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Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
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Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus
Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.
With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs,...
Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team
Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.
Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...
Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche
Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.
The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...
Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity
Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.
There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
The place of the dog in the family: a comparative case study of dog adoption
Contributor(s):: Garcia, A. C.
This paper explores how perspectives on the appropriate place of the dog in the family shape the practice and experience of dog adoption. This research is based on a comparative case study of a traditional shelter and an independent animal rescue organization. The data were collected through...
Conflicting perspectives on nonhuman animal rescues in natural disasters
Contributor(s):: Every, D., Due, C., Thompson, K., Ryan, J.
Nonhuman animal guardians are more at risk during natural disasters because they are likely to delay or refuse evacuation and return to evacuated disaster sites to rescue animals. Research on the human-animal bond (HAB) views animal guardians' actions as a reflection of a strong attachment....
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
The regulator dog: first results of a prospective study in the dog-breeding environmentLe chien regulateur: premiers resultats d'une enquete prospective en milieu cynophile
Contributor(s):: Napierala-Ruquois, F.
The regulator dog, used for its ability as an intraspecific socialisor, was the subject of a prospective study of various canine professionals. This enabled the profile, uses and effectiveness of the regulator dog to be defined. The survey also showed that, although there are various opposing...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study
Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.
Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM)...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people
Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...