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  1. The Human-Animal Bond and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa White

    This study explored the lived experiences of Operational Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) service members with combatrelated posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms who had a companion animal postdeployment. Twelve OEF and OIF veterans participated in...

  2. Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth

    In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...

  3. Assessment of Recent Cases of Animal Hoarding in Germany: The Challenge for Animal Shelters and Public Authorities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Arnold, Henriette Mackensen, Evelyn Ofensberger, Brigitte Rusche

    Animal hoarding is a severe problem in the field of human-animal interaction. The goal of this study was to assess the current situation of animal hoarding in Germany. Reports of animal hoarding cases were collected from animal shelters and public media between January 2012 and December 2015;...

  4. Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Megan Kiely Mueller, Nancy Dreschel, Regina M. Bures

    Background We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. Methods Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the...

  5. Pinnipeds and PTSD: An Analysis of a Human-Animal Interaction Case Study Program for a Veteran

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel A. Wortman, Theresa Vallone, Michele Karnes, Christine Walawander, Dion Daly, Bonnie Fox-Garrity

    The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a pinniped (grey and harbor seals) facilitated human-animal interaction pilot program on the self-reported PTSD-like symptoms of a veteran. This study analyzed preexisting, deidentified data that represented the participant’s scores...

  6. The Effect of Pet Ownership on ESL Students' U.S. Academic Success

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Benjumea

    This study examines the academic success of English as a second language (ESL) students based on ownership of and/or relationship with a pet, due to pets’ ability to benefit and support their owners. A survey was compiled for middle school, ESL students in the Fayetteville, Arkansas...

  7. Beaver management in Norway : a model for continental Europe?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Howard Parker, Frank Rosell

    While Norway has been managing beaver (Castor fiber) for more than 150 years, most central European countries have little experience and none are presently harvesting beaver, despite rapidly growing populations and conflicts. Here we present the Norwegian beaver management model as an example....

  8. Training Technologies. Science, Humans and Dogs in the Age of Positive Dog Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ane Møller Gabrielsen

    The practices of dog training influence the lives of numerous dogs and dog owners, but have not received much academic attention in terms of empirical studies. Both humans and dogs are shaped through these practices, but as the conditions are partly determined by already established networks,...

  9. The Processing of Human Emotional Faces by Pet and Lab Dogs: Evidence for Lateralization and Experience Effects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anjuli L.A. Barber, Dania Randi, Corsin A. Müller, Ludwig Huber

    From all non-human animals dogs are very likely the best decoders of human behavior. In addition to a high sensitivity to human attentive status and to ostensive cues, they are able to distinguish between individual human faces and even between human facial expressions. However, so far little...

  10. Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Hannah F. Wright, Daniel S. Mills

    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...

  11. The Truth about Humans: The Decision to Adopt Dogs & Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leann Stadtlander

    Millions of dogs and cats are adopted from animal shelters every year, however, little is known about why specific animals are adopted. This study examines the qualitative comments given by adopters of cats and dogs for selecting specific animals. Differences between the species and insights...

  12. The association between owning domestic dogs as pets and the productivity amongst college students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Gerace

    In the class Research Methods in Healthcare, we explored an introduction to the different kinds of research that are commonly used in healthcare and the benefits and uses of each kind. Always having a love for dogs, I wondered whether or not they would have any association with the level of...

  13. A Vicious Cycle of Abuse: The Relationship between Domestic Violence and Animal Cruelty

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leah Staley

    This paper explores research on the relationship between cycles of domestic violence and animal cruelty. It not only depicts that there is an under acknowledged a relationship between the two subjects, but also considers this relationship from multiple perspectives. This paper summarizes what...

  14. Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert

    Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...

  15. Is the Colonisation of Staphylococcus aureus in Pets Associated with Their Close Contact with Owners?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karolina Bierowiec, Katarzyna Płoneczka-Janeczko, Krzysztof Rypuła

    In human beings and animals, staphylococci constitute part of the normal microbial population. Staphylococcus aureus could be classified as an opportunistic pathogen because the bacteria are noted in clinically healthy individuals, but when the immune system becomes compromised, they...

  16. A first estimate of the structure and density of the populations of pet cats and dogs across Great Britain

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Aegerter, David Fouracre, Graham C. Smith

    Policy development, implementation, and effective contingency response rely on a strong evidence base to ensure success and cost-effectiveness. Where this includes preventing the establishment or spread of zoonotic or veterinary diseases infecting companion cats and dogs, descriptions of the...

  17. Modeling Commercial Freshwater Turtle Production on US Farms for Pet and Meat Markets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ivana Mali, Hsiao-Husan Wang, William E. Grant, Mark Feldman, Michael R. J. Forstner

    Freshwater turtles are being exploited for meat, eggs, traditional medicine, and pet trade. As a response, turtle farming became a booming aquaculture industry in the past two decades, specifically in the southeastern states of the United States of America (US) and across Southeast Asia....

  18. Dog's Best Friend?: Vivisecting the "Animal" in Mark Twain's "A Dog's Tale"

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew Guzman

    “A Dog’s Tale” encapsulates the duality that the domesticated dog as both loyal “friend” and dependable scientific “instrument” denotes. Twain paints a dark portrait of man’s association with “beast.” Additionally, the story presents...

  19. Hepatitis E Virus Serosurvey among Pet Dogs and Cats in Several Developed Cities in China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Huanbin Liang, Jidang Chen, Jiexiong Xie, Long Sun, Fanxiao Ji, Shuyi He, Yun Zheng, Chumin Liang, Guihong Zhang, Shuo Su, Shoujun Li

    Infection by Hepatitis E virus (HEV), as a zoonotic disease virus, is well studied in pigs in China, but few studies in pets have been performed. This study was designed to characterize the prevalence of HEV infection among pet dogs and cats in major metropolitan areas of China. We conducted a...

  20. Media, Mental Health and Man's Best Friend

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Suzanne Spinosa

    Using two media newspaper publications as a means of archival data, this paper proposed that the shift in perception of animals in mental health setting has changed over time. There is now data examining the role of animals in a human's well-being and the increased importance of an...