Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis
Contributor(s):: Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...
Reduced locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves following separation from the mother reflects their response to reduced energy intake
Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Wright, R., Johnsen, J. F., Mejdell, C. M., Passille, A. M. de
Play behaviour is an indicator of good welfare in young calves and is reduced by low energy intake and weaning off milk. There is renewed interest in keeping calves longer with the cow but separation leads to signs of distress, such as vocalizations. Providing calves with an alternative milk...
On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Michalopoulou, E., Cripps, P. J., Duncan, J. S., Wemelsfelder, F.
Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a 'whole-animal' methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as 'tense', 'relaxed', 'anxious', and 'content'. The reliability and validity of QBA as an indicator for on-farm welfare assessment in pigs, cattle,...
Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health
Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de, Rabeyrin, M., Rushen, J.
We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...
The effect of lying motivation on cow behaviour
Contributor(s):: Norring, M., Valros, A.
Cows in dairy barns spend time standing while waiting for milking, accessing feed and entering the resting area. It has been suggested that high yielding cows may represent a trade off situation regarding eating and lying particularly in systems where there is a long waiting period before...
Management and design of hospital pens relative to behavior of the compromised dairy cow: a questionnaire survey of Iowa dairy farms
Contributor(s):: Fogsgaard, K. K., Herskin, M. S., Gorden, P. J., Timms, L. L., Shearer, J. K., Millman, S. T.
Compromised dairy cows, such as those suffering from illness or injury, are likely to have different behavioral priorities and needs compared to healthy cows. Although hospital pens are typically required in animal welfare standards and assessment programs, there is surprisingly little...
Can automated measures of lying time help assess lameness and leg lesions on tie-stall dairy farms?
Contributor(s):: Charlton, G. L., Bouffard, V., Gibbons, J., Vasseur, E., Haley, D. B., Pellerin, D., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
The time that dairy cows spend lying down is an important measure of their comfort and lameness and injuries to hocks and knees are associated with alterations in lying time. We examined whether automated measures of lying time could identify cows and farms with problems of lameness or leg...
Cattle handling pointers: stockmanship and low-stress handling
Contributor(s):: Gill, R., Machen, R.
Unusual animal behavior preceding the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku, Japan: a way to predict the approach of large earthquakes
Contributor(s):: Yamauchi, H., Uchiyama, H., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
Unusual animal behaviors (UABs) have been observed before large earthquakes (EQs), however, their mechanisms are unclear. While information on UABs has been gathered after many EQs, few studies have focused on the ratio of emerged UABs or specific behaviors prior to EQs. On 11 March 2011, an EQ...
Social networks and welfare in future animal management
Contributor(s):: Koene, P., Ipema, B.
It may become advantageous to keep human-managed animals in the social network groups to which they have adapted. Data concerning the social networks of farm animal species and their ancestors are scarce but essential to establishing the importance of a natural social network for farmed animal...
Validation of a pressure sensor-based system for measuring eating, rumination and drinking behaviour of dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Ruuska, S., Kajava, S., Mughal, M., Zehner, N., Mononen, J.
The main objective of our study was to validate, for dairy cows, a new pressure-based system (RumiWatch noseband sensor, Itin + Hoch GmbH, Liestal, Switzerland; RWS) that measures eating, rumination and drinking time. In experiment 1, eating, rumination and drinking time (RWS, min/h) measurements...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
The social network structure of a dynamic group of dairy cows: from individual to group level patterns
Contributor(s):: Boyland, N. K., Mlynski, D. T., James, R., Brent, L. J. N., Croft, D. P.
Social relationships have been shown to significantly impact individual and group success in wild animal populations, but are largely ignored in farm animal management. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge of how farm animals respond to their social environment, which varies greatly...