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Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being
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| Contributor(s):: Ragen T. S. McGowan, Cynthia Bolte, Hallie R. Barnett, Gerardo Perez-Camargo, François Martin
It is well established that human interaction has positive effects on shelter dogs. This work set out to answer the question: “Does one 15-min petting session make a difference for shelter dogs?” Fifty-five dogs were subject to one 15-min petting session with one of five unfamiliar...
Presumed Caudal Cerebellar Artery Infarction in Three Cats: Neurological Signs, MRI Findings, and Outcome
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Arianna Negrin, Olivier N. J. Taeymans, Sarah E. Spencer, Guinio B. Cherubini
Ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a relatively common condition in dogs but infrequent in cats, with acute or peracute onset of non-progressive neurological signs. Cerebellar artery infarction appears to be very uncommon in cats, with only two cases reported affecting the rostral...
Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injury during Racing on New Zealand Racetracks 2005–2011
| Contributor(s):: Charlotte Bolwell, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Wayne Mcllwraith
There is currently limited information on the types, or risk, of injuries occurring for horses racing in flat races in New Zealand. Race reports and records from six racing seasons were used to determine the reasons why horses failed to finish a race. In total, 544 horses failed to complete a...
Dog Ownership and Dog Walking: The Relationship with Exercise, Depression and Hopelessness in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease
| Contributor(s):: Susan L. Dunn, Michael Sit, Holli A. DeVon, Nathan L. Tintle
Background: Dog ownership has been associated with increased physical activity in the general adult population.Objective: The objective of this study was to examine dog ownership and dog walking and their relationship with home-based and Phase II cardiac rehabilitation exercise,...
Benefits of pet therapy introduced to cardiac rehabilitation patients
| Contributor(s):: Angela Joy Felker
This study was designed to measure the beneficial effects of a pet therapy program on a population of older adult cardiac rehabilitation patients. It was hypothesized that participants who received an interactive pet therapy session would have lower blood pressure and heart rate prior to and...
Randomized Controlled Theory-Based, E-Mail-Mediated Walking Intervention: Differences Between Dog Owners and Non-Dog Owners
| Contributor(s):: Libby Richards, Niwako Ogata, Ching-Wei Cheng
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of two concurrent randomized controlled interventions based on social cognitive theory to increase walking. A second purpose was to compare the efficacy of the intervention between two distinct groups: dog owners and non-dog owners. Adult dog...
Cat Ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study
| Contributor(s):: Adnan I Qureshi, Muhammad Zeeshan Memon, Gabriela Vasquez, M Fareed K Suri
BackgroundThe presence of pets has been associated with reduction of stress and blood pressure and therefore may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.MethodsRelative risks (RR) of all deaths, death due to myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular diseases (MI or stroke), and stroke during...
The Effect of Human-Animal Interaction on Human Cardiovascular Health
| Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath, Emily Patterson-Kane
More than 2,150 Americans die from cardiovascular disease (CVD) daily, an average of 1 death every 40 seconds (Go et al., 2014). In any given year, approximately 620,000 Americans suffer their first coronary attack, and 295,000 have a repeat attack. Even though rates of CVD declined between 2000...
What is a canine athlete?
| Contributor(s):: Zink, M. C., Dyke, J. B. van
Canine sports medicine and rehabilitation is the newest specialty in veterinary medicine. It encompasses and integrates a variety of fields, including orthopedics, exercise physiology, neurology, cardiology, pulmonology, nutrition, and others. Rehabilitation, which includes conditioning...
Do audible and ultrasonic sounds of intensities common in animal facilities affect the autonomic nervous system of rodents?
| Contributor(s):: Burwell, A. K., Baldwin, A. L.
In animal facilities, noises, often poorly controlled, occur over a wide range of frequencies and intensities. Evidence demonstrates that audible noise and ultrasound have deleterious effects on rodent physiology, but it is not known how they affect the autonomic nervous system (ANS). This study...
Behavioral and cardiac responses by dogs to physical human-dog contact
| Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.
Measures of behavioral responses and cardiovascular parameters to evaluate and assess animal well-being are well established. A major aspect of companion animal well-being seems to originate from direct human-animal interaction. For pet dogs, the manner in which they obtain and respond to petting...
Heart rate variability in horses engaged in equine-assisted activities
| Contributor(s):: Gehrke, E. K., Baldwin, A., Schiltz, P. M.
Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension
| Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.
Pet ownership and cardiovascular risk: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association
| Contributor(s):: Glenn N. Levine, Karen Allen, Lynne T. Braun, Hayley E. Christian, Erika Friedmann, Kathryn A. Taubert, Sue Ann Thomas, Deborah L. Wells, Richard A. Lange
The purpose of this American Heart Association Scientific Statement is to critically assess the data regarding the influence of pet ownership on the presence and reduction of cardiovascular disease risk factors and cardiovascular disease risk.
Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
| Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Negative affective states and their effects on morbidity, mortality and longevity
| Contributor(s):: Walker, M. D., Duggan, G., Roulston, N., Slack, A. van, Mason, G.
Cow milk and human development and well-being
| Contributor(s):: Maijala, K.
This paper reviews the hypotheses of the relationship between milk and human coronary heart disease (CHD). These hypotheses are examined and their original historic deficiencies are discussed. This is followed by the new and emerging scientific evidence to support, question or refute these...
Pet ownership and cardiovascular risk reduction: supporting evidence, conflicting data and underlying mechanisms
| Contributor(s):: Arhant-Sudhir, K., Arhant-Sudhir, R., Sudhir, K.
It is widely believed that pet ownership is beneficial to humans and that some of this benefit is through favourable effects on cardiovascular risk. In the present review, we critically examine the evidence in support of this hypothesis and present the available data with respect to major...
Pain issues in poultry. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)
| Contributor(s):: Gentle, M. J.
This review highlights the possible pain experienced by layer and broiler poultry in modern husbandry conditions. Receptors which respond to noxous stimulation (nociceptors) have been identified and physiologically characterised in many different part of the body of the chicken including the...