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  1. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    | Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  2. Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman

    Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....

  3. Implementing a One Health approach to emerging infectious disease: reflections on the socio-political, ethical and legal dimensions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Ian Kerridge, Andrew Wilson, Michael Ward, Cameron Stewart, Gwendolyn Gilbert

    Background: ‘One Health’ represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). A One Health approach emphasizing inter-disciplinary...

  4. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  5. Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez

    Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...

  6. Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann

    More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...

  7. One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases

    | Contributor(s):: Michael J Day

    The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...

  8. Interspecies interactions and potential Influenza A virus risk in small swine farms in Peru

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah McCune, Carmen S Arriola, Robert H Gilman, Martin A Romero, Viterbo Ayvar, Vitaliano A Cama, Joel M Montgomery, Armando E Gonzales, Angela M Bayer

    The recent avian influenza epidemic in Asia and the H1N1 pandemic demonstrated that influenza A viruses pose a threat to global public health. The animal origins of the viruses confirmed the potential for interspecies transmission. Swine are hypothesized to be prime "mixing vessels" due...

  9. Animal Assisted Play Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Risë VanFleet, Tracie Faa-Thompson

    Animal Assisted Play Therapy™ is the culmination of the authors' combined 75 years of experience working with animals as a part of their therapeutic practice. Professional practitioners, as well as the paraprofessionals who work in tandem with them, will find this book of enormous...

  10. Moving With Pets

    | Contributor(s):: Dylan Kaarlsen

    When you go new places® every member of your family should be at ease. Cats, dogs and other animals are especially sensitive to moving. The secret to pet relocation is planning. Follow these pointers and ask your Atlas Agent if you have questions. This guide will help prepare you to move...

  11. Academic Institutions and One Health: Building Capacity for Transdisciplinary Research Approaches to Address Complex Health Issues at the Animal–Human–Ecosystem Interface

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa K. Allen-Scott, Bonnie Buntain, Jennifer M. Hatfield, Andrea Meisser, Chris Thomas

    To improve health at the human, animal, and ecosystem interface, defined as One Health, training of researchers must transcend individual disciplines to develop a new process of collaboration. The transdisciplinary research approach integrates frameworks and methodologies beyond academic...

  12. Effects of Edible Treats Containing Ascophyllum nodosum on the Oral Health of Dogs: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Single-Center Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jerzy Gawor, Michał Jank, Katarzyna Jodkowska, Emilia Klim, Ulla K. Svensson

    The objective of this placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study (designed according to evidence based medicine standards) was to determine the effect of 90-day administration of edible treats containing the brown algae, Ascophyllum nodosum, on plaque and dental calculus...

  13. Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman

    Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...

  14. Clinical Presentation, Causes, Treatment, and Outcome of Lip Avulsion Injuries in Dogs and Cats: 24 Cases (2001–2017)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly M. Saverino, Alexander M. Reiter

    Lip avulsions are a common result of orofacial trauma in dogs and cats. Vehicular trauma and bite wounds are common causes. Surgical therapy is highly successful with early decontamination and tension-free closure. This retrospective case series assessed the signalment, causes, lesion location,...

  15. Tail Docking of Canine Puppies: Reassessment of the Tail's Role in Communication, the Acute Pain Caused by Docking and Interpretation of Behavioural Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David J Mellor

    Laws, regulations and professional standards increasingly aim to ban or restrict non-therapeutic tail docking in canine puppies. These constraints have usually been justified by reference to loss of tail participation in communication between dogs, the acute pain presumed to be caused during...

  16. Does Flooring Substrate Impact Kennel and Dog Cleanliness in Commercial Breeding Facilities?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Judith Stella, Moriah Hurt, Amy Bauer, Paulo Gomes, Audrey Ruple, Alan Beck, Candace Croney

    Evaluation of kennel flooring surfaces is needed to understand their impacts on dog health and well-being. This pilot study aimed to characterize aspects of physical health, kennel cleanliness, and dog body cleanliness on flooring types common in US breeding kennels. Subjects were 118 adult...

  17. Aggression toward Familiar People, Strangers, and Conspecifics in Gonadectomized and Intact Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Parvene Farhoody, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Patrick M. Tarwater, James A. Serpell, Deborah L. Duffy, Chris Zink

    Gonadectomy is widely used to treat and prevent behavior problems including the aggressive behavior of dogs. The aim of this study was to determine whether aggressive behavior toward familiar people, strangers, or other dogs was significantly different in dogs gonadectomized at various ages vs....

  18. Perceptions of Risk Factors and Mitigating Strategies for Water Related Zoonotic Diseases on Small-Scale Integrated Farms in Vietnam

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Quynh Ba Le, David Clement Hall, Susan Catherine Cork

    Small-scale integrated (SSI) farming is a common agricultural model in Vietnam. However, SSI farmers use contaminated water, have no access to hygienic latrines, and have very limited awareness about water quality or environmental sanitation. There are potential interactions in the context of...

  19. FIREPAW Inc.

    The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education Promoting Animal Welfare is a 501(c)(3) charitable nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research and public education of animal welfare issues.The Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research and Education [FIREPAW, Inc.] is...

  20. Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature

    | Contributor(s):: Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming

    Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...