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  1. What is a canine athlete?

    Contributor(s):: Zink, M. C., Dyke, J. B. van

    Canine sports medicine and rehabilitation is the newest specialty in veterinary medicine. It encompasses and integrates a variety of fields, including orthopedics, exercise physiology, neurology, cardiology, pulmonology, nutrition, and others. Rehabilitation, which includes conditioning...

  2. Do audible and ultrasonic sounds of intensities common in animal facilities affect the autonomic nervous system of rodents?

    Contributor(s):: Burwell, A. K., Baldwin, A. L.

    In animal facilities, noises, often poorly controlled, occur over a wide range of frequencies and intensities. Evidence demonstrates that audible noise and ultrasound have deleterious effects on rodent physiology, but it is not known how they affect the autonomic nervous system (ANS). This study...

  3. Behavioral and cardiac responses by dogs to physical human-dog contact

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.

    Measures of behavioral responses and cardiovascular parameters to evaluate and assess animal well-being are well established. A major aspect of companion animal well-being seems to originate from direct human-animal interaction. For pet dogs, the manner in which they obtain and respond to petting...

  4. Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.

  5. Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.

  6. Pain issues in poultry. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Gentle, M. J.

    This review highlights the possible pain experienced by layer and broiler poultry in modern husbandry conditions. Receptors which respond to noxous stimulation (nociceptors) have been identified and physiologically characterised in many different part of the body of the chicken including the...

  7. Heart-rate and the behaviour of sheep in yards

    Contributor(s):: Syme, L. A., Elphick, G. R.

    Heart-rate (HR) of 30 Merino wethers was measured by radiotelemetry in two environments: standing alone in a handling race, but in sight of other sheep; and while moving within a group around yards. Subjects were selected three months previously on the basis of each animal's reaction to...

  8. Some studies on heart-rate and behaviour in the domestic fowl

    Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H.

  9. Does the use of a device to measure heart rate affect the behavioural responses of lambs to humans?

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    Devices used to measure cardiac activity (elasticized belt, electrodes, etc.) in standardised behavioural tests could be stressful for the animals, and therefore affect their responses. Preliminary habituation to the device is not always possible. To date, the impact of carrying such devices has...

  10. Relationships between heart rates and behavior of goats in encounters with people

    Contributor(s):: Lyons, D. M., Price, E. O.

  11. A non-invasive telemetry system for obtaining heart rate from free-ranging swine

    Contributor(s):: Friend, T. H., Dellmeier, G. R., Stuart, J. L.

    A vest made of four-way stretch heavy duty nylon spandex was developed to hold telemetry equipment and permit the use of body surface electrodes for obtaining heart rate data on free-ranging or confined domestic pigs. The vest was laced on sows with a reinforcing 7.5 cm elastic belt encircling...

  12. Clinical pathology and cardiovascular parameters are not influenced by housing rats under increased environmental complexity

    Contributor(s):: Mikkelsen, L. F., Sorensen, D. B., Krohn, T., Lauritzen, B., Dragsted, N., Hansen, A. K., Ottesen, J. L.

    Since the release of the revised Appendix A from the Council of Europe for housing of laboratory animals there have been claims that laboratory animals should be housed under more complex conditions; known popularly as enrichment. A number of studies have expressed concerns that this may increase...