Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them
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| Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...
The Sheltering of Unwanted Cattle, Experiences in India and Implications for Cattle Industries Elsewhere
| Contributor(s):: Uttara Kennedy, Arvind Sharma, Clive J.C. Phillips
Reverence for the cow has been a centerpiece of Hindu culture, the roots of which can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization around 3000 BCE. Historical and anthropological literature demonstrates how over the millennia the animal’s status as a religious symbol steadily increased...
Visualising human-animal-technology relations : fieldnotes, still photography and digital video on the robotic dairy farm
| Contributor(s):: Christopher Bear, Lewis Holloway, Katy WIlkinson
This paper explores the potential for developing less anthropocentric approaches to researching human-nonhuman relations through visual ethnography, critically examining the potential for conceptualising nonhuman animals as participants. Arguing that method in “more-than-human...
Should the Contribution of One Additional Lame Cow Depend on How Many Other Cows on the Farm Are Lame?
| Contributor(s):: Peter Sandoe, Bjorn Forkman, Franziska Hakansson, Sine Norlander Andreasen, Rikke Nohr, Matt Denwood, Thomas Boker Lund
Welfare Quality® proposes a system for aggregation according to which the total welfare score for a group of animals is a non-linear effect of the prevalence of welfare scores across the individuals within the group. Three assumptions serve to justify this: (1) experts do not follow a...
Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark
| Contributor(s):: Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe
Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...
Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration
| Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence
Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...
Tech-Savvy Beef Cattle? How Heifers Respond to Moving Virtual Fence Lines
| Contributor(s):: Dana L. M. Campbell, Jim M. Lea, William J. Farrer, Sally J. Haynes, Caroline Lee
Global Positioning System (GPS)-based virtual fences offer the potential to improve the management of grazing animals. Prototype collar devices utilising patented virtual fencing algorithms were placed on six Angus heifers in a 6.15 hectare paddock. After a “no fence” period,...
On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship
| Contributor(s):: Bernadette Earley, Mickael Mazurek, Margaret Murray, Daniel J. Prendiville
On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship. Study 1. Animal welfare index (AWI): an on-farm survey of beef suckler farms in Ireland. Study 2. Investigation and specificity of behavioural fear responses...
Human/Farm Animal Relationships
| Contributor(s):: Jack L. Albright
There are various combinations of human beings and farm animals. This paper attempts to evaluate those few studies of humans handling farm animals within a prescribed environment. Personality traits of dairy farmers and livestock people as determined by the Eysenck Personality Inventory (Eysenck...
Suomenkarjan käyttö terapiaeläimenä
| Contributor(s):: Anu Kinnunen
Suomen alkuperäiskarjojen annettiin miltei kuolla sukupuuttoon, ennen kuin niiden suojeluun viimein parikymmentä vuotta sitten havahduttiin. Arvokkaan geeniaineksen katoaminen olisi ollut kohtalokasta maamme jalostustyölle ja kotieläinlajien monimuotoisuudelle....
Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion
| Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated the...
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
| Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.
Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
Relationship between the stockperson's attitudes and dairy productivity in Japan
| Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M., Ortega, M., Anderson, T. J., Fukasawa, M., Kawahata, M., Higashiyama, Y., Komatsu, T.
Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling--Comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming
A interação humano-animal e o uso de homeopatia em bovinos de leite
| Contributor(s):: Luciana Aparecida Honorato
Um fator importante para o bem-estar de animais de produção é a forte interação humano-animal decorrente do processo de produção, que por sua vez, é norteada pelas atitudes dos humanos em relação aos animais. O objetivo deste...