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  1. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  2. Toileting troubles part 1: factors influencing house soiling in cats and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Tomlinson, C.

    The discovery of faeces and urine in the home is a common annoyance for owners of cats and dogs and is often perceived, incorrectly, as an inevitable part of pet ownership. Lack of early intervention can lead to long-term house soiling; this can be exasperating and put strain on the human-animal...

  3. Predator cues reduce American beaver use of foraging trails

    Contributor(s):: Severud, W. J., Belant, J. L., Bruggink, J. G., Windels, S. K.

  4. Experimental verification of the effects on normal domestic cats by feeding prescription diet for decreasing stress

    Contributor(s):: Miyaji, K., Kato, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet on the feline stress response by measuring plasma and urinary cortisol. A study diet was developed with a unique combination of nutrients that supports the management of stressful situations. The specific formulation of the diet...

  5. Urinary posture and motor laterality in dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) at two shelters

    Contributor(s):: Gough, W., McGuire, B.

    Motor laterality is the preference shown for using one limb or lateral half of the body over the other. In domestic dogs, most laterality studies have examined forelimb preferences during staged tasks. We focused instead on hindlimb preferences during urination when males use the raised-leg...

  6. Rooting area and drinker affect dunging behaviour of organic pigs

    Contributor(s):: Vermeer, H. M., Altena, H., Vereijken, P. F. G., Bracke, M. B. M.

    Hygiene is a common problem on outdoor runs of growing organic pigs. Manure and urine are mainly excreted outdoors and tend to spread all over the run. Reducing the soiled surface area may be beneficial to animal welfare, hygiene, ammonia emissions and labour, not only in organic but also in...

  7. Dogs sniffing urine: a future diagnostic tool or a way to identify new prostate cancer markers?

    Contributor(s):: Bjartell, A. S.

  8. Key considerations for the experimental training and evaluation of cancer odour detection dogs: lessons learnt from a double-blind, controlled trial of prostate cancer detection

    Contributor(s):: Elliker, K. R., Sommerville, B. A., Broom, D. M., Neal, D. E., Armstrong, S., Williams, H. C.

  9. Olfactory detection of human bladder cancer by dogs: proof of principle study

    Contributor(s):: Willis, C. M., Church, S. M., Guest, C. M., Cook, W. A., McCarthy, N., Bransbury, A. J., Church, M. R., Church, J. C.

  10. Olfactory detection of prostate cancer by dogs sniffing urine: a step forward in early diagnosis

    Contributor(s):: Cornu, J. N., Cancel-Tassin, G., Ondet, V., Girardet, C., Cussenot, O.

  11. Prostate cancer: eNose--man's new best friend?

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, R.

  12. Short-term variability and predictors of urinary pentachlorophenol levels in ohio preschool children

    Contributor(s):: Morgan, M., Jones, P., Sobus, J.

  13. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  14. Volatile organic compounds as biomarkers of bladder cancer: Sensitivity and specificity using trained sniffer dogs

    Contributor(s):: Willis, C. M., Britton, L. E., Harris, R., Wallace, J., Guest, C. M.

  15. Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

    Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...

  16. Effects of training on stress-related behavior of the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ) in relation to coping with routine husbandry procedures. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)

    Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., McKinley, J., Smith, T. E.

    Using positive reinforcement, 12 common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were trained to provide urine samples on request. The marmosets were exposed to mildly stressful, routine husbandry procedures (i.e., capture and weighing). The non-human animals spent less time inactive poststressor as...

  17. Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid

    Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.

    This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...

  18. There's a rat in my room! Now what? Mice show no chronic physiological response to the presence of rats

    Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Loo, P. L. P. van, Baumans, V.

    In general, guidelines on housing and care of animals in the laboratory state that rats and mice should not be housed in the same room. Mice may perceive rats as predators. Although one theory says this can cause stress, there is little scientific evidence to support this theory. In the wild,...

  19. Urinary corticosterone levels in mice in response to intraperitoneal injections with saline

    Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Lemmens, A. G., Zutphen, B. F. M. van, Baumans, V.

    The concept of refinement is an important issue in the field of laboratory animal science. Refinement-based research aims to improve animal welfare, to increase the reliability of experimental outcome, and to diminish variation. In search of refinement of experimental techniques, this study...

  20. Use of accelerometers to measure stress levels in shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jones, S., Dowling-Guyer, S., Patronek, G. J., Marder, A. R., D'Arpino, S. S., McCobb, E.

    Stress can compromise welfare in any confined group of nonhuman animals, including those in shelters. However, an objective and practical method for assessing the stress levels of individual dogs housed in a shelter does not exist. Such a method would be useful for monitoring animal welfare and...