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Tags: Behavior and behavior mechanisms + Pets and companion animals

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  1. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  2. Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin

    It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...

  3. The incremental direct costs associated with behavioral symptoms in AD

    | Contributor(s):: DL Murman, Q Chen, MC Powell, SB Kuo, CJ Bradley, CC Colenda

  4. Qualified "in shelter" dogs' evaluation and training to promote successful dog-human relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marilena Sticco, Roberto Trentini, Pia Lucidi

    The phenomenon of dogs’ relinquishment in Italy has become a social evil, although many laws exist to regulate animal protection and lately, the act of abandonment has become criminalised (law n.189/2004, enforced by law n.201/2010). Adop tion fro m shelters seems t o be the only way to...

  5. Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz

    Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...

  6. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  7. Behavioral Ecology of Captive Species: Using Bibliographic Information to Assess Pet Suitability of Mammal Species

    | Contributor(s):: Paul Koene, Rudi M. de Mol, Bert Ipema

    Which mammal species are suitable to be kept as pet? For answering this question many factors have to be considered. Animals have many adaptations to their natural environment in which they have evolved that may cause adaptation problems and/or risks in captivity. Problems may be visible in...

  8. Dierbare metgezellen : Domeinbeschrijving Dierenwelzijn

    | Contributor(s):: Irma Ennik, Lenny van Erp, Hans Hopster, Wim Meijberg, Marianne Poorthuis, Marko Ruis

    Dierenwelzijn is een complex thema met wetenschappelijke, ethische en maatschappelijke invalshoeken. Om dit thema beter voor het onderwijs toegankelijk te maken hebben Stichting Veldwerk Nederland, het lectoraat Welzijn van Dieren van de Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein en de Christelijke...

  9. The Effectiveness of Using Therapeutic Dog Program on the Elderly with Dementia in Nursing Homes of Taiwan

    | Contributor(s):: Ming-Lee Yeh

    Purpose: This research was to develop and to evaluate a canine animal assisted therapy program in Taiwan.Methods: Based on the concept of animal assisted therapy (AAT), this program included two stages. Based on a quasi-experimental research design, 58 elder residents with dementia in nursing...

  10. Investigating Attachment Behavior in Shelter Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Anamarie Johnson

    The strength and nature of the social connection between humans and dogs is a product of a long history of domestication. This study, conducted at a municipal shelter in Northern California using a modified Strange Situation Test, investigated the hypothesis that human-dog interactions will...

  11. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    | Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  12. Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts

    | Contributor(s):: Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., Bennett, P.

    This review examines the perceptual and behavioural influences that pet-attachment has on the ways in which owners view risk, appraise threat, and respond to environmental hazards. Understanding how human-companion animal relationships function in this context has profound implications for the...

  13. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  14. Owner perceived differences between mixed-breed and purebred dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.

  15. The impact of animals on patient wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, B.

  16. Reasons People Surrender Unowned and Owned Cats to Australian Animal Shelters and Barriers to Assuming Ownership of Unowned Cats

    | Contributor(s):: Zito, S., Morton, J., Vankan, D., Paterson, M., Bennett, P. C., Rand, J., Phillips, C. J.

  17. In the Eyes of the Beholder: Pet Owners' Attitude Toward Animals and Perception of Their Pet's Behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Suzanne K. Remito

    This study explored the relationship between pet owners’ attitude toward animals and perception of their pet’s behavior. Pet owners completed an online questionnaire regarding their pro-animal welfare attitude and pet’s behavior. The results indicate that gender and previous pet...

  18. Social Worker Perceptions of Equine Assisted Psychotherapy

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie Woolen

        This research study examines factors that influence a social worker’s willingness to utilize animals in therapy, specifically equine assisted psychotherapy. Equine assisted psychotherapy is an experiential therapy involving horses for the treatment of mental and...

  19. Caracterização dos comportamentos de tutores de animais de estimação numa amostra não probabilística

    | Contributor(s):: Zélia Irina Lucas Rebelo

    O presente estudo tem como objectivo caracterizar o comportamento dos tutores de animais utilizando uma amostra não-probabilística. Neste contexto, foi elaborado um questionário online conduzido entre Março de 2014 e Julho de 2014, que consiste em 31 questões...

  20. Maneig dels símptomes psicològics i conductuals de la demència en persones institucionalitzades: disseny d'una intervenció de teràpia assistida amb gossos

    | Contributor(s):: Danae Montañés Bernad

    L’envelliment de la població comportarà un gran augment en la prevalença de demències, i més en pacients institucionalitzats. Les repercussions de la malaltia, que no només afecten la persona, sinó també l’entorn sociofamiliar,...