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  1. Unusual animal behavior preceding the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku, Japan: a way to predict the approach of large earthquakes

    Contributor(s):: Yamauchi, H., Uchiyama, H., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    Unusual animal behaviors (UABs) have been observed before large earthquakes (EQs), however, their mechanisms are unclear. While information on UABs has been gathered after many EQs, few studies have focused on the ratio of emerged UABs or specific behaviors prior to EQs. On 11 March 2011, an EQ...

  2. A critical review of horse-related risk: a research agenda for safer mounts, riders and equestrian cultures

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., McGreevy, P., McManus, P.

    While the importance of improving horse-related safety seems self-evident, no comprehensive study into understanding or reducing horse-related risk has been undertaken. In this paper, we discuss four dimensions of horse-related risk: the risk itself, the horse, the rider and the culture in which...

  3. Inroads into equestrian safety: rider-reported factors contributing to horse-related accidents and near misses on Australian roads

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., Matthews, C.

    Horse riding and horse-related interactions are inherently dangerous. When they occur on public roads, the risk profile of equestrian activities is complicated by interactions with other road users. Research has identified speed, proximity, visibility, conspicuity and mutual misunderstanding as...

  4. Jump horse safety: reconciling public debate and Australian thoroughbred jump racing data, 2012-2014

    Contributor(s):: Ruse, K., Davison, A., Bridle, K.

    Thoroughbred jump racing sits in the spotlight of contemporary welfare and ethical debates about horse racing. In Australia, jump racing comprises hurdle and steeplechase races and has ceased in all but two states, Victoria and South Australia. This paper documents the size, geography,...

  5. A cross-sectional study of horse-related injuries in veterinary and animal science students at an Australian university

    Contributor(s):: Riley, C. B., Liddiard, J. R., Thompson, K.

    Specific estimates of the risk of horse-related injury (HRI) to university students enrolled in veterinary and animal sciences have not been reported. This study aimed to determine the risk of student HRI during their university education, the nature and management of such injuries. A...

  6. Proactive management of the equine athlete

    Contributor(s):: Rogers, C. W., Bolwell, C. F., Gee, E. K.

    Across many equestrian disciplines the median competition career of a horse is relatively short. One of the major reasons for short career length is musculoskeletal injury and a consistent variable is the trainer effect. There are significant opportunities within equestrian sport for a holistic...

  7. Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.

    Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...

  8. Welfare of aged horses

    Contributor(s):: McGowan, C.

    Horses form a unique and special part of their owners' lives and aged horses are no exception. This review considers the health and management of aged horses, including the role of the owner and their perceptions of aged horses, potential threats or risks to their welfare and finally, factors...

  9. Social networks and welfare in future animal management

    Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.

    It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...

  10. Workplace injuries in Thoroughbred racing: an analysis of insurance payments and injuries amongst jockeys in Australia from 2002 to 2010

    Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Hitchens, P. L., Otahal, P., Si, Lei, Palmer, A. J.

    Background: There is no comprehensive study of the costs of horse-related workplace injuries to Australian Thoroughbred racing jockeys. Objectives: To analyse the characteristics of insurance payments and horse-related workplace injuries to Australian jockeys during Thoroughbred racing or...

  11. Characteristics of adopted thoroughbred racehorses in second careers

    Contributor(s):: Stowe, C. J., Kibler, M. L.

    The unwanted horse issue continues to be a major concern in the U.S. equine industry. Nonprofit organizations dedicated to rescuing, retraining, and rehoming unwanted horses are critical in minimizing this problem. This study utilized data collected nationwide from organizations that provide...

  12. Hoofbeats from the Currituck Outer Banks: a study of the Corolla Wild Horse Fund adoption program

    Contributor(s):: Koncel, M. A.

    Research on the adoption and relinquishment of horses, both domestic and wild, remains limited. As a result, little is known about adopters, their adopted horses, and their adoption experience. This study surveyed and interviewed 17 adopters of Colonial Spanish mustangs through the Corolla Wild...

  13. Behavioural, endocrine and cardiac autonomic responses to a model of startle in horses

    Contributor(s):: Villas-Boas, J. D., Dias, D. P. M., Trigo, P. I., Almeida, N. A. dos S., Almeida, F. Q. de, Medeiros, M. A. de

    Startle is a fast response elicited by sudden acoustic, tactile or visual stimuli in a variety of animal species and in humans. The magnitude of startle response can be modulated by external and internal variables and can be a useful tool to study the sensory-motor integration in animals....

  14. Assessing walking posture with geometric morphometrics: effects of rearing environment in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Seneque, E., Megnin, C., Morisset, S., Val-Laillet, D., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Fureix, C., Hausberger, M.

    Rearing social animals like pigs in isolation from conspecifics can have consequences on behaviour and physiology. The aim of this experiment was to determine whether rearing conditions affect body posture. We adapted a method for quantitative evaluation of posture based on geometric...

  15. Genetic study of stress assessed with infrared thermography during dressage competitions in the Pura Raza Espanol horse

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez, M. J., Bartolome, E., Valera, M.

    Despite the fact that physiological parameters in dressage are important because of their close connection to human-horse accidents, performance and welfare, these parameters are only rarely included in horse breeding programs. In Spain, the Pura Raza Espanol horse (PRE) Breeding Program focuses...

  16. Validation of a pressure sensor-based system for measuring eating, rumination and drinking behaviour of dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Ruuska, S., Kajava, S., Mughal, M., Zehner, N., Mononen, J.

    The main objective of our study was to validate, for dairy cows, a new pressure-based system (RumiWatch noseband sensor, Itin + Hoch GmbH, Liestal, Switzerland; RWS) that measures eating, rumination and drinking time. In experiment 1, eating, rumination and drinking time (RWS, min/h) measurements...

  17. Use of Qualitative Behaviour Assessment as an indicator of welfare in donkeys

    Contributor(s):: Minero, M., Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Canali, E., Wemelsfelder, F.

    One of the objectives of the Animal Welfare Indicators project was to develop animal-based indicators to assess donkey welfare, including their emotional state. This study aimed to develop a fixed rating scale of Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) for donkeys, to evaluate the inter-observer...

  18. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  19. Reactions of sheep towards three sets of emotional stimuli: (in) consistency in respect to stimulus valence and sheep identity

    Contributor(s):: Gygax, L., Vogeli, S.

    There is an increasing interest in affective states in applied animal behaviour science, because these states are thought to reflect welfare from the perspective of the animals. Also, it can be expected that individuals differ in how they consistently react to emotional challenges. Recently, we...

  20. Stocking density affects welfare indicators of growing pigs of different group sizes after regrouping

    Contributor(s):: Fu, LingLing, Li, HuiZhi, Liang, TingTing, Zhou, Bo, Chu, QingPo, Schinckel, A. P., Yang, XiaoJing, Zhao, RuQian, Li, PingHua, Huang, RuiHua

    In recent years, the concept of animal welfare began to be accepted by the Chinese people. On some intensive pig farms, the stocking density for growing pigs is too great, leading to decreased animal welfare. In order to study the relationships between stocking density and welfare indicators and...