The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers
The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...
Human-animal emotional contagion and client communication
| Contributor(s):: Milani, M.
2017Can Vet J58121329-13300008-5286 (Print)0008-5286engDr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.text
An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses
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| Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger
Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...
Pet dogs' behavior when the owner and an unfamiliar person attend to a faux rival
| Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.
Owner perceived differences between mixed-breed and purebred dogs
| Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.
The Effects of Animal-Assisted Activities on the Social and Emotional Development of Young Children with Characteristics of Emotional Behavioral Disorders
| Contributor(s):: Elaine K. Schmid
As emotional behavioral disorders become more prevalent throughout the school-age population, intervention during the early childhood ages is becoming key. Considering that social emotional delays are risk factors for emotional behavioral disorders and the evidence of social-emotional health in...
The Development of a Psychometric Scale for the Evaluation of the Emotional Predispositions of Pet Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Gill Sheppard, Daniel S. Mills
Many pet dogs exhibit problem behaviours which can be corrected through the judicious use of positive and negative reinforcers in training. However, animals often vary in their sensitivity and response to these. It is hypothesised that this variation may offer a biological basis for...
Jealousy in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Harris, C. R., Prouvost, C.
Voices from behind prison walls: the impact of training service dogs on women in prison
| Contributor(s):: Minton, C. A., Perez, P. R., Miller, K.
This study investigated the effects that training service dogs had on women in a multi-level security prison in California. Through semi-structured interviews, the inmates discussed the challenges and benefits of involvement in this program. The findings suggested that participation in training...
Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust
| Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Donaldson, B., Vercoe, M., Filippo, M., Zaka, P. J.
Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to play...
Emotion Attribution to a Non-Humanoid Robot in Different Social Situations
| Contributor(s):: Lakatos, Gabriella, Gácsi, Márta, Konok, Veronika, Brúder, Ildikó, Bereczky, Boróka, Korondi, Péter, Miklósi, Ádám
The Role of an Animal-Mascot in the Psychological Adjustment of Soldiers Exposed to Combat Stress
| Contributor(s):: Trousselard, Marion, Jean, Aurelie, Beiger, François, Marchandot, Florent, Davoust, Bernard, Canini, Frédéric
Effects of a Program of Adapted Therapeutic Horse-Riding in a Group of Autism Spectrum Disorder Children
| Contributor(s):: García-Gómez, Andrés, Risco, Manuel López, Rubio, Jesús Carlos, Guerrero, Eloisa, García-Peña, Inés Magdalena
Introduction: The use of horses in therapy has a fairly long history. There are many references to the therapeutic benefits of this activity. Such therapies have been undergoing a boom internationally in recent years. However scientific research into the effective use of this activity in children...
Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability
| Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.
Although physical human-dog interactions have an important influence on the human-dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human-dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human-dog contact on the...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
| Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Treating Distressed Animals as Participants: I Know Responses in Veterinarians' Pet-Directed Talk
| Contributor(s):: MacMartin, Clare, Coe, Jason B., Adams, Cindy L.
The Role of Experience in the Human Perception of Emotion in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Michele Wan
To investigate the role of experience in interspecific emotion perception, humans with various levels of dog experience provided their interpretations of emotion in dogs using the dogs' visual signals (body language). First, a set of 30 short videos of dogs was assembled, and a panel of eight...
'Canis empathicus'? A proposal on dogs' capacity to empathize with humans
| Contributor(s):: Karine Silva, Liliana de Sousa
Empathy has long attracted the attention of philosophers and psychologists, and more recently, of evolutionary biologists. Interestingly, studies suggest that empathy is a phylogenetically continuous phenomenon, ranging across animals from automatic emotional activation in response to the...
Determining the value of social companionship to captive tufted capuchin monkeys ( Cebus apella )
| Contributor(s):: Dettmer, E., Fragaszy, D.
The objective of the study is to assess the magnitude of the psychological need for social companionship in pair-housed tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) (six males and 1 female). The classification of commodities as necessities or luxuries are included. The study directly compared the...
Grief for pets - Part 1: Overview and some false assumptions
| Contributor(s):: Hewson, C.
Dealing with clients' distress, especially at euthanasia, is a significant stressor for many veterinary nurses. However, few have had formal training in how pet loss affects clients, and how best to communicate with grieving clients. Moreover, many veterinary practices do not take a comprehensive...