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Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis
Contributor(s):: Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...
Development of a facial expression scale using footrot and mastitis as models of pain in sheep
Contributor(s):: McLennan, K. M., Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M. J., Holmes, M. A., Leach, M. C., Constantino-Casas, F.
Management of pain in sheep is limited by the challenges of recognising and accurately quantifying pain in this species. The use of facial expression scoring to assess pain is a well-utilised, practical tool in both humans and non-human animals. The objective of this study was to develop a...
Neonatal piglets are able to differentiate more productive from less productive teats
Contributor(s):: Devillers, N., Giraud, D., Farmer, C.
A previously-validated method to induce variation in milk production between teats of the same udder that is not related to the ante-posterior location of the teat was used. In the first lactation, over half of the sows' teats (teats 1, 2, 5, 6, and 7 from 1 side of the udder, and teats 3, 4, and...
Comparison of the behaviour of piglets raised in an artificial rearing system or reared by the sow
Contributor(s):: Rzezniczek, M., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Weber, R.
Over the last 15 years, rising sow fertility has led to a considerable increase in litter size. As a consequence, the number of live born piglets may outnumber the number of functional teats, and surplus piglets are removed from the sow at the age of 3-6 days and fed with artificial milk. The...
Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality
Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.
An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...
Influences of various factors on cows' entrance order into the milking parlour
Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Kaart, T., Mootse, H., Rosa, G. de, Arney, D.
This study investigates the stability of the milking order of cows entering into the milking parlour of a commercial dairy herd, and changes to this order consequent to a change in health status and a change in the membership of the group of cows being milked. In large herds it is difficult for...
Behavioural patterns established during suckling reappear when piglets are forced to form a new dominance hierarchy
Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Prevolnik, M., Urek, T., Mesarec, N., Skorjanc, D.
Early life experiences considerably influence the behavioural development of the animals in which the social environment plays a crucial role. Neonatal piglets experience intense social (including aggressive) interactions when compete with their littermates for the access to teats on the sow's...
Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review
Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.
Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...
Supernumerary teat removal can be avoided in dairy sheep
Contributor(s):: Palacios, C., Abecia, J. A.
The aim of this work was to determine whether the removal of supernumerary teats from dairy sheep when they are born is a useful procedure in the farming routine. Ewes were divided into 3 groups according to the number of teats at milking: ewes who were born with 2 teats; ewes who were born with...
Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders
Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...
Group suckling cohesion as a prelude to the formation of teat order in piglets
Contributor(s):: Skok, J., Skorjanc, D.
During the lactation period, piglets experience intense social interactions with their littermates until they establish a reliable teat order on the mother's udder. Here, we examined group suckling cohesion in piglet littermates, an order mechanism that refer to the maintenance of significantly...
Human-animal relationships in the Norwegian dairy goat industry: assessment of pain and provision of veterinary treatment (Part II)
Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Valle, P. S.
Providing elevated 'getaway bunks' to nursing mink dams improves their health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Dawson, L., Buob, M., Haley, D., Miller, S., Stryker, J., Quinton, M., Mason, G.
The welfare implications of large litter size in the domestic pig II: management factors
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Rutherford, K. M. D., D'Eath, R. B., Arnott, G., Turner, S. P., Sandoe, P., Moustsen, V. A., Thorup, F., Edwards, S. A., Lawrence, A. B.
Culled early or culled late: economic decisions and risks to welfare in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Langford, F. M., Stott, A. W.
Stepping and kicking behaviour during milking in relation to response in human-animal interaction test and clinical health in loose housed dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Bonde, M., Badsberg, J. H., Sorensen, J. T.
Associations between kicking and stepping behaviour during milking and response to humans, getting up behaviour as well as clinical health status in loose housed dairy cows were investigated. During a 12-month period behavioural and clinical data from 10 commercial Danish dairy herds were...
Behaviour, synchrony and welfare of Pekin ducks in relation to water use
Contributor(s):: Waitt, C., Jones, T., Dawkins, M. S.
The method of providing bathing water to commercially farmed ducks presents potential logistic, welfare and health issues. Welfare may be compromised if ducks do not have access to water in which they can at least dip their heads and spread water over their feathers. However maintaining hygiene...
Evidence for residence-induced enhancement of aggressiveness in the non-territorial pig
Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Farnworth, M. J., Mendl, M., Erhard, H. W., Lawrence, A. B.
Wild pigs (Sus scrofa) are only territorial during the peri-parturient period and when young compete for access to teats. In other species, territorial defence is affected by contextual factors including resource quality. Territoriality could be stimulated in species such as pigs by artificial...
Form but not frequency of beak use by hens is changed by housing system
Contributor(s):: Shimmura, T., Suzuki, T., Azuma, T., Hirahara, S., Eguchi, Y., Uetake, K., Tanaka, T.
In order to verify the hypothesis that hens in different housing systems have the same time budget for different beak-related behaviours, we compared the pecking behaviour of hens in six housing systems: small (SC) and large (LC) conventional cages, small (SF) and large (LF) furnished cages,...
Impact of acute clinical mastitis on cow behaviour
Contributor(s):: Siivonen, J., Taponen, S., Hovinen, M., Pastell, M., Lensink, B. J., Pyorala, S., Hanninen, L.
Acute mastitis is one of the most common diseases of high-producing dairy cows. However, there is still lack of knowledge on which precise behaviours change first at the beginning of acute mastitis, and whether behavioural changes might serve as a tool for early detection of clinical mastitis. In...