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Public Perceptions of Service Dogs, Emotional Support Dogs, and Therapy Dogs
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Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Peter Hellyer, Louana Cheung, Lori Kogan
As service dogs, emotional support dogs, and therapy dogs have become more prevalent in the USA, so too has the controversy surrounding their legitimacy. Yet, there is a lack of objective data regarding the public’s understanding of the role played by each of these types of animals, as...
Avian reactions towards human approaches in different urban greenery structures in Nanaimo
Contributor(s):: Campbell, M.
Urban green spaces are vital for human quality of life and urban avian ecology. In consequence, these areas attract cutting edge research on human/animal relations and the human roles in avian foraging grounds. However, few studies of bird reactions to human presence have included bird...
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations
Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Behaviors indicative of attachment with pets scale: an adaptation of the attachment during stress scale for companion animals
Contributor(s):: Vanegas-Farfano, M., Gonzalez-Ramirez, M. T.
This article introduces a Spanish-language assessment tool for the evaluation of behaviors that are indicative of attachment to aid research into human-animal interaction. The psychometric properties of the adapted scale to simultaneously quantify the attachment are presented. A confirmatory...
Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study
Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.
Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...
A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people
Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...
Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique
Contributor(s):: May, D. K., Seivert, N. P., Cano, A., Casey, R. J., Johnson, A.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...
Practices and perceptions of animal contact and associated health outcomes in pregnant women and new mothers
Contributor(s):: Weng, HsinYi, Ankrom, K.
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao
Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.
Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife
Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.
The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...
The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para
Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.
Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open...
Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife
Contributor(s):: Andrea S. Laliberte, William J. Ripple
The Lewis and Clark journals contain some of the earliest and most detailed written descriptions of a large part of the United States before Euro-American settlement. We used the journal entries to assess the influence of humans on wildlife distribution and abundance. Areas with denser human...