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The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
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Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Practical veterinary forensics
Contributor(s):: Bailey, D.
The book serves as a reference for the reader to appreciate the current workload of a forensic vet and to provide an insight into the scale and complexity of the specialism that is veterinary forensics. Topics discussed are: introduction to veterinary forensics; forensic philosophy; law and...
Household pets as monitors of lead exposure to humans
Contributor(s):: William B. Buck, Louise Marie Cote, Philippe Berny
A study was conducted to determine the health effects of lead-contaminated soils in dogs, cats and children residing near a secondary lead smelter. The sample sizes were 84 dogs and 26 cats in 80 households with a total of 198 humans. Animals living outside, exposed to soit were more at...
Does environmental enrichment promote recovery from stress in rainbow trout?
Contributor(s):: Pounder, K. C., Mitchell, J. L., Thomson, J. S., Pottinger, T. G., Buckley, J., Sneddon, L. U.
The EU Directive on animal experimentation suggests that all protected animals should have enrichment to improve welfare yet relatively little research has been conducted on the impact of enrichment in fish. Studies employing enrichment in zebrafish have been contradictory and all fish species...
Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent
Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.
In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...
Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.
Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...
Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens
Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.
The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...
Critical care and survival of fragile animals: the case of Prrxl1 knockout mice
Contributor(s):: Monteiro, C., Dourado, M., Matos, M., Duarte, I., Lamas, S., Galhardo, V., Lima, D.
The generation of genetically modified animal models in which a given gene is permanently deleted or overexpressed, sometimes results in fragile phenotypes characterized by high morbidity and premature death. This undesired outcome creates important welfare difficulties and poses a huge...
Salivary cortisol and behavior in therapy dogs during animal-assisted interventions: a pilot study
Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.
Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) have been associated with positive effects on human psychological and physiological health. Although the perception of quality standards in AAIs is high, only few investigations have focused on potential welfare implications for therapy dogs linked to their...
Center of Excellence in Livestock Diseases and Human Health Annual Report
Contributor(s):: College of Veterinary Medicine: University of Tennessee Knoxville
The center was created in 1984 to promote interdisciplinary activities designed to improve the quality of human life through better animal health; expand livestock disease research capabilities in the College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) and the Institute of Agriculture; identify and...
Contributor(s):: College of Veterinary Medicine
Cruelty towards domestic cats
Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques
Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.
Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health
Contributor(s):: Rabinowitz, P., Conti, L.