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  1. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  2. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  3. Assessing dogs using a temperament test - will training affect the outcome? : a test-retest trial as a forensic tool

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Luisa Fechner

    Temperament Tests can be a forensic tool as they are often used to clarify legal cases in which dogs were allegedly involved in circumstances of aggression towards humans or other dogs. The test used in this study, the standardized temperament test of Lower Saxony, a battery type test of 36...

  4. Spawning executive functions in first graders: Exploring situated learning experiences with the classroom pet consistent with children's temperament

    | Contributor(s):: Kristan Nicole Pearce

    Rapid growth in all domains of development occurs during the early childhood years. Even so, the pressures of high stakes testing and the push down of curriculum often elicit a focus on cognitive development while neglecting other developmental areas important in school and later life success...

  5. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  6. Puppy temperament assessments predict breed and American Kennel Club group but not adult temperament

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, L. M., Thompson, R. S., Ha, J. C.

    Puppy assessments for companion dogs have shown mixed long-term reliability. Temperament is cited among the reasons for surrendering dogs to shelters. A puppy temperament test that reliably predicts adult behavior is one potential way to lower the number of dogs given to shelters. This study used...

  7. Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance

    | Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Philippon, P., Herve, L., Vidament, M.

    This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...

  8. Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies: The Measuring of Equine Temperament

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Howard, Thecla Helmbrecht

    The field of equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is growing in popularity as an alternative healing approach. However, there is a paucity of peer-reviewed research on the horses who serve as equal partners in EAAT. The purpose of this quantitative study was to discover the impact of...

  9. Guide dogs: medical tool on four pawsBlindenfuhrhunde: Medizinisches Hilfsmittel auf vier Pfoten

    | Contributor(s):: Hacker, S.

    This article discusses the training and suitability of guide dogs for blind people in Germany.

  10. Characterization of assistance dogs (guide dogs, hearing dogs and service dogs) in PortugalCaraterizacao dos caes de assistencia (caes-guia, caes para surdos e caes de servico) em Portugal

    | Contributor(s):: Carmo, S. A. P. do, Fonseca, I. M. S. P. da, Rosa, I. M. N. G.

    Today's society increasingly tries to provide a way to ease and improve the quality of the human being life with disabilities, like the use of assistance dogs. Guide dogs help blind people, hearing dogs assist people with severe hearing difficulties and service dogs help people with mobility,...

  11. The relationship between individual behavioural styles, dominance rank and cortisol levels of cats living in urban social groups

    | Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.

    Individual animals show differences in temperament, often correlated with ecologically important behavioural patterns such as dominance, and with physiological responses to environmental perturbations, such as cortisol levels. Identifying these temperaments in animals may reveal adaptive patterns...

  12. An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders

    | Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.

    This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...

  13. Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.

    Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...

  14. Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens

    | Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.

    Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...

  15. The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.

    The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...

  16. Evaluation of temperament information to improve adoption occurrence and evaluation of human contact and housing arrangement on stress response of adult shelter dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Coppola, Crista L.

  17. Evaluacion del temperamento en perros de refugio y de familia, un estudio comparativo

    | Contributor(s):: Barrera, Gabriela, Giamal, Yamila, Fagnani, Jésica, Mustaca, Alba, Bentosela, Mariana

  18. Comparison of SAFER behavior assessment results in shelter dogs at intake and after a 3-day acclimation period

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, S. L., Weng, H. Y., Walker, S. L., Placer, M., Litster, A.

    In this study, it was hypothesized that different results would be obtained by canine behavior assessments performed within 24 hr of shelter intake (Day 0) and after a 3-day acclimation period (Day 3). Safety Assessment for Evaluating Rehoming assessments were performed on 33 dogs at 2 municipal...

  19. Does temperament affect learning in calves?

    | Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.

    The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...

  20. Service Dogs Prove to Be Boon for Children with Autism

    | Contributor(s):: Levinson, Jerry