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  1. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  2. Converging on ancient bones: a review of the evidence for the close relatedness of humans ( Homo sapiens) and spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta)

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

    The majority of spotted hyena studies are conducted in places such as national parks and reserves where there are few humans present other than the researchers. I argue that this reflects a perception that "real" hyenas are those largely unaffected by contact with humans. This is at odds with...

  3. Role of private owners in the conservation of exotic species

    Contributor(s):: Jessica L. Beetz

    This study examines the private ownership of exotic species, a topic very relevant to conservation that has long been ignored in the public sphere of policy and discussion. The private ownership of exotic species is a multifaceted issue that affects not only conservation, but also the domestic...

  4. The camel today: assets and potentials

    Contributor(s):: Faye, B.

    Although they quantitatively only take a marginal place amongst domestic herbivores (only 0.4% of world domestic herbivores), the large camelids (dromedary and Bactrian) are present in almost all the arid lands of the old world (except in Southern Africa), a widespread area of over 35 millions km...

  5. Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.

    Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...

  6. Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes

    Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.

    For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...

  7. Ranging characteristics of the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in an urban environment

    Contributor(s):: Thomas, R. L., Baker, P. J., Fellowes, M. D. E.

    In many countries, high densities of domestic cats ( Felis catus) are found in urban habitats where they have the potential to exert considerable predation pressure on their prey. However, little is known of the ranging behaviour of cats in the UK. Twenty cats in suburban Reading, UK, were fitted...

  8. Coyote ( Canis latrans ) interactions with humans and pets reported in the Canadian print media (1995-2010)

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, S. M., Quinn, M. S.

    Interactions with coyotes are a growing management concern in urban North America. We conducted a content analysis of 453 articles addressing coyote events reported in the Canadian print media between 1995 and 2010. There were 119 articles about human-coyote interactions: 32 involved a coyote...

  9. Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?

    Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.

    Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...

  10. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  11. Quantifying the shelter rabbit population: an analysis of Massachusetts and Rhode Island animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Cook, A. J., McCobb, E.

    Scholarly work on the nonhuman animal shelter population has widely focused on cats and dogs. As a result, little is known about the population dynamics of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in shelters. The records from 4 companion animal shelters in Massachusetts and Rhode Island were...

  12. The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.

    Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...

  13. The welfare and suitability of primates kept as pets

    Contributor(s):: Soulsbury, C. D., Iossa, G., Kennell, S., Harris, S.

    Amid growing concern about keeping exotic species as companion animals, nonhuman primates have been highlighted as inappropriate for private ownership. However, there has been no comprehensive review of the suitability of primates as pets, using a framework such as Schuppli and Fraser's (2000)....

  14. There's a rat in my room! Now what? Mice show no chronic physiological response to the presence of rats

    Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Loo, P. L. P. van, Baumans, V.

    In general, guidelines on housing and care of animals in the laboratory state that rats and mice should not be housed in the same room. Mice may perceive rats as predators. Although one theory says this can cause stress, there is little scientific evidence to support this theory. In the wild,...

  15. Trends in sheltering and welfare at the Hawaiian Humane Society, Oahu, Hawaii

    Contributor(s):: McDowell, B., Burns, P., Lepczyk, C. A.

    One of the major goals of an animal welfare organization is to reduce the number of homeless, nonhuman animals in a community. In Hawaii, the Hawaiian Humane Society has provided numerous animal welfare services to work toward this goal, such as offering sterilizations and microchipping at...

  16. Utilization of matrix population models to assess a 3-year single treatment nonsurgical contraception program versus surgical sterilization in feral cat populations

    Contributor(s):: Budke, C. M., Slater, M. R.

    This study constructed matrix population models to explore feral cat population growth for a hypothetical population (a) in the absence of intervention; (b) with a traditional surgical sterilization-based trap, neuter, and return program; and (c) with a single treatment 3-year nonsurgical...

  17. Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception

    Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Powers, J. G., Garbe, H. M., Oehler, M. W., Sr., Nett, T. M., Baker, D. L.

    Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...

  18. Responses by wild house mice ( Mus musculus) to various stimuli in a novel environment

    Contributor(s):: Witmer, G. W., Snow, N. P., Moulton, R. S.

    House mice ( Mus musculus) pose a threat to the native flora and fauna on islands, and can cause significant damage wherever they have been introduced. Methods used to eradicate invasive rodents, like house mice, at high population densities may not be appropriate for intercepting them at lower...

  19. Using sterilization to change predation rates of wild coyotes: a test case involving pronghorn fawns

    Contributor(s):: Seidler, R. G., Gese, E. M., Conner, M. M.

    Surgical sterilization of coyotes ( Canis latrans) reduced their predation rate on domestic sheep. We investigated whether sterilizing coyotes would similarly change coyote predation rates on pronghorn antelope ( Antilocapra americana) neonates. From May 2006 to March 2008, we radio-collared 71...

  20. Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.

    In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...