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  1. Badger-human conflict: an overlooked historical context for bovine TB debates in the UK

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy

    In Britain, the question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in domestic cattle herds has been the source of scientific, public and policy controversy for over 40 years and still shows no sign of resolution. This chapter...

  2. Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.

  3. The History of In Vivo Tuberculin Testing in Bovines: Tuberculosis, a "One Health" Issue

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Margaret Good, Douwe Bakker, Anthony Duigan, Daniel M. Collins

    Tuberculosis (TB) is more than 3 million years old thriving in multiple species. Ancestral Mycobacterium tuberculosis gave rise to multiple strains including Mycobacterium bovis now distributed worldwide with zoonotic transmission happening in both directions between animals...

  4. Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia

    | Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme

    Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...

  5. Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?

    | Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....

  6. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  7. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

  8. Zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: M.C. Atapattu

  9. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  10. First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact

    | Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad

    Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...

  11. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  12. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    | Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  13. Resolution 1992-02-04 Tuberculosis in Captive Cervidae and Exotic Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

  14. From the mouths of monkeys : detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA from buccal swabs of syanthropic macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Wilbur, Alicia K.

  15. The risk of tuberculosis transmission to free-ranging great apes

    | Contributor(s):: Wolf, Tiffany M.

  16. Positive reinforcement training for a trunk wash in Nepal's working elephants: demonstrating alternatives to traditional elephant training techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Fagen, A., Narayan, Acharya, Kaufman, G. E.

    Many trainers of animals in the zoo now rely on positive reinforcement training to teach animals to voluntarily participate in husbandry and veterinary procedures in an effort to improve behavioral reliability, captive management, and welfare. However, captive elephant handlers in Nepal still...

  17. Tuberculosis in Animals: Mycobacterium bacilli that cause Devestating Zoonotic Diseases in many Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Jean Larson

    There are many losses in the livestock industry, zoo animals, wildlife, and of course humans as a result of the bacterial disease called tuberculosis (TB). As described in the Eighth Edition of The MERCK Veterinary Manual “Tuberculosis is an infectious, granulomatous disease caused by acid-fast...

  18. Exploring opportunities to do things differently

    | Contributor(s):: Gibbens, N.

  19. Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission from human to canine

    | Contributor(s):: P.C. Erwin, B.A. Bemis, D. Mawby, S.B. McCombs, L.L. Sheeler, I.M. Himelright, S.K. Halford, L. Diem, B. Metchock, T.F. Jones, M.G. Schilling, B.V. Thomsen

    A 71-year-old woman from Tennessee, USA with a 3-week history of a productive, nonbloody cough was evaluated. Chest radiograph showed infiltrates and atelectasis in the upper lobe of the right lung. A tuberculosis (TB) skin test resulted in a 14-mm area of induration. Sputum stained positive for...

  20. Evaluation of a new strategy for control of bovine tuberculosis in Michigan white-tailed deer: year 1 progress report

    | Contributor(s):: Stephen Schmitt, Daniel O\'Brien, Elaine Carlson, David Smith, Zachary Cooley

    The State of Michigan is striving to eliminate bovine tuberculosis (Tb) infection among free-ranging white-tailed deer in the northeastern Lower Peninsula of the state. Aggressive reduction in the overall deer population abundance may help to further reduce TB prevalence, but this course of...