Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis
Contributor(s):: Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...
Manifestation of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in Australian Merino sheep: observations on altered behaviour and growth
Contributor(s):: Cronin, G. M., Beganovic, D. F., Sutton, A. L., Palmer, D. J., Thomson, P. C., Tammen, I.
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder in children. Presently there is no effective treatment and the disorder is lethal. NCL occur in a variety of non-human species including sheep, which are recognised as valuable large animal models for NCL. This...
Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
Effects of growth-promoting technology on feedlot cattle behavior in the 21 days before slaughter
Contributor(s):: Stackhouse-Lawson, K. R., Tucker, C. B., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S., Mitloehner, F. M.
There is growing interest in the animal welfare implications of growth-promoting technology used in feedlot cattle, namely hormonal implants, ionophores, antibiotics and β 2-adrenergic agonists. Previous studies have focused on the effects of implants on aggression, but little work has...
What do calves choose to eat and how do preferences affect behaviour?
Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Engel, B., Berends, H., Reenen, C. G. van, Gerrits, W. J. J., Boer, I. J. M. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.
Calves raised for milk or meat are fed diets that differ from feral-herd calf diets and are based on the nutritional requirements of the 'average calf'. These diets may not meet the dietary preferences of each individual calf. This study explored diet preferences in calves with free dietary...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Are "pit bulls" different? An analysis of the pit bull terrier controversy (Commenrtary)
Contributor(s):: Lockwood, R., Rindy, K.
"This article reviews some of the historical, ethological, and epidemiological evidence relevant to the question of whether pit bull terriers present special animal control problems justifying unusual legislative action."
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...
A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.
This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...
Assessing the welfare of dairy cattle. (Special issue: food animal husbandry and the new millennium)
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J.
This article suggests that health problems represent some of the main threats to the welfare of dairy cattle. Although disagreement often arises about what constitutes the main welfare problems, there is broad agreement that welfare is reduced by health problems. In recent decades, a marked...
Dairy cow behavior and welfare implications of time waiting before entry into the milking parlor
Contributor(s):: Dijkstra, C., Veermae, I., Praks, J., Poikalainen, V., Arney, D. R.
The objective of this study was to investigate dairy cows' time spent in the possibly stressful waiting area (WA) of the milking parlor (MP) and their behavioral patterns while there and thereby investigate comparative effects on their welfare. The experiments were carried out in 3 loose-housing...
Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )
Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.
The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...
Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior
Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.
96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...
Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid
Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.
This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...
Impact of zoo visitors on the fecal cortisol levels and behavior of an endangered species: Indian blackbuck ( Antelope cervicapra L.)
Contributor(s):: Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan, Mahadevan, Sekar
This study investigated behavioral activities (resting, moving, aggressive, social, and reproductive behavior) and fecal cortisol levels in 8 individually identified adult male blackbucks during periods of varying levels of zoo visitors (zero, low, high, and extremely high zoo visitor density)....
Minimal number of conspecifics needed to minimize the stress response of isolated mature ewes
Contributor(s):: Carbajal, S., Orihuela, A.
The objective of this study was to determine the minimum number of conspecifics that sheep require to minimize the stress associated with isolation from the flock. The study used twelve 3-year-old Suffolk ewes. Every test day, the study randomly selected 1, 2 or 3 ewes to be visually separated...
Oral behaviors of beef steers in pen and pasture environments
Contributor(s):: Ishiwata, T., Uetake, K., Kilgour, R. J., Eguchi, Y., Tanaka, T.
This study observed the behavioral characteristics of 122 steers in eight pens and 1,136 steers at six pastures. Nonhuman animals kept in pens performed less nutritive oral behaviors and more nonnutritive oral behaviors than animals kept at pasture. Although these could not be described as...
Retreat space and human visitor density moderate undesirable behaviour in petting zoo animals
Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Benne, M., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
This study focused on the relationship between nonhuman animal behaviour and environment - specifically, between the undesirable behaviour exhibited by domestic petting zoo animals in the presence of humans and the spatial design of the petting zoo environment. A spatial feature of a petting zoo...
Scientists' assessment of the impact of housing and management on animal welfare
A total of 22 scientists contributed to a consensus-oriented conceptual framework for assessment of farm animal welfare, addressing priority issues in cattle, pigs, and chickens. They used the Delphi method, in which participants contributed anonymously through e-mail. The framework puts welfare...