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The effect of the kennel environment on canine welfare: a critical review of experimental studies
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Contributor(s):: Taylor, K. D., Mills, D. S.
Dogs can be held temporarily or permanently in kennels for a number of reasons, not necessarily for their own benefit. Although restrictive environments have been associated with poor welfare, priorities for research and change cannot be understood unless the various aspects of the kennel...
The ethics of the Three Rs principle: a reconsideration
Contributor(s):: Vorstenbosch, J. M. G.
In the past decades the Three Rs concept, famously launched by Russell and Burch in their 1959 book The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique, has gained a prominent place in the landscape of societal and ethical concern about animal use. Important scientific and institutional initiatives...
The interplay between replacement, reduction and refinement: considerations where the Three Rs interact
Contributor(s):: Boo, M. J. de, Rennie, A. E., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., Hendriksen, C. F. M.
Russell and Burch's Three Rs principle of replacement, reduction and refinement offers a useful concept for the scientific and ethical evaluation of the use of animals in scientific procedures. Replacement, reduction and refinement are often considered separately, but when applied, one of the...
The response of marine tucuxis ( Sotalia fluviatilis ) towards tourist boats involves avoidance behaviour and a reduction in foraging
Contributor(s):: Carrera, M. L., Favaro, E. G. P., Souto, A.
Marine ecotourism has undergone worldwide expansion in recent years, leading to increased concern regarding the impact on the environment. Despite this, however, few studies into the potential effect of tourist boats on dolphin welfare, have been carried out. In order to evaluate the impact of...
The Three Rs: past, present and future
Contributor(s):: Russell, W. M. S.
The use of databases, information centres and guidelines when planning research that may involve animals
Contributor(s):: Smith, A. J., Allen, T.
In many countries scientists planning research that may involve the use of animals are required by law to examine the possibilities for replacement, reduction or refinement (the Three Rs) of these experiments. In addition to the large number of literature databases, there are now many specialist...
Toward a synthesis of conservation and animal welfare science. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D.
Conservation biology and animal welfare science are multidisciplinary fields of research that address social concerns about animals. Conservation biology focuses on wild animals, works at the level of populations, ecological systems and genetic types, and deals with threats to biodiversity and...
Using the Piglet Scream Test to enhance piglet survival on farms: data from outdoor sows
Contributor(s):: Held, S., Mason, G., Mendl, M.
The point of the Piglet Scream Test is to identify those sows that increase the survival of their piglets through good maternal behaviour. For this to work, sows must be shown to differ in their test responsiveness, for differences to be consistent across parities and for responsiveness to be...
Vocal-type classification as a tool to identify stress in piglets under on-farm conditions
Contributor(s):: Borell, E. von, Bunger, B., Schmidt, T., Horn, T.
Previous studies have shown that the analysis of high frequency stress calls in pigs can serve as a reliable tool in welfare research. Our study focuses on the classification of three different classes of piglet vocalisation: grunting, squealing and screaming. In a castration experiment...
Welfare assessment on Japanese dairy farms using the Animal Needs Index
Contributor(s):: Seo, T., Date, K., Daigo, T., Kashiwamura, F., Sato, S.
The Animal Needs Index (ANI) is used for on-farm assessment of welfare in Austria. However, no synthetic welfare assessment system exists in Japan. We performed a welfare assessment of Japanese dairy farms using the ANI scoring system. On 25 farms, 36 dairy herds were assessed using the...
Welfare by design: the natural selection of welfare criteria
Contributor(s):: Barnard, C. J., Hurst, J. L.
Welfare concerns associated with pedigree dog breeding in the UK
Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Sargan, D. R.
In the UK, numerous pedigree dogs of many breeds experience compromised welfare due to the direct and indirect effects of selective breeding. Many breeds are selected to have physical conformations which, although perceived by some to be desirable, have direct negative effects upon their welfare....
Animal welfare teaching in the veterinary medicine and animal science programs: veterinary medicine
Contributor(s):: Molento, C. F. M.
It is essential today that veterinarians and animal scientists learn animal welfare basic concepts and their main applications. The objective of this review is to reflect on issues related to animal welfare teaching, with emphasis in the Brazilian context, discussing the challenges and...
Coordination of French research on animal welfare: organisation and activities of AGRI animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Levy, F., Beaumont, C., Larrere, R., Dantzer, R.
AGRIBEA was organized in 1999 to coordinate animal welfare research conducted by INRA (French Institute for Agronomy Research). Since then, AGRIBEA had expanded rapidly within and outside INRA and now had 128 members of which less than two thirds were from INRA, while the other members came from...
Ethics: views from IACUC members
Contributor(s):: Houde, L., Dumas, C., Leroux, T.
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) members were interviewed on various ethical matters, including ethics, animal ethics, science and ethics, and the use of animals in research, in order to explore their implicit ethical framework. The results revealed that IACUC members entertain...
Exploratory behaviour in domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758): a review
Contributor(s):: Machado, J. C., Genaro, G.
It is possible to understand exploratory behaviour as an activity sponsored by a new stimulus, which consists in acts and postures that enable to collect information about an object or an unfamiliar environment. The exploration has strong implications for the survival of the individual and of its...
Studies on the phenogenetics of behaviour in dogs
Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.
THE 3 characters studied are (a) "passive defence reaction, " or shyness, T, as shown by tendency to run away at the approach of a stranger, hiding in a corner, dilation of pupils, muscular tetanus; (b) "active defence reaction " or aggressiveness, A [N.B. author uses no symbol] shown by attempt...
The influence of companion animals on the psychological health of older adults
Contributor(s):: May, C.
Companion animals are thought to have an influence on the psychological health of older adults. It has been suggested that interacting with companion animals affects psychological functioning by reducing depression, anxiety, loneliness and stress, and improving social competence, social interest,...