Human Biological Threats to Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Ali M. Messenger, Amber N. Barnes, Gregory C. Gray

    Background Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, influenza A...

  11. The Characteristics of Wild Rat (Rattus spp.) Populations from an Inner-City Neighborhood with a Focus on Factors Critical to the Understanding of Rat-Associated Zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: Chelsea G. Himsworth, Claire M. Jardine, Kirbee L. Parsons, Alice Y.T. Feng, David M. Patrick

    Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) are among the most ubiquitous urban wildlife species and are the source of a number of zoonotic diseases responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world. Rodent ecology is a primary determinant of the...

  12. Microsporidia Detection and Genotyping Study of Human Pathogenic E. bieneusi in Animals from Spain

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Luz Galván-Díaz, Angela Magnet, Soledad Fenoy, Nuno Henriques-Gil, María Haro, Francisco Ponce Gordo, Guadalupe Miró, Carmen del Aguila, Fernando Izquierdo

    Microsporidia are ubiquitous parasites infecting all animal phyla and we present evidence that supports their zoonotic potential. Fecal samples taken from domestic (cats and dogs), farm (pigs, rabbits and ostriches) and wild animals (foxes) from different provinces of Spain were evaluated for...

  13. Cardiorespiratory and Biomechanical Changes with Hippotherapy in Children with and without Cerebral Palsy

    | Contributor(s):: B.R. Rigby, A.R. Gloekner, S. Papadakis, A.A. Bane, J.S. Forsse, A.E. Bird, T.R. Willard, D.L. Bullinger, R.R. Rogers, K.D. Biggerstaff, P.W. Grandjean

    Hippotherapy utilizes the rhythmic movement of the horse to improve functional abilities and quality of life of individuals with neurological impairments. Little is known regarding the changes in body segment kinematics and cardiovascular responses of the rider due to the therapy. A change in the...

  14. The Burden of Parasitic Zoonoses in Nepal: A Systematic Review

    | Contributor(s):: B. Devleesschauwer, A. Ale, P. Torgerson, N. Praet, C. Mairtens de Noordhout, B.D. Pandey, S.B. Pun, R. Lake, J. Vercruysse, D.D. Joshi, A.H. Havelaar, L. Duchateau, P. Dorny, N. Speybroek

    BackgroundParasitic zoonoses (PZs) pose a significant but often neglected threat to public health, especially in developing countries. In order to obtain a better understanding of their health impact, summary measures of population health may be calculated, such as the Disability-Adjusted Life...

  15. Terapia mediada por animais e saúde mental: um programa no Centro de Atenção Psicossocial da Infância e Adolescência em Porto Alegre - TAA Parte III

    | Contributor(s):: C.B. Franco, A. Pizzinato, M.C. Moreira, M.L.S. Zavaschi, T. Santos, V.L.S. de Oliveira, F.L. Boschetti, L. De M. Menti

    Portuguese:O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar as repercussões de um programa de terapia mediada por animais junto a um grupo de pacientes do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial da Infância e Adolescência do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre-RS. Teve como objeto de estu- do as repercussões...

  16. Hoarding of Animals: An Under-Recognized Public Health Problem in a Difficult-to-Study Population

    | Contributor(s):: Gary J. Patronek

    The objective of this study was to better characterize the problem of hoarding, or pathological collecting, of animals. Methods. The author summarized data from a convenience sample of 54 case reports from 0 animal control agencies and humane societies across the country.The majority (76%) of...

  17. An epidemiologic study of the human bite

    | Contributor(s):: John S Marr, Alan M. Beck, Joseph A. Lugo Jr.

    HUMAN BITES ARE A SERIOUS MEDICAL and surgical problem. A wide range of secondary consequenceshave been documented in the medical literature, including deformity, amputation, infection, transmissionof disease agents, and psychosexual aberrations. Recognition of the human bite as part of the...

  18. Animal companions and one-year survival of patients after discharge from a coronary care unit

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erika Friedmann, Aaron Honori Katcher, James Lynch, Sue Ann Thomas

    This study looked at the effects of social isolation and social support on the survival of patients whowere hospitalized in a CCU with a diagnosis of MI or angina pectoris (AP). Social factors have been reportedto account for some of the variation in the incidence of MI and AP (25,28), but...

  19. Attacks by Packs of Dogs Involving Predation on Human Beings

    | Contributor(s):: Peter L. Borchelt, Randall Lockwood, Alan M. Beck, Victoria L. Voith

    Dog bites are a medical problem for millions of people, children being the most common victims.Human deaths attributable to dog bite injury (not rabies) are relatively infrequent. There have beensome epidemiologic reviews, but this study is the first attempt to arrive at an understanding of...

  20. Medical costs and other aspects of dog bites in Baltimore

    | Contributor(s):: David R. Berzon, John B. DeHoff

    INJURIES CAUSED BY DOG BITES havegrown to epidemic proportions in recent yearsand are now of major public health significance.Animal bites may lead to dangerous viral andbacterial infections, such as rabies, pasteurellosis,and tetanus, and the injuries may result in permanentscars, severe...