Nature experience promotes preference for and willingness to coexist with wild animals among urban and suburban residents in Malaysia
| Contributor(s):: Huda Farhana Mohamad Muslim, Hosaka Tetsuro, Numata Shinya, Noor Azlin Yahya
Introduction A decline in direct experience with nature can lead to disaffection of natural environments, wildlife, and public indifference towards biodiversity conservation. This study measured on affective attitude towards wildlife (i.e., preferences for and willingness to coexist with 22...
Familiarity with the experimenter influences the performance of Common ravens (Corvus corax) and Carrion crows (Corvus corone corone) in cognitive tasks
| Contributor(s):: Lara Cibulski, Claudia A.F. Wascher, Brigitte M.Weiß, Kurt Kotrschal
When humans and animals interact with one another over an extended time span they familiarise and may develop a relationship, which can exert an influence on both partners. For example, the behaviour of an animal in experiments may be affected by its relationship to the human experimenter....
An analysis of human-coyote relationship in metropolitan Atlanta, Ga
| Contributor(s):: Jeremy W. Hooper
Human-coyote interactions are an increasing challenge for North American wildlife managers. My objectives were to: 1) provide data on the types and general spatial distribution of human-coyote interactions in metropolitan Atlanta; 2) identify landscapes associated with human-coyote...
Effects of Human Disturbance on Physiology, Behavior, and Ornamentation in the Eastern Bluebird
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Marjorie Gillespie
Overall, few studies have focused on anthropogenic disturbance on wildlife physiology. Research has typically focused on how environmentally contaminated areas or anthropogenic disturbance (e.g. noise, human activity) influences biodiversity, community structure and behavior of individual...
Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement
AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque. METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...
CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS
| Contributor(s):: Fernando Guerrero Martinez
The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...
Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy
| Contributor(s):: Nathan M. Nobis
I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on...
Human Facial Recognition by Northern Mockingbirds
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Jessica A. Stehlin, Janice Crook-Hill, Brad Bailey
A number of studies have examined the ability of various animal species to recognize individual humans, but only a few have focused on native, non-captive birds. Previous research demonstrated that American Crows learn to recognize individual human faces. Other research indicated that Northern...
Playing for sheep stations : a discourse analysis of wild dog management and control policy in New South Wales, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Penelope Margaret Marshall
This thesis challenges the constitutive and taken-for-granted assumptions of the current dominant administrative rationalist discourse of wild dog management and control (WMDC) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. It asks: To what extent can conflicts over WDMC in NSW be understood in terms of...
Pinnipeds and PTSD: An Analysis of a Human-Animal Interaction Case Study Program for a Veteran
| Contributor(s):: Rachel A. Wortman, Theresa Vallone, Michele Karnes, Christine Walawander, Dion Daly, Bonnie Fox-Garrity
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a pinniped (grey and harbor seals) facilitated human-animal interaction pilot program on the self-reported PTSD-like symptoms of a veteran. This study analyzed preexisting, deidentified data that represented the participant’s scores...
Beaver management in Norway : a model for continental Europe?
| Contributor(s):: Howard Parker, Frank Rosell
While Norway has been managing beaver (Castor fiber) for more than 150 years, most central European countries have little experience and none are presently harvesting beaver, despite rapidly growing populations and conflicts. Here we present the Norwegian beaver management model as an example....
In Vivo Safety Studies With SPBN GASGAS in the Frame of Oral Vaccination of Foxes and Raccoon Dogs Against Rabies
| Contributor(s):: Steffen Ortmann, Antje Kretzchmar, Christiane Kaiser, Thomas Linder, Conrad Freuling, Christian Kaiser, Peter Schuster, Thomas Mueller, Ad Vos
In order to obtain Marketing Authorization for an oral rabies vaccine in the European Union, not only safety studies in the target species, red fox and raccoon dog, are required. Since baits are distributed unsupervised in the environment, specific safety studies in selected non-target species...
Urban Sloths: Public Knowledge, Opinions, and Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Kissia Ferreira Pereira, Robert John Young, Vanner Boere, Ita de Oliveira e Silva
Free-range sloths living in an urban environment are rare. In this study, opinions, attitudes, and interactions with a population of Bradypus variegatus were investigated through short, structured interviews and informal, opportunistic observations of people in the pubic square where...
Dog and Cat Interactions in a Remote Aboriginal Community
| Contributor(s):: Brooke Kennedy, Wendy Y. Brown, Karl Vernes, Gerhard Kortner, James R.A. Butler
This study examined dog and cat demographics, roaming behaviours, and interspecific interactions in a remote Aboriginal island community using multiple methods. Our results revealed temporal differences between the roaming behaviours of dogs, cats, and wildlife. Dogs showed crepuscular...
Should the Endangered Status of the Giant Panda Really Be Reduced? The Case of Giant Panda Conservation in Sichuan, China
| Contributor(s):: Ben Ma, Shuo Lei, Qin Qing, Yali Wen
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) reduced the threat status of the giant panda from “endangered” to “vulnerable” in September 2016. In this study, we analyzed current practices for giant panda conservation at regional and local environmental...
The cat people revisited
| Contributor(s):: V. D. Volkan
How nature can be used to create a therapeutic outdoor environment
| Contributor(s):: Carol Davis
Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany
| Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube
Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...
An evaluation of models for an animal care program in wildlife research for Parks Canada
| Contributor(s):: Jacqueline Wepruk, Stephen M Herrero, Marcy Wilhelm-South
Understanding Spinner Dolphin Marine Tourism in Hawai'i: A Social Approach to Assessing Underwater Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Carlie S. Wiener
The popularity of wild spinner dolphin interactions in the Hawaiian Islands has led to the expansion of businesses that incorporate in-water experiences with the dolphins. The growth of dolphin-related commerce has spread so quickly that regulations have not been able to keep up. Subsequently,...