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  1. Jaguar and puma captivity and trade among the Maya: Stable isotope data from Copan, Honduras

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nawa Sugiyama, William L. Fash, Christine A.M. France

    From Moctezuma’s zoo to animals kept in captivity at Teotihuacan, there is increasing evidence that Mesoamericans managed wild animals for a myriad of purposes. The present study situates ritualized animal management of highly symbolic fauna in the broader context of Classic Mesoamerica...

  2. Cheetahs discriminate familiar and unfamiliar human voices

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maël Leroux, Robyn Shelia Hetem, Martine Hausberger, Alban Lemasson

    Domestic species can make the distinction between several human sub-groups, especially between familiar and unfamiliar persons. The Domestication hypothesis assumes that such advanced cognitive skills were driven by domestication itself. However, such capacities have been shown in wild species...

  3. Captive Audiences: Interactions Between Visitors and Bonobos at the San Diego Zoo

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Miyoko Carver

    Primate exhibits in American zoological parks, especially those featuring the great apes, are among the most compelling, complex, and popular exhibits for visitors, and are a primary way the American public becomes familiar with our closest living relatives. In this study, I approach the...

  4. Secret Psychological Revelations of Dolphins in Captivity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Haylee Elizabeth Hilton

    As with most things, the early years of Sea Animal training consisted of trials and errors, experimentations and false starts.  Again, as with most things, those early efforts were analyzed and the successful efforts were kept and incorporated into the regular training routines....

  5. Pinnipeds and PTSD: An Analysis of a Human-Animal Interaction Case Study Program for a Veteran

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel A. Wortman, Theresa Vallone, Michele Karnes, Christine Walawander, Dion Daly, Bonnie Fox-Garrity

    The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a pinniped (grey and harbor seals) facilitated human-animal interaction pilot program on the self-reported PTSD-like symptoms of a veteran. This study analyzed preexisting, deidentified data that represented the participant’s scores...

  6. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari

    Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...

  7. Cognitive Bias in Zoo Animals: An Optimistic Outlook for Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Isabella L. K. Clegg

    Cognitive bias testing has emerged as one of the most valid tools in measuring animals’ affective states, and while it has been extensively applied in farm and laboratory settings, only a few studies have taken place in zoos and aquaria. This review evaluates past cognitive bias studies...

  8. Assessment of Welfare in Zoo Animals: Towards Optimum Quality of Life

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Wolfensohn, Justine Shotton, Hannah Bowley, Sian Davies, Sarah Thompson, William S. M. Justice

    Maintaining a high standard of animal welfare is essential in zoos, and methods of animal welfare assessment should aim to evaluate positive as well as negative states. The indicators that are useful in assessing these are discussed as there is huge variability in the available information...

  9. Managing Aged Animals in Zoos to Promote Positive Welfare: A Review and Future Directions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bethany L. Krebs, Debra Marrin, Amy Phelps, Lana Krol, Jason V. Watters

    Many animals experience physical and behavioral changes as they age. Age-related changes in physical or mental ability can limit the opportunities for animals to experience positive well-being. As animals in zoos are living longer than ever, understanding common physical, cognitive, and...

  10. Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube

    Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...

  11. Island Dolphin Care

    Provides unique, therapeutic, motivational and educational dolphin assisted therapy programs for children and adults with special needs and their families (and/or caregivers) through the use of innovative therapy techniques, which enables participants to discover and achieve desired goals,...

  12. イルカ介在療法のこれまでとこれから

    | Contributor(s):: Maya Kadota, Tadamichi Morisaka, Kazunobu Furuta, Naoki Kamezaki, Dai Oya

    動物は,人の生活のいたるところに存在して いる。歴史的にもその関係は非常に深く,紀元 前一万年前の旧石器時代に描かれたというスペ イン,アルタミラ洞窟の野牛,馬,トナカイな どの壁画などからうかがい知れる。人にとって 動物は食べ物としての存在や生活を脅かす存在 であったが,歴史が進むにつれ,より多くの関 わりをもつようになる。信仰としての対象,愛 玩としての対象,家畜としての対象,生活を補 助する道具としての対象などである。

  13. How We Train Dolphins?

    | Contributor(s):: Meg Sawada

    Through the internship program at Dolphin Quest Oahu (DQO), not only I have learned how to train dolphins but also I have learned the importance caring for animals with respect. Respecting marine mammal and protecting their environment can lead to marine conservation. At Dolphin Quest, we educate...

  14. Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo

    Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...

  15. Unzoo: creating conservational conscience - a progressive development scheme for Johannesburg Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Anne Allcock

    Humans and animals have a diverse and complex set of relationships but their inextricable narratives of development leave them interdependent. By understanding the human fascination with other living beings, in conjunction with our responsibility of preserving the planet, the importance of...

  16. Behavioral Ecology of Captive Species: Using Bibliographic Information to Assess Pet Suitability of Mammal Species

    | Contributor(s):: Paul Koene, Rudi M. de Mol, Bert Ipema

    Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...

  17. The role of zoos and aquariums in education for a sustainable future

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Packer, Roy Ballantyne

    This chapter explores visitors' environmental learning in zoos and aquariums, inclusive of narrative accounts that demonstrate the impact of such experiences in the lives of visitors regarding the process and outcomes. 

  18. Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle

    What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...

  19. Defamiliarising the Zoo : Representations of Nonhuman Animal Captivity in Five Contemporary Novels

    | Contributor(s):: Hadassa Prattley

    While human-animal relations have always been part of human cultures the public zoo is a relatively recent phenomenon that reflects very specific elements of Western cultures’ modern ideas about, and relationships with, nonhuman animals. By becoming such a familiar part of popular culture...

  20. Human-Animal Communication in Captive Species: Dogs, Horses, and Whales

    | Contributor(s):: Mackenzie K. Kelley

    My hopes for this project are to collect and analyze the current research in the field of animal communication. In the first part, my goal is to define animal communication, specifically within human contexts. I will look at how the history of humans and certain species have intertwined to result...