Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Impacts of shade on physiological and behavioural pattern of Dehong buffalo calves under high temperature
Contributor(s):: Gu, ZhaoBing, Yang, ShuLi, Leng, Jing, Xu, ShaoHong, Tang, ShouKun, Liu, ChuanBin, Gao, YaJun, Mao, HuaMing
Shade shelter is widely used to reduce heat load for farm animals, but little research focus on the cooling effects for Dehong buffalo calves. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the impacts of shade cooling on the physiological and behavioural parameters for Dehong buffalo calves. Shade...
Microhabitat selection by greater sage-grouse hens during brood rearing
Contributor(s):: Mabray, Scott T., Conover, Michael R.
Brown bear and human recreational use of trails in Anchorage, Alaska
Contributor(s):: Coltrane, Jessica A., Sinnott, Rick
Effectiveness of a simulated pack to manipulate wolf movements
Contributor(s):: Anhalt, Christine M., Van Deelen, Timothy R., Schultz, Ronald N., Wydeven, Adrian P.
Survival analysis and computer simulations of lethal and contraceptive management strategies for urban deer
Contributor(s):: Grund, M. D.
Late summer movements by giant Canada geese in relation to a September hunting season
Contributor(s):: Dleter, C. D., Anderson, B. J., Gleason, J. S., Mammenga, P. W., Vaa, S.
Survival and harvest characteristics of giant Canada geese in eastern South Dakota, 2000-2004
Contributor(s):: Dieter, C. D., Gleason, J. S., Andersoi, B. J., Vaa, S., Mammenga, P. W.
Evaluating the impact of a humane education summer-camp program on school-aged children's relationships with companion animals
Contributor(s):: Tardif-Williams, C. Y., Bosacki, S. L.
This study evaluated the impact of children's participation in a five-day humane education summer-camp program on the quality of their relationships with and treatment of companion animals. We measured changes from pre- to post-program in 77 children (50 girls, 27 boys) aged 6-12 years. The...
The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports
Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.
Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...
A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)
Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.
The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
Pond use by captive African penguins ( Spheniscus demersus) in an immersive exhibit adjacent to human bathers
Contributor(s):: Ozella, L., Favaro, L., Carnovale, I., Pessani, D.
Nonhuman animals in zoos are exposed to a continuous human presence, which affects their behaviors and welfare. However, little is known about what role the "visitor effect" has on penguins in captivity. The African penguin ( Spheniscus demersus) is an endangered species commonly housed in zoos...
Comparative study of trophic behaviour and herd structure in wild and feral goats living in a Mediterranean island: management implications
Contributor(s):: Rivera-Sanchez, L., Cassinello Roldan, J., Baraza Ruiz, E., BartolomeFilella, J.
The aim of this study was to compare the trophic behaviour and the social structure of Majorcan wild goats and feral goats present in the island of Majorca. The former are descendants of an ancestral goat ecotype introduced in the island in the late Neolithic, whereas feral goats come from...
Effects of sounds of different quality on the behaviour and heart beat parameters of goats
Contributor(s):: Johns, J., Patt, A., Hillmann, E.
In alpine regions, bells are used to relocate free-ranging grazers like cows and goats. Considering that goats have a well-developed hearing capacity, sounds (e.g. a chime of a bell) may act as stressors depending on their characteristics. The aim of this study was to test whether a non-uniform...
Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment
Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.
In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...
Locomotor activity of dairy cows in relation to season and lactation
Contributor(s):: Brzozowska, A., Lukaszewicz, M., Sender, G., Kolasinska, D., Oprzadek, J.
All systems recording activity of cattle measure it independently of environmental and animal factors. Such recordings may hide differences in activity caused by extraneous interferences or may be inaccurately interpreted. The information produced by sensors could be more accurate, if behaviour...
Pets and pests: vervet monkey intake at a specialist South African rehabilitation centre
Contributor(s):: Healy, A., Nijman, V.
Vervet monkeys ( Chlorocebus pygerythrus) encounter a plethora of anthropogenic risks as a result of their ability to exploit human-altered environments. A systematic assessment of these risks has not been carried out to date. Here, we aim to begin addressing this gap in our understanding of...
Using sterilization to change predation rates of wild coyotes: a test case involving pronghorn fawns
Contributor(s):: Seidler, R. G., Gese, E. M., Conner, M. M.
Surgical sterilization of coyotes ( Canis latrans) reduced their predation rate on domestic sheep. We investigated whether sterilizing coyotes would similarly change coyote predation rates on pronghorn antelope ( Antilocapra americana) neonates. From May 2006 to March 2008, we radio-collared 71...