Neonatal piglets are able to differentiate more productive from less productive teats
Contributor(s):: Devillers, N., Giraud, D., Farmer, C.
A previously-validated method to induce variation in milk production between teats of the same udder that is not related to the ante-posterior location of the teat was used. In the first lactation, over half of the sows' teats (teats 1, 2, 5, 6, and 7 from 1 side of the udder, and teats 3, 4, and...
Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part I: Identification of principal components
Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.
The Welfare Quality (WQ) on-farm welfare assessment protocols for fattening pigs (n=95 farms) and sows, as well as suckling piglets (n=103 farms), were applied on Finnish farms. In order to identify distinct types of welfare problems (WPTs) Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied to the...
Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare
This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....
The effect of physical contact between dairy cows and calves during separation on their post-separation behavioural response
Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Ellingsen, K., Grondahl, A. M., Boe, K. E., Lidfors, L., Mejdell, C. M.
Premature breaking of the maternal bond between a cow and her calf triggers a strong behavioural response which renders separation and weaning major welfare challenges in suckling systems. Fence-line separation and weaning allowing physical contact has been evaluated for beef cattle and is...
The anthropozoology of domestication for milk productionAnthropozoologie de la domestication laitiere
Contributor(s):: Poplin, F.
Milk draws its substance from a living being of flesh and blood and from plant matter full of scents, through a two-cycle digestive system and fermentation in vivo, that of ruminants, which are also animals that provide meat ("you drink my milk, you eat my meat"). The pig, the "outlaw" of...
Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective
Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.
Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...
Behavioural patterns established during suckling reappear when piglets are forced to form a new dominance hierarchy
Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Prevolnik, M., Urek, T., Mesarec, N., Skorjanc, D.
Early life experiences considerably influence the behavioural development of the animals in which the social environment plays a crucial role. Neonatal piglets experience intense social (including aggressive) interactions when compete with their littermates for the access to teats on the sow's...
Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth
Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.
Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...
Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships
Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.
Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...
The effect of nursing on the cow-calf bond
Contributor(s):: Johnsen, J. F., Passille, A. M. de, Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E., Grondahl, A. M., Beaver, A., Rushen, J., Weary, D. M.
Dairy calves are often separated from the cow soon after birth and prevented from nursing, but little is known about the effects of nursing on the development of the cow-calf bond. This study evaluated the effect of nursing on affiliative behaviours between the dam and her calf including...
Group suckling cohesion as a prelude to the formation of teat order in piglets
Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Skorjanc, D.
During the lactation period, piglets experience intense social interactions with their littermates until they establish a reliable teat order on the mother's udder. Here, we examined group suckling cohesion in piglet littermates, an order mechanism that refer to the maintenance of significantly...
Socialising piglets in lactation positively affects their post-weaning behaviour
Contributor(s):: Morgan, T., Pluske, J., Miller, D., Collins, T., Barnes, A. L., Wemelsfelder, F., Fleming, P. A.
Although commercial farrowing sheds keep individual litters separated, previous studies have suggested that housing systems that allow socialisation of piglets pre-weaning can reduce aggression after weaning. This study tested whether pigs socialised with non-litter mates pre-weaning would show...
An exploratory study on the effects of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates
Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Renders, L., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Driessen, B.
The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior...
Are severely depressed suckling pigs resistant to gas euthanasia?
Contributor(s):: Sadler, L. J., Karriker, L. A., Schwartz, K. J., Johnson, A. K., Widowski, T. M., Wang, C., Sutherland, M. A., Millman, S. T.
Severely depressed pigs exhibit differences in a number of important parameters that may affect gas euthanasia, including decreased respiration rate and tidal volume. Hence, the objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy and animal welfare implications of gas euthanasia of suckling pigs...
Formation of teat order and estimation of piglets' distribution along the mammary complex using mid-domain effect (MDE) model
Group housing with electronically controlled crates for lactating sows. Effect on farrowing, suckling and activity behavior of sows and piglets
Contributor(s):: Bohnenkamp, A. L., Meyer, C., Muller, K., Krieter, J.
Improved acceptance of Chromonaela odorata by goat kids after weaning is triggered by in utero exposure but not consumption of milk
Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Schonewille, J. T., Dam Van, Tien, Everts, H., Hendriks, W. H.
Providing elevated 'getaway bunks' to nursing mink dams improves their health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L., Buob, M., Haley, D., Miller, S., Stryker, J., Quinton, M., Mason, G.
Suckling, weaning, and the development of oral behaviours in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Care, S., Pomies, D.
The welfare implications of large litter size in the domestic pig II: management factors
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Rutherford, K. M. D., D'Eath, R. B., Arnott, G., Turner, S. P., Sandoe, P., Moustsen, V. A., Thorup, F., Edwards, S. A., Lawrence, A. B.